From Manuscript to Print: the Evolution of the Medieval Book

Medieval Music
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In the Middle Ages, music was used in worship above all, and it constituted an integral part of the liturgy. The Mass and the Divine Office were hardly conceivable without the singing of plainchant. Known more commonly as "Gregorian" chant, this style of liturgical music developed during the Carolingian Renaissance as the fusion of Gallican and Roman traditions. In the ninth century plainchant became associated with St. Gregory the Great (pope from 590 to 604), but this connection was merely a pious legend used to justify the innovation. Plainchant continued to evolve after the time of Charlemagne; it did not receive its familiar form of square notation until the 13th century. Its melodies number in the tens of thousands.

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the Sacred Word
Private Prayer
Leather and Chains
Medieval Music
How the Classics Survived
Manuscripts in the Age of Print
Evolution of the Book
Appetite for Destruction
Manuscript Facsimiles
Cornell's Medieval Books
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