ILGWU Murray Gross Photographs

Collection Number: 5780/199 P

Kheel Center for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives, Cornell University Library


DESCRIPTIVE SUMMARY

Title:
ILGWU Murray Gross Photographs, 1949-1981
Collection Number:
5780/199 P
Creator:
Gross, Murray;
International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union (ILGWU)
Quantity:
0.6 linear ft.
Forms of Material:
Photographs.
Repository:
Kheel Center for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives, Cornell University Library
Abstract:
The ILGWU Murray Gross Photograph collection contain photos of Murray himself, Maurice J. Tobin, Norman Thomas and some taken at the 34th ILGWU Convention.
Language:
Collection material in English


ILGWU ORGANIZATIONAL HISTORY

The International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union was once one of the largest labor unions in the United States founded in 1900 by local union delegates representing about 2,000 members in cities in the northeastern United States. It was one of the first U.S. Unions to have a membership consisting of mostly females, and it played a key role in the labor history of the 1920s and 1930s. The union is generally referred to as the "ILGWU" or the "ILG". The ILGWU grew in geographical scope, membership size, and political influence to become one of the most powerful forces in American organized labor by mid-century. Representing workers in the women's garment industry, the ILGWU worked to improve working and living conditions of its members through collective bargaining agreements, training programs, health care facilities, cooperative housing, educational opportunities, and other efforts. The ILGWU merged with the Amalgamated Clothing and Textile Workers Union in 1995 to form the Union of Needle trades, Industrial and Textile Employees (UNITE). UNITE merged with the Hotel Employees and Restaurant Employees Union (HERE) in 2004 to create a new union known as UNITE HERE. The two unions that formed UNITE in 1995 represented only 250,000 workers between them, down from the ILGWU's peak membership of 450,000 in 1969.

BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE

Murray Gross entered the garment industry as a capmaker in 1925, and later worked as a tucker and a dress operator. A former student at the Brookwood Labor College, Gross was elected to the executive board of the Dress Joint Board in 1932. He was longtime manager of Local 6. In 1941, he helped found the Union for Democratic Action (later Americans for Democratic Action). After serving in the Army from 1943 to 1945, Gross served as assistant general manager of the Dress Joint Board. In 1961, he was appointed National Chairman of the American Veterans Committee, and in 1962, he was named Commission of Human Rights for the City of New York. Murray Gross passed away on July 12, 1981, in New York City.
SUBJECTS

Names:
Gross, Maurice
International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union.

Subjects:
Women's clothing industry--United States.
Clothing workers--Labor unions--United States.
Clothing workers--United States.
Industrial relations--United States.

Form and Genre Terms:
Photographs.


INFORMATION FOR USERS

Access Restrictions:
Access to the collections in the Kheel Center is restricted. Please contact a reference archivist for access to these materials.
Restrictions on Use:
This collection must be used in keeping with the Kheel Center Information Sheet and Procedures for Document Use.
Cite As:
ILGWU Murray Gross Photographs #5780/199 P. Kheel Center for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives, Cornell University Library.

RELATED MATERIALS

Related Collections:
5780: ILGWU records
5780/199: ILGWU Murray Gross Papers
5780/199 AV: ILGWU Murray Gross Audio-Visual Materials
5780/199 MB: ILGWU Murray Gross Memorabilia

CONTAINER LIST

Container
Description
Date
Box 1 Folder 1
CD-R of images from Jeannette Wegelius
Box 1 Folder 2
Includes: group photos; Gross with Richard Nixon, Robert F. Kennedy, Lyndon B. Johnson, John F. Kennedy, Adlai Stevenson, and others
Box 1 Folder 3 1961-1981
Includes text
Box 1 Folder 4 1961-1981
Includes text
Box 1 Folder 5 1949-1975
Includes: Group on Dais of 50th anniversary L.I.D. Conference, 1955; other group photographs; letter from Harry Truman to Louis A. Johnson, 1949
Box 1 Folder 6 1951
Program from testimonial dinner for Tobin, tendered by the National Labor Council of the City of Hope
Box 1 Folder 7 1954
Program for Norman Thomas birthday reception
Box 1 Folder 8 1971
Miami Beach, Florida
Box 2
Box 2 Folder 1
removed from box 1, ff1
Box 3