Women in the Literary Market 1800-1900

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By the end of the nineteenth century, improved educational opportunities, growing literacy rates, and the increasing speed of print production expanded reading audiences like never before.

The proliferation of periodicals, especially, created new publishing opportunities for women. From the 1860s, an explosion of new shilling magazines required an endless stream of stories, book reviews, and essays.

Since the majority of nineteenth century magazine articles were unsigned, many aspiring female writers turned to journalism to develop their writing skills anonymously. Both Elizabeth Barrett Browning and George Eliot, for example, wrote for journals before publishing their own works.

continue to Activism

early role models
entering the literary market
learned poets
getting into print
charlotte bronte and george eliot
sin and sensation
new women
L.T. Meade
the three volume format
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