Appleton Company Records

Collection Number: 6516

Kheel Center for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives, Cornell University Library


DESCRIPTIVE SUMMARY

Title:
Appleton Company Records, 1815-1925
Collection Number:
6516
Creator:
Appleton Company
Quantity:
2.7 linear ft.
Forms of Material:
Account books, correspondence, daybooks, records (documents), minutes.
Repository:
Kheel Center for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives, Cornell University Library
Abstract:
Records, correspondence and daybooks of the Appleton mills in Lowell, MA.
Language:
Collection material in English


ORGANIZATIONAL HISTORY

Incorporated in 1828 by members of the Proprietors of Locks and Canals, among whom William and Nathan Appleton, John Lowell, Jr., William Sturgis and Thomas Perkins served as officers, the Appleton Company occupied two mills on the Hamilton Canal in Lowell. In 1832, the mill employed 480 operatives and had 400 looms and 11,776 spindles producing 520,000 yards of sheeting, shirtings and drillings annually. By 1874 there were 764 looms and 27,568 spindles. Operations ceased at the Lowell site in the early 1920s. J. P. Stevens Company purchased the surviving South Carolina division in 1925.

COLLECTION DESCRIPTION

Contains one production volume of an inventory of stock and finished goods, two daybooks, and a one volume copybook addition to Superintendent George Motley's correspondence, minutes of meetings of stockholders, and petitions submitted. Also contains deeds; patent assignments; insurance agreements; mill construction records; property, machinery, and power plant files; information files concerning New England mills; papers concerning the Proprietors of Locks & Canals; incoming correspondence to treasurer; incoming correspondence to Nathan Appleton. Also lists of goods purchased, contracts, employee information files, wages and payrolls, overseers' records, statements of cloth manufactured, spinning records, and weaving records.
PROCESSING INFORMATION:

Collection consists of two ATHM acquisitions, MSS 206 and MSS 314, which had been merged by the Museum. The Museum's intellectual order has been maintained, however the materials have been re-boxed for more efficient access and storage. Three folders which contained photocopies of documents contained in other folders in the collections were de-accessioned and the photocopies added to the folders with the originals.
SUBJECTS

Names:
Appleton, Nathan, 1779-1861
Appleton, William, 1747-1785
Lowell, John, Jr.
Motley, George.
Perkins, Thomas.
Sturgis, William, 1782-1863
Appleton Company.
J.P. Stevens & Co.
Proprietors of the Locks and Canals on Merrimack River.
Suffolk Manufacturing Company (Lowell, Mass.)

Subjects:
Boardinghouses
Business records
Cotton manufacture
Cotton technology, General
Drills (cloth)
Hours of labor
Industries
Labor records
Manufacturers' agents
Mill agents
Mill superintendents
Minutes.
Overseers
Payrolls
Personnel records
Petitions
Sheeting (Textile fabric)
Shirting (Textile fabric)
Strikes and lockouts
Ten hour movement
Textile industry
Textile workers
Wages

Form and Genre Terms:
Account books
Correspondence
Daybooks
Records (documents)
Minutes


INFORMATION FOR USERS

Access Restrictions:
Access to the collections in the Kheel Center is restricted. Please contact a reference archivist for access to these materials.
Restrictions on Use:
This collection must be used in keeping with the Kheel Center Information Sheet and Procedures for Document Use.
Cite As:
Appleton Company Records #6516. Kheel Center for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives, Cornell University Library.
SERIES LIST

Series I. ORGANIZATION AND ADMINISTRATION
Sub-Series A. BOARD OF DIRECTORS AND STOCKHOLDERS RECORDS
Sub-Series B. LEGAL AND PROPERTY
Series II. EXECUTIVE
Series III. FINANCIAL
Series IV. PURCHASING
Series V. SALES
Series VI. LABOR
Series VII. PRODUCTION

CONTAINER LIST

Container
Description
Date
Box 1 Folder 1 1827-1925
Early proprietors records and act of incorporation; list of company officers from 1828-1888
Box 1 Folder 2 1841
Box 1 Folder 3 1842
By Mr. Cary. October 1842.
Box 2 Folder 13 1832
December 31, 1832.
Box 1 Folder 4 1843
December 12, 1843.
Box 1 Folder 5 1846
June 16, 1846.
Box 1 Folder 6 1857
April 1, 1857.
Box 1 Folder 7 1857
September 20, 1857.
Box 1 Folder 8 1861
April 1, 1861.
Box 1 Folder 9 1867
June 25, 1867.
Box 1 Folder 10 1834
February 1834. Requests Appleton weavers to join their strike.
Box 1 Folder 11 1835
July 8, 1835.
Box 1 Folder 12
After 1835.
Box 1 Folder 13 1867
February 11, 1867.
Box 1 Folder 14 1827
May 30, 1827. Circular by Proprietors of Locks and Canals.
Box 2 Folder 9 1839
January 2, 1839; January 12, 1839; January 28, 1839
Box 1 Folder 15 1854
June 15, 1854.
Box 1 Folder 16 1856
March 24, 1986.
Box 1 Folder 17 1904
February 25, 1904.
Box 2 Folder 1 1826-1833
April 29, 1826 and August 10, 1833.
Box 2 Folder 2 1836
November 10, 1836
Box 2 Folder 3 1843
June 24, 1843.
Box 2 Folder 4 1843
November 29, 1843.
Box 1 Folder 18 1845
June 1, 1845.
Box 2 Folder 5 1853
Box 1 Folder 19 1854
June 13, 1854.
Box 1 Folder 20 1856
January 19, 1856.
Box 1 Folder 21 1859
June 11, 1859.
Box 1 Folder 22 1862
November 3, 1862.
Box 1 Folder 23 1870-1886
November 3, 1870: Surplus water power at Lowell; January 7, 1875: Regulations under which surplus water power is permitted to be used; February 17, 1885: Report of Committee on Surplus Power; February 17, 1885: Charges for the surplus power used in 1881;
Box 1 Folder 24 1873
April 1, 1873.
Box 1 Folder 25 1875
December 31, 1875.
Box 1 Folder 26 1896
April 17, 1896.
Box 1 Folder 27 1920
July 3, 1920.
Box 2 Folder 6 1828
February 15, 1828.
Box 2 Folder 7 1835
April 1, 1835.
Box 1 Folder 28 1836
May 17, 1836.
Box 1 Folder 29 1848
September 28, 1848
Box 2 Folder 8 1849
March 13, 1849.
Box 1 Folder 30 1851
May 23, 1851.
Box 1 Folder 31 1854
September 1, 1854.
Box 1 Folder 32 1852
June 24, 1852.
Box 1 Folder 33 1858
May 29, 1858.
Box 1 Folder 34 1858
October 4, 1858.
Box 1 Folder 35 1860-1875
April 20, 1860; August 21, 1860; December 2, 1861; February 10 1862; April 16, 1874; October 27, 1874; February 8, 1875; April 12, 1875.
Box 1 Folder 36 1861
May 14, 1861.
Box 1 Folder 37 1863
September 26, 1863.
Box 1 Folder 38 1865
December 28, 1865.
Box 1 Folder 39 1865
December 28, 1865.
Box 1 Folder 40 1866
September 26, 1866.
Box 1 Folder 41 1866
December 6, 1866.
Box 1 Folder 42 1868
May 25, 1868.
Box 1 Folder 43 1870
May 13, 1870.
Box 1 Folder 44 1870
June 23, 1870.
Box 1 Folder 45 1872-1873
June 15, 1872 and June 24, 1873.
Box 1 Folder 46 1882
June 14,1882.
Box 1 Folder 47 1885
June 1, 1885.
Box 1 Folder 48 1881
July 21, 1881. Oliver Pearl Spinning Patents.
Box 1 Folder 49 1870-1880
Circa 1870s.
Box 1 Folder 50 1910
September 10, 1910.
Box 1 Folder 51 1902
December 16, 1902. Case nos. 1617 and 1620. Index to page 200.
Box 1 Folder 52 1902
December 16, 1902. Case nos. 1617 and 1620. Pages 201 to page 399.
Box 1 Folder 53 1902
December 16, 1902. Case nos. 1617 and 1620. Pages 400 to page 599.
Box 1 Folder 54 1902
December 16, 1902. Case nos. 1617 and 1620. Pages 600 to page 799.
Box 1 Folder 55 1902
December 16, 1902. Case nos. 1617 and 1620. Pages 800 to page 999.
Box 1 Folder 56 1902
December 16, 1902. Case nos. 1617 and 1620. Pages 1000 to page 1180 (end).
Box 1 Folder 57 1842
For six months ending May 1842.
Box 1 Folder 58 1843
For six months ending May 27, 1843.
Box 1 Folder 59 1843
March 1843. Broken down y Department.
Box 1 Folder 60 1844
Box 1 Folder 61 1867
For six months ending March 25, 1867.
Box 1 Folder 62 1868
January through April 1868.
Box 1 Folder 63 1867-1870
Box 1 Folder 64 1871-1872
Box 1 Folder 65 1850
June 14, 1850.
Box 1 Folder 66 1855
August 11, 1855.
Box 1 Folder 67 1859
September 15, 1859.
Box 1 Folder 68 1864
November 2, 1864.
Box 1 Folder 69 1864
December 7, 1864.
Box 1 Folder 70 1871
August 8, 1871.
Box 1 Folder 71 1871
August 8, 1871.
Box 1 Folder 72 1871
September 22, 1871.
Box 1 Folder 73 1873
November 6, 1873.
Box 1 Folder 74 1877
July 26, 1877.
Box 1 Folder 75 1877
October 1, 1877.
Box 2 Folder 10 1884
December 6, 1884.
Box 1 Folder 76 1827
Box 1 Folder 77 1828
October 9, 1828. To be used in Appleton.
Box 1 Folder 78 1828
October 21, 1828.
Box 1 Folder 79 1828
December 27, 1828. Account of bricks received and used.
Box 1 Folder 80 1829
May 30, 1829.
Box 1 Folder 81 1829
June 1829.
Box 1 Folder 82 1829
November 1829.
Box 1 Folder 83 1829
December 17, 1829.
Box 1 Folder 84 1830
January 10, 1830.
Box 1 Folder 85 1830
July 26, 1830.
Box 1 Folder 86 1830
December 2, 1830.
Box 1 Folder 87
No Date.
Box 1 Folder 88
No Date.
Box 1 Folder 89 1837
July 22, 1837.
Box 1 Folder 90 1839
July 19, 1839.
Box 1 Folder 91 1840
March 28, 1840. Especially water pipes to tenements.
Box 1 Folder 92 1844
April 1844.
Box 1 Folder 93 1844
July 5, 1844.
Box 2 Folder 11 1844
Box 1 Folder 94 1845
October 25, 1845.
Box 1 Folder 95 1845
December 16, 1845.
Box 1 Folder 96 1844-1845
Box 1 Folder 97 1854
November 29, 1854.
Box 1 Folder 98 1859
April 11 and May 9, 1859. Measurements of excavation, Cement, and dry wall.
Box 1 Folder 99
Circa 1840-1860.
Box 1 Folder 100 1861
March 23, 1861.
Box 2 Folder 12 1861
June 18, 1861
Box 1 Folder 101 1868
December 19, 1868.
Box 1 Folder 102 1912
April 23, 1912.
Box 1 Folder 103 1915-1916
December 20, 1915 and January 11, 1916.
Box 2 Folder 14 1831
Box 3 Folder 1 1832
November 1832.
Box 2 Folder 15 1838
December 21, 1838.
Box 3 Folder 2 1839
May 1839.
Box 3 Folder 3 1842
Box 3 Folder 4 1843
January 1843. Before alteration.
Box 3 Folder 5 1844
February 1844. Also number of workers in each department.
Box 3 Folder 6 1844
March 1844.
Box 3 Folder 7 1845
February 13, 1845.
Box 3 Folder 8 1845
March 27, 1845.
Box 3 Folder 9 1845
June 13, 1845.
Box 3 Folder 10 1845
December 1, 1845.
Box 3 Folder 11 1845
Box 3 Folder 12 1845
Box 3 Folder 13 1846
January 3, 1846.
Box 3 Folder 14 1846
December 27, 1846.
Box 3 Folder 15 1846
Box 2 Folder 16 1847
Box 3 Folder 16 1849
January 1, 1849.
Box 2 Folder 17 1851
March 1, 1851
Box 3 Folder 17 1853
December 7, 1953.
Box 3 Folder 18 1854
August 25, 1854.
Box 3 Folder 19
Circa 1854-1855.
Box 3 Folder 20 1855
January through September 1855.
Box 3 Folder 21 1865
June 1865.
Box 3 Folder 22 1866
February 10, 1866.
Box 3 Folder 23 1875
January 1875.
Box 3 Folder 24 1875
July 28, 1875.
Box 3 Folder 25 1877
June through October 1877.
Box 3 Folder 26 1901
Box 3 Folder 27
No Date.
Box 3 Folder 28 1842
February 1, 1842.
Box 3 Folder 29
Box 3 Folder 30 1828
February 1828.
Box 3 Folder 31 1828
September 15, 1828.
Box 3 Folder 32 1829
January 19, 1829. Regarding rotative fire engine (water pump).
Box 3 Folder 33 1829
January 29, 1829
Box 3 Folder 34 1832
July 1832.
Box 3 Folder 35 1834
December 31, 1834.
Box 3 Folder 36 1841
March 11, 1841.
Box 3 Folder 37 1842
September 1842. Wages, costs, machinery, etc.
Box 3 Folder 38 1842
September 1842. Machinery, cost of cloth, etc.
Box 3 Folder 39 1842
Costs.
Box 3 Folder 40 1843
Box 3 Folder 41 1843
Box 3 Folder 42 1845
June 12, 1845.
Box 3 Folder 43 1815
Sizing report sent to Francis Lowell 1815; cost of Waltham BMC cloth 1828; wages paid at Nashua, NH 1828; fire engine circular 1829; fire precautions at Merrimack Mfg. Co. 1832; average wages at Hamilton Mfg. Co. 1832; list of machinery in Jackson Mills,
Box 3 Folder 44 1831-1841
June 1831 through June 1841. Months of June only.
Box 3 Folder 45 1844
Box 3 Folder 46 1846
December 26, 1846.
Box 3 Folder 47 1848
February 28, 1848.
Box 3 Folder 48 1848
July 1, 1848.
Box 3 Folder 49 1845
October 7, 1845. Note concerning donation to Third Baptist Society.
Box 3 Folder 50 1862
October 30, 1862. Investment of the assets of the company during the Civil War.
Box 3 Folder 51 1914
September 18, 1914. From Proprietors of Locks and Canals regarding railroad track maintenance.
Box 3 Folder 52 1853
September 2, 1853. From Treasurer regarding the 10-Hour Movement.
Box 3 Folder 53 1861
January 2, 1861. Resignation of William B. Bacon as Treasurer.
Box 3 Folder 54 1840
June 3, 1840. Notifying Motley of his election to Board of Trustees of the Lowell Hospital Association.
Box 3 Folder 55 1846
January 9, 1846. Character reference by Motley for Appleton overseer, Richard Tripp.
Box 3 Folder 56 1847
March 31, 1847. Character reference by Motley for former Appleton clerk, Mr. Metcalf.
Box 3 Folder 57 1852
February 9, 1852. To J. W. Paige and Company regarding shortage in bale of cloth.
Box 3 Folder 58 1857
May 16, 1857. To Hobbs regarding the "Hayden patent regulator for drawing."
Box 3 Folder 59 1859
August 6, 1859. To William B. Bacon regarding cotton shipments and prices.
Box 3 Folder 60 1860
January 20, 1860. From F. F. Battles regarding amount of cotton used by Massachusetts Cotton Mills, Lowell, MA.
Box 3 Folder 61 1862
November 19, 1862. From James B. Francis regarding leather belting.
Box 3 Folder 62 1867
December 14, 1867. From Edward S. Dodge regarding license prices.
Box 3 Folder 63 1869
October 13, 1869. From James Manes and Son regarding waterproofing recipe.
Box 3 Folder 64
No Date. Directions for covering boilers with felt.
Box 3 Folder 65 1831
December 14, 1831. From agent, P. T. Jackson, regarding bill for repairs.
Box 3 Folder 66 1844-1869
Letter book
Box 3 Folder 67 1838
March 15, 1838. Regarding yarn sizing.
Box 3 Folder 68 1843
July 10, 1843. To John Clark, regarding City Hall appointments to charity board.
Box 3 Folder 69 1843-1869
August 30, 1843; November 25, 1865; November 30, 1969.
Box 3 Folder 70 1870
September through October 1870.
Box 3 Folder 71 1870
October 1870.
Box 4 Folder 1 1831-1833
May 30, 1831 through June 29, 1833. Includes entries for goods received and shipped, also hours of employees spent apparently on repairs.
Box 4 Folder 2 1833-1836
December 2, 1933 through March 29, 1836. Includes entries for goods received and shipped, also hours of employees spent apparently on repairs.
Box 3 Folder 72 1871
August 8, 1871. Items in June and July cash.
Box 3 Folder 73 1843
August 32, 1843.
Box 3 Folder 74 1867-1870
Includes March 1867, every month of 1868 (except March), January and December 1869, and April 1870.
Box 3 Folder 75 1835-1847
May 1, 1835; May 2, 1844; May 24, 1847.
Box 3 Folder 76 1836-1842
September 26, 1836; January 10, 1837; March 1, 1842; July 1, 1842; September 13, 1842 (2).
Box 3 Folder 77 1830
January and February 1830. Coal and wood used in furnaces and boilers.
Box 3 Folder 78 1832
February 25, 1832. Trial of wood and coal.
Box 3 Folder 79 1832
June 30, 1832. Oil used in Hamilton and Appleton for the twelve months prior.
Box 3 Folder 80 1830-1831
February 2, 1831. Wood sued in furnaces beginning Monday November 29, 1830. May 1831. Memo of fuel use from May 1830 to May 1831.
Box 3 Folder 81 1841
August 25, 1841. Cost of coal sent to Appleton.
Box 3 Folder 82 1867
November 30. 1867. Cost of cotton for previous six months.
Box 3 Folder 83
Circa 1830. Cost of whale oil lamp wicks.
Box 3 Folder 84
Prices of Socket Lamps
Box 3 Folder 85
Articles charged to General Expense.
Box 3 Folder 86 1831
January 15, 1831.
Box 3 Folder 87 1867
November 11, 1867; November 12, 1867; November 13, 1867.
Box 3 Folder 88 1898
February 24, 1898; February 25, 1898; February 28, 1898.
Box 3 Folder 89 1868
February 7, 1868; May 1968; July 9, 1868; November 30, 1868; December 1868.
Box 3 Folder 90 1869
February 20, 1869; May 10, 1869; July 12, 1869.
Box 3 Folder 91 1870-1871
May 13, 1870; May 31, 1870; February 28, 1871; April 11, 1871
Box 3 Folder 92 1868-1871
Eleven sales statements.
Box 3 Folder 93 1829
Box 3 Folder 94 1834
Box 3 Folder 95 1845-1853
Photocopies from Superintendent's Letter Book. See Box 3: ff.66.
Box 3 Folder 96 1829
September 26, 1829.
Box 3 Folder 97 1829
September 11, 1829.
Box 3 Folder 98 1829
September 26, 1829.
Box 2 Folder 18
Circa 1830.
Box 2 Folder 19 1839
December 1839; May 1839.
Box 3 Folder 99 1842
October 28, 1842. Piece rates.
Box 3 Folder 100 1829-1846
Box 2 Folder 20 1836
Box 3 Folder 101 1836
Box 3 Folder 102 1850-1855
Boardinghouse allowances 1850-1855, number of persons employed by Appleton who did or did not attend meeting ca 1855.
Box 3 Folder 103 1829-1841
Raw materials and finished cloth, production totals by brand.
Box 3 Folder 104 1831-1842
November 26, 1831; November 1842.
Box 3 Folder 105 1844
May 25, 1844.
Box 3 Folder 106 1867-1868
December 7, 1867 through May 30, 1868.
Box 3 Folder 107
No date.
Box 3 Folder 108 1842-1843
May 28, 1842. Memo of Bobbins. June 1843. Yarn twist and number of turns.
Box 2 Folder 21
Circa 1830. Memoranda on speeding up of Mill no.2
Box 3 Folder 109 1831
March 19, 1831. Memoranda on difference in production between looms at high and common speed.
Box 3 Folder 110 1914
April 10, 1914. E. Dean Walen.