Leonard Scott Union Prevention and Counter-Union Campaign Consulting Files

Collection Number: 6474

Kheel Center for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives, Cornell University Library


DESCRIPTIVE SUMMARY

Title:
Leonard Scott Union Prevention and Counter-Union Campaign Consulting Files, 1966-2013
Collection Number:
6474
Creator:
Scott, Leonard;
West Coast Industrial Relations Association (WCIRA)
Quantity:
1 linear ft.
Forms of Material:
Records (documents) .
Repository:
Kheel Center for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives, Cornell University Library
Abstract:
This collection consists of union-prevention training materials, files from counter-union campaigns, and other anti-union consulting records. These records were collected by Leonard C. Scott, a Cornell University, ILR School alumnus and human resources consultant. The materials were collected between 1966 and 2013. Leonard C. Scott specialized in combatting union organizing and in developing programs to keep companies operating in a union-free environment. The collection consists of various anti-union campaign material from various companies and relevant articles.
Language:
Collection material in English, Spanish


BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE

Leonard C. Scott was a human resources professional and an anti-union advocate, based mostly in Illinois and later Texas. He had been a corporate human resources and labor relations executive, providing consulting services to a broad range of American and foreign owned companies. He also taught business and human resources management courses at several colleges. He appeared on a number of radio talk shows, wrote articles in various magazines and made presentations at national and international professional and trade associations.
Leonard C. Scott received a B.A. in Economics from the University of Illinois, a Master's degree in Economics from Northwestern University, and was a PhD candidate at Cornell University's ILR School. He served as a graduate student assistant to Prof. Milton R. Konvitz, in 1963, but he did not complete his doctoral program.
During his career, Mr. Scott worked in the field of human resources consulting and union prevention/counter-union services. He was the Labor Relations Manager at Union Carbide's Crystal Products Plant in East Chicago, Indiana, during the collective bargaining strike (1966-1967), against Union Carbide Corporation by the Chemical Workers Union, the United Steel Workers Union, and the Oil, Chemical, and Atomic Workers Union (OCAW). He developed an "Inclusive Capitalism" program at the PSN Corporation, a manufacturer of industrial fasteners, in Elk Grove, Illinois. In the 1970s, Mr. Scott worked for West Coast Industrial Relations Association (WCIRA), the second largest anti-union firm during the 1970s and 1980s. He was the head of its Mid-America Employee Relations Association (MERA) division in Oak Brook, Illinois, until WCIRA ceased operations and MERA went out of business. At that time, he continued to operate a consulting business under Leonard Scott & Company in the areas of union prevention, executive search, and human resource consulting for foreign companies starting up in the US. Domestically, he collaborated with a number of companies in various industries, such as healthcare, energy, and food. Several of his major foreign company clients were Arthur Young & Co. (UK), Marazzi Ceramica, (Italy), Ericsson Telecom (Sweden), Uddeholm Steel (Sweden), and Delta Daily Foods (Canada).
Mr. Scott believed that corporate human resources could help employees. However, in the 1980s, 1990s and beyond, he discovered that more and more manufacturers, who successfully blocked union organizing among their employees, eschewed the recommendations of their union avoidance campaign consultants. He also found that the in-house human resources managers failed to set up positive employee relations programs after they successfully defeated unionization attempts. Instead, manufacturing companies began to offshore their production operations, as well as to reduce the number of employees.
Mr. Scott's parents were union members in the 1920s and 30s in Chicago, IL. His mother, Lottie Czarnecki, was a member of Local 1031, International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers A.F. of L. His father, Thaddes Czarnecki, was an organizer for the American Bakery & Confectionery Workers' International Union AFL-CIO in the 1930s.

COLLECTION DESCRIPTION

Inclusive date range: 1966-2013
Bulk dates: 1975-1980
The collection consists of reports, questionnaires, letters, programs, articles and newspaper clippings, memorandums, books, event records, handwritten notes, and pamphlets related to counter-union campaign activities, mostly between 1966 and 1985. The collection documents Scott's important counter-union campaigns, with examples of similar cases.
More specifically, the collection contains a copy of the Daily Strike Record of the OCAW strike at the Union Carbide Crystal Products Plant in East Chicago, Indiana, with relevant announcements and handwritten notes. The collection also includes a letter, news clippings and other records related to the Hood River Memorial Hospital counter-union campaign. One of the significant organizations represented in these files is the West Coast Industrial Relations Association (WCIRA). The collection contains records related to the WCIRA Industrial Relations Audit program; records about the organization's campaign procedures; copies of WCIRA reports to clients on establishing positive employee relations programs; WCIRA materials used in counter-union campaign marked "Campaign Information;" and, WCIRA internal materials sent from headquarters to consultants in the field marked "Campaigns."
The collection also contains pamphlets about the role of a supervisor and pressures in today's workplace; explanation of the legal case Sioux Products v. National Labor Relations Board; memoranda, notes, correspondence, articles, and other records from the Law Offices of Warren C. Ogden. There are also memoranda, newspaper clippings, and other records of counter-union activities in different industries. The collection also includes reports of sessions with employees to air complaints, called "ventilation meetings" for various companies. Moreover, there is a variety of counter-union campaign material samples, created by Leonard Scott and Company. Finally, the collection includes two books, Leonard C. Scott wrote about the PSN Corporation's "Inclusive Capitalism" program, as well as miscellaneous newspaper clippings and articles regarding counter-union campaigns, union avoidance, strikes and more.
PROCESSING INFORMATION:

Collection processed by intern Eirva Diamessis as part of the requirements for reciept of a Master of Library Science.
SUBJECTS

Names:
Scott, Leonard
Long, Fred.
Ogden, Warren C.
West Coast Industrial Relations Association (WCIRA)
Leonard Scott and Company
United States. National Labor Relations Board.
Oil, Chemical, and Atomic Workers International Union
Labor Relations Reporters.
Office and Professional Employees International Union.
Labor Relations Association. Inc.
Industrial Relations, Inc.

Subjects:
Union busting
United States. National Labor Relations Act
Labor unions--Organizing
Supervisors
Strikes
Chemical industry--Employees--Labor unions
Hospitals--Employees
Hispanic American professional employees
Chemical workers--United States.
Human Resources
Industrial relations--Research--United States.
Personnel management--United States.
Anti-union campaign
Inclusive Capitalism

Form and Genre Terms:
Records (documents)


INFORMATION FOR USERS

Access Restrictions:
Access to the collections in the Kheel Center is restricted. Please contact a reference archivist for access to these materials.
Restrictions on Use:
This collection must be used in keeping with the Kheel Center Information Sheet and Procedures for Document Use.
Cite As:
Leonard Scott Union Prevention and Counter-Union Campaign Consulting Files #6474. Kheel Center for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives, Cornell University Library.

CONTAINER LIST

Container
Description
Date
Box 1 Folder 1 1966
Box 1 Folder 1 1966-1967
Format: Text
Eight month long (August 18, 1966 to March 27, 1967) coordinated bargaining strike against Union Carbide Corporation by the Chemical Workers Union, the United Steel Workers Union, and the Oil, Chemical, and Atomic Workers Union (OCAW). .
Box 1 Folder 1 1966
Format: Text
Announcement about the beginning of a strike. Involved parties: ARA Company; Oxygen Plant Company, Speedway Factory, National Labor Relations Board (NLRB).
Box 1 Folder 1 1966-1967
Format: Text
Typed, drafted notes on Carbide Strike and negotiations between the company and the unions. .
Box 1 Folder 2
Box 1 Folder 2
Format: Pamphlet
Table of Contents: Pre-campaign activities and preparations, NLRB; Planning; Strategy; Legal considerations; Meetings and other material. .
Box 1 Folder 2 1976
Format: Letter
Letter to the Hood River Memorial Hospital with promotional material against the Union (November 9, 1976). Attachments: Official announcement of the company to the employees about an attached Memorandum and Agreement by and between Retail Clerks Union, Local 800 and HRMH Employees. Additional, supportive material: A Personalized Bank-Book of Benefits For Valley Hospital Employees. A record with title "Negotiations: What is truth?" An example from a similar case with title "What the U.A.W. did for Robertshaw Employees." Memos to Fellows Employees from the PAN American Gyro-Tex. The Constitution of International Union, United Steelworkers of America. Facts about Negotiations and The Teamsters. Newspaper clippings with related cases and other negotiation papers.
Box 1 Folder 3
Box 1 Folder 3
Format: Text
Confidential Pre-Audit Questionnaire.
Box 1 Folder 3 1979
Format: Letter
Correspondence from the Executive Vice President of the WCIRA to the Director of Personnel of Hoag Memorial Hospital Presbyterian in Newport Beach, California (February 28, 1979). It presents a Three-Phase Employee Relations Audit Program developed by WRICA, focused on health care and industrial facilities throughout the US. .
Box 1 Folder 3 1977
Format: Text
It summarizes WCIRA's findings on the evaluation of Fabricators Division, Seattle, Washington. July 5, 1977.
Box 1 Folder 4
Box 1 Folder 4 1978
Format: Pamphlet
Published by the West Coast Industrial Relations (WCIR), Center for Management and Development.
Box 1 Folder 5
Box 1 Folder 5
Format: Pamphlet
Training manual for supervisors, containing sections: Interviewing and Selection; Discipline and Discharge; Managing the Marginal Employee; Motivation; Training and Orientation; Performance Appraisal.
Box 1 Folder 6
Box 1 Folder 6 1979
Format: Text
Memorandum to all consultants, presenting the ways an employer is able to determine a union's majority status. May 21, 1979. .
Box 1 Folder 6 1978
Format: Text
September 16, 1978.
Box 1 Folder 6 2018
Format: Text
September 24, 2018.
Box 1 Folder 6 1981
Format: News clipping
January 12, 1981.
Box 1 Folder 6 1979
Format: Text
A Memorandum to all consultants related to the employers' negotiations with the Union, with an example case. June 18, 1979.
Box 1 Folder 6 1979
Format: Text
A Memorandum to all consultants related to Bargaining-From-Scratch Statements, as a technique to prevent employers from violate the Labor Management Relations Act (LMRA), with relevant documentation. April 10, 1979.
Box 1 Folder 6 1978
Format: Pamphlet
Published by The Conference Board, Information Bulletin. August 1974, number 44. .
Box 1 Folder 6
Format: Pamphlet
Box 1 Folder 6 1978
Format: Text
A Memorandum to all consultants on how to toll employers' back pay liability. September 12, 1978. .
Box 1 Folder 6
Format: Letter
To all WCIRA Consultants (ca. 1980).
Box 1 Folder 6 1979
Format: Letter
To all WCIRA Consultants. With an attached 102 LRRM about the Arrow Molded Plastics Inc., from Ohio.
Box 1 Folder 6 1979
Format: Letter
With a name list with all consultants distribution. July 20, 1979.
Box 1 Folder 6 1979
Format: Letter
Schlachter Meat Company. August 26, 1978.
Box 1 Folder 7
Box 1 Folder 7 1979
Format: Letter
Included articles: Hauser, Dedra. "The Union-Busting Hustle: Pinkertons with bats have been replaced by consultants with psychological weapons," The New Republic, August 25, 1979; Warren, James, Kelly J. Brian. "Law memo," Chicago Sun Times, July 16, 1979; "AFL-CIO Attack, On Labor Consultants," Labor Relations Reporters. April 16, 1979.
Box 1 Folder 7 1975-1977
Format: Pamphlet
A list of industries, with location information and when defeated/or stopped drive the relevant union.
Box 1 Folder 7 1974
Format: Pamphlet
Teamsters Local 295 (New York, NY), relation to New York Mafia.
Box 1 Folder 7 1979
Format: Letter
Handwritten Letter.
Box 1 Folder 7 1979
Format: Letter
In re Misrepresentations Prior to Election.
Box 1 Folder 7 1979
Format: Letter
Correspondence with an attached statement from the company that protects employees' rights in participating or not, in an investigation conducted by the Company. .
Box 1 Folder 7 1979
Format: Letter
Attached, the example of the Johnny Poultry Act. .
Box 1 Folder 7 1979
Format: Letter
To all Consultants and Attorneys, with an attached distribution list. Attached articles: "On trial: A union's fairness," Business Week, August 13, 1979. "Unfunded Pension Liabilities: A Rein On Their Growth- For Now," Business Week, August 13, 1979. .
Box 1 Folder 8
Box 1 Folder 8 1980
Format: Text
House of Representatives, Ninety-sixth Congress, First and Second Session. Washington: U.S. G.P.O., 1980.
Box 1 Folder 9
Box 1 Folder 9 1981
Format: Letter
Regarding hiring employees and job posting. February 3, 1981. .
Box 1 Folder 9 1980
Format: Pamphlet
Table of Content: Supervisor Perception; (Hispanic and Non-Hispanic) Employee Complaints and Perceptions; Ventilation Recap & Findings; Recommendation.
Box 1 Folder 10
Box 1 Folder 10 2016
Format: Letter
A letter from Leonard Scott to Cheryl Beredo (the director of Kheel Center in 2016), with photocopies of the Explanation of the Sioux Products, Inc.v. NLRB. 703 Federal Reporter, 2d Series. pp.1010- 1019. .
Box 1 Folder 11
Box 1 Folder 11 1984
Format: Text
This study includes Employees Concerns, Recommendations and Action Plan and Benefits to Company. .
Box 1 Folder 11 1984
Format: Text
Full Version.
Box 1 Folder 12
Box 1 Folder 12
Format: Text
Box 1 Folder 12
Format: Pamphlet
Box 1 Folder 12 2006
Format: News clipping
Box 1 Folder 12 1978
Format: Pamphlet
An additional copy of the article: Fulmer E. William. "When employees want to oust their union". Harvard Business Review. March- April 1978. pp. 164-170. .
Box 1 Folder 12
Format: Text
Box 1 Folder 12
Format: Text
Box 1 Folder 12
Format: Pamphlet
Box 1 Folder 12 1960-1979
Format: Pamphlet
All unions.
Box 1 Folder 12
Format: Pamphlet
pp. 1103-1105.
Box 1 Folder 12
Format: Pamphlet
pp. 2737-2739.
Box 1 Folder 12
Format: Text
Handwritten notes.
Box 1 Folder 12
Format: Pamphlet
Box 1 Folder 12 1960-1978
Format: Pamphlet
Box 1 Folder 12
Format: Pamphlet
Box 1 Folder 12
Format: Text
Box 1 Folder 12
Format: Text
Box 1 Folder 13
Box 1 Folder 13
Format: Text
Box 1 Folder 13
Format: Pamphlet
Number 6. Unions and Profits.
Box 1 Folder 13
Format: Text
Box 1 Folder 13
Format: Pamphlet
Spanish language pamphlet.
Box 1 Folder 13 1999
Format: News clipping
The Wall Street Journal. Vol.Civ. No. 118. 1999, December 17.
Box 1 Folder 13
Format: Pamphlet
Box 1 Folder 13
Format: Pamphlet
Box 1 Folder 13
Format: Collective Bargaining Agreement (CBA)
Box 1 Folder 13 1973
Format: Pamphlet
Union Busting CheckList. Photocopies. September 1973.
Box 1 Folder 13
Format: News clipping
Box 1 Folder 13 1983
Format: News clipping
The El Paso Times, November 10, 1983. .
Box 1 Folder 13
Format: News clipping
Buffalo, NY.
Box 1 Folder 13
Format: News clipping
The Wall Street Journal. Youngstown, Ohio.
Box 1 Folder 13 1983
Format: News clipping
The Wall Street Journal. June 6, 1983. .
Box 1 Folder 14
Box 1 Folder 14
Format: Text
Website search results.
Box 1 Folder 14 1979
Format: Pamphlet
Reversal of NLRB's Certification of "Craft-Like" Bargaining Unit.
Box 1 Folder 14 1979
Format: News clipping
Article in Personnel Journal, in December 1979 with a handwritten note: Copy to Consultants. December 1979.
Box 1 Folder 14 1979
Format: News clipping
Mostly photocopies; Los Angeles Times; Union-financed study.
Box 1 Folder 14 1979
Format: News clipping
October 4, 1979.
Box 1 Folder 14 1980
Format: News clipping
Ritcahrdson Brothers Co. Sheboygan Falls, WI. December 19, 1979.
Box 1 Folder 14 1978
Format: News clipping
April 28, 1978.
Box 1 Folder 14
Format: Pamphlet
Box 1 Folder 14
Format: News clipping
Photocopy of an article; Union-Free enviroment.
Box 1 Folder 14 1980
Format: News clipping
Chicago Tribune. November 17, 1980.
Box 1 Folder 14
Format: Pamphlet
Box 1 Folder 14 1970-1978
Format: Pamphlet
Union Organizing facts, NLRB Elections by Union.
Box 1 Folder 14 1978
Format: News clipping
Photocopy; Industrial Week. August 8, 1978.
Box 1 Folder 14
Format: Pamphlet
Spanish language pamphlet in re Steelworkers' Elections on September 12, 1979.
Box 1 Folder 14 1975-1979
Format: News clipping
Various newspaper articles (photocopies). Campaign material about productivity, violence, strikes and labor disputes. New Orleans, Ohio, California, Kansas, Oregon, Texas. .
Box 1 Folder 14 1979
Format: Pamphlet
Dominician Cruz Hospital Election, Liberty Vinyl Elections. Fred Long was the founder of WCIRA. July 17, 1979.
Box 1 Folder 14
Format: Pamphlet
Against Teamsters and the election held on June 27, 1980. .
Box 1 Folder 14
Format: Pamphlet
About union "organizing processes." .
Box 1 Folder 14
Format: Pamphlet
What will happen if they vote in at Sioux Products. .
Box 1 Folder 14
Format: Pamphlet
Photocopy.
Box 1 Folder 14
Format: Pamphlet
Box 1 Folder 15
Box 1 Folder 15
Format: Pamphlet
Information for Voters in Labor Board Elections .
Box 1 Folder 15
Format: Pamphlet
61 LRRM pp. 2065-2066. Photocopies.
Box 1 Folder 15
Format: Pamphlet
pp.170-172. Photocopies.
Box 1 Folder 16
Box 1 Folder 16
Format: Text
Box 1 Folder 17
Box 1 Folder 17 1973
Format: Publication
S.A.M. Advanced Management Journal. Vol. 38, Number 4. 1973, October.
Box 1 Folder 18
Box 1 Folder 18 1985
Format: Publication
August 1985.
Box 1 Folder 19
Box 1 Folder 19 1985
Format: Publication
In Fire Protection Contraction. Vol. 1, No. 11. November 1985.
Box 1 Folder 20
Box 1 Folder 20 1985
Format: Publication
In Fire Protection Contraction. Vol.8, No. 12. December 1985.
Box 1 Folder 21
Box 1 Folder 21 2013
Format: Publication
Self-published book by Leonard C. Scott.
Box 1 Folder 22
Box 1 Folder 22 2013
Format: Publication
Self-published book by Leonard C. Scott.
Box 1 Folder 23
Box 1 Folder 23
Format: Pamphlet
West Coast Industrial Relations Association (WCIRA); Southwest Employee Relations Association (SERA); Mid-America Employee Relations Association .