Theodore W. Kheel Newspaper Clipping File

Collection Number: 6017

Kheel Center for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives, Cornell University Library


DESCRIPTIVE SUMMARY

Title:
Theodore W. Kheel Newspaper Clipping File, 1941-2002
Collection Number:
6017
Creator:
Kheel, Theodore W.
Quantity:
8 linear ft.
Forms of Material:
News clippings , records.
Repository:
Kheel Center for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives, Cornell University Library
Abstract:
Subject files and chronologically arranged, bound clippings.
Language:
Collection material in English


BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE

Theodore Woodrow Kheel was said to be named for both Woodrow Wilson and his political rival Theodore Roosevelt, the result of a compromise between his politically differing parents. The settlement presaged a career in which Kheel would be tapped by mayors, governors, and presidents to settle disputes that were part of the nation's major political and social transitions from post-World War II to well into the 21st century.
Born in 1914 in Brooklyn, Ted Kheel attended public high school in the Bronx. He was awarded a Regents scholarship to Cornell University, where he attended an accelerated undergraduate law school program permitting him to earn a bachelor's and law degree in six years.
In private practice for a brief time after graduation from law school, Kheel soon was offered a position as a National Labor Relations Board attorney in Washington. Kheel's special talents as a mediator and his obvious political skills soon gave him the opportunity to move to a new war-time agency, where he was initially hired as principal mediation officer. By 1944, he had been appointed executive director of the National War Labor Board, with a staff of 2,500 who were hearing 150 disputes a week. Kheel's work at the WLB introduced him to the most important figures in the labor movement and key government officials' contacts he would use effectively in the future.
Following the end of World War II, Kheel returned to New York City and was drafted by Mayor O'Dywer to serve in the city's new Labor Relations Division, which Kheel came to head within a year. With the agreement of the mayor, Kheel was able to serve both in this position and maintain a separate, private law practice.
In 1949, Kheel was appointed to a part-time position as impartial chairman for an important segment of public transit in New York City, a position in which he would render 30,000 decisions through 1982. Also in 1949, Kheel became a partner in the New York law firm Battle, Fowler, Jaffin and Kheel. His skills in conflict resolution led an observer to remark that the firm's work began with a battle, ended by Kheel.
During his more than half a century of involvement in labor matters, Kheel was known above all else for his extraordinary ability to get feuding parties to make concessions to reach an agreement. In the important New York and national labor disputes which he would be called to mediate, Kheel's approach was to protect management rights and at the same time demand fairness to workers while also trying to protect the public interest in the issue.
Kheel's was frequently the voice of reason in settling a number of extremely difficult labor disputes of the 1960s and 1970s. Mayor Robert F. Wagner, Jr., turned to Kheel to help end the 114-day newspaper strike of 1962-63. Among his most infamous cases was the strike involving Mike Quill, head of the Transport Workers Union, who publically battled Mayor John V. Lindsay in 1965-66. Kheel's efforts also included helping coordinate bargainers and mediators during the 35-day New York City teachers' strike in 1968. President Lyndon B. Johnson summoned Kheel to Washington in 1964 to help mediate 10 days of feverish negotiations that prevented a nationwide rail walkout. Kheel would ultimately serve as a mediator and advisor for virtually every New York mayor from O'Dwyer to Beame, for the Kennedy-Johnson Administration, and other presidential administrations as well.
Kheel's interests in public issues were not limited to the labor sector. The policy disputes that came to his attention as a mediator and lawyer frequently cried out for larger solutions, and Kheel was not averse to using his considerable public presence and media contacts to seek redress, especially for what he viewed as past institutional injustices or misguided government actions. Although pressed to do so on a number of occasions, Kheel refused to run for elective office, preferring the role of a labor neutral and public advocate.
Kheel was also not averse to backing his powers of persuasion with legal action: a fierce advocate for public transit, he initiated a class action lawsuit over the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey's refusal to fund mass rail transit. His most sustained crusade for the public good related to his battle to limit commuter auto traffic and control highway building in New York City in favor of increased use of public transportation. Initially attacked by Port Authority officials and some city, state, and federal politicians of both parties, many of the solutions originally proposed by Kheel, including the concept of the subsidized fare, became public policy in later years.
An early supporter of the civil rights movement, Kheel and his wife Ann become involved with the New York Urban League in the 1950s. He served as its president in 1955 and as national president for four years. He worked with President Johnson on race issues and with Martin Luther King, Jr., in a libel suit against the New York Times. Kheel's mediation skills led to important strides in hiring African Americans in the airline industry. His reputation for sensitivity to minority issues resulted in his becoming involved in efforts to add civilians to the New York City Police Review Board in 1965. Kheel was also recruited as a peacemaker in the 1968 Ocean Hill-Brownsville Teachers dispute.
Even though Kheel handled disputes for transit workers, typesetters, and longshoremen, he reveled in the finer things in life, and dabbled as a restaurateur in fine food and was a patron of the fine arts.
He once owned a stake in Le Pavillon, a leading French restaurant in Manhattan, among others. He also represented numerous artists, including Robert Rauschenberg and Christo, and was the prime mover in the realization of the long-heralded Gates Project in Central Park in 2005.
He also made millions of dollars as an entrepreneur while facilitating sustainable economic and social change. He was the lead investor in the giant Punta Cana resort, transforming 30 miles of jungle in the Dominican Republic, and helped bring about the airport that opened that country to tourists and travelers.
Finding the solution to problems such as the impact of automation on the workplace, community disputes, and protecting a sustainable environment in which mankind will flourish, to name but a few, were the focus of Kheel's interest, enthusiasm, and financial support. He was the prime mover, bringing along like-minded citizens and specialists, in the creation of organizations to find solutions to the more intractable issues facing society. The Foundation on Employee Health, Medical Care and Welfare, the Foundation on Automation and Employment (and its British counterpart), Automation House, the Institute for Mediation and Conflict Resolution, and the Earth Pledge Foundation were among the most successful of such efforts. In the same vein, in collaboration with Price, Waterhouse in 1994, Kheel formed Prevention and Early Resolution of Conflicts, Inc. (PERC), now housed at Cornell ILR as Cornell/PERC Institute.
A prolific writer, Kheel is perhaps best known for his encyclopedic work on labor law. Throughout a career that was active almost until his death at age 96 in November 2010, he was able to balance, with amazing success, advocacy of the public good and the management of a successful law and mediation practice and other business and cultural interests.
SUBJECTS

Names:
Kheel, Theodore Woodrow
American Foundation on Automation and Employment, Archives
Institute for Collective Bargaining and Group Relations, Archives
National Urban League, Archives
New York City Transit Authority, Archives
Pennsylvania State University, Archives

Subjects:
Strikes and lockouts, Newspapers
Strikes and lockouts, Police
Strikes and lockouts, Teachers
Strikes and lockouts, New York (State), New York
Arbitration, Industrial
Industrial relations
Civil rights
Conflict management
Armed Forces

Form and Genre Terms:
News clippings.
Records.


INFORMATION FOR USERS

Access Restrictions:
Access to the collections in the Kheel Center is restricted. Please contact a reference archivist for access to these materials.
Restrictions on Use:
This collection must be used in keeping with the Kheel Center Information Sheet and Procedures for Document Use.
Cite As:
Theodore W. Kheel Newspaper Clipping File #6017. Kheel Center for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives, Cornell University Library.

RELATED MATERIALS

Related Collections:
5024: Theodore W. Kheel Arbitration Awards
6021 AV: Theodore W. Kheel Audio-Visual Materials
6021: Theodore W. Kheel Records
6021 MB: Theodore W. Kheel Memorabilia
6021 P: Theodore W. Kheel Photographs
6059 OH: Thomas Shactman Interviews with Theodore W. Kheel
5776 AV: Theodore W. Kheel Interviews and Programs

CONTAINER LIST

Container
Description
Date
Box 1 Folder 1
Box 1 Folder 2 1962-1967
Box 1 Folder 3 1968-1973
Box 1 Folder 4 1951-1969
Box 1 Folder 5 1970-1989
Box 1 Folder 6
Box 1 Folder 7
Box 1 Folder 8
Box 1 Folder 9
Box 1 Folder 10
Box 1 Folder 11
Box 1 Folder 12
Box 1 Folder 13
Box 1 Folder 14
Box 1 Folder 15
Box 1 Folder 16 1953-1956
Box 1 Folder 17 1957-1963
Box 1 Folder 18 1965-1984
Box 1 Folder 19
Box 1 Folder 20 1967-1970
Box 1 Folder 21 1971-1976
Box 1 Folder 22
Box 1 Folder 23
Box 1 Folder 24
Box 1 Folder 25
Box 1 Folder 26 1956
Box 1 Folder 27 1957
Box 1 Folder 28 1957
Box 1 Folder 29 1958-1959
Box 1 Folder 30 1960
Box 1 Folder 31 1962-1964
Box 1 Folder 32 1962-1964
Box 1 Folder 33
Box 1 Folder 34 1962
Box 1 Folder 35
Box 1 Folder 36
Box 1 Folder 37 1968-1970
Box 1 Folder 38 1974
Box 1 Folder 39
Box 1 Folder 40
Box 1 Folder 41
Box 1 Folder 42
Box 1 Folder 43
Box 1 Folder 44
Box 1 Folder 45
Box 1 Folder 46
Box 1 Folder 47
Box 1 Folder 48
Box 1 Folder 49
Box 1 Folder 50
Box 1 Folder 51
Box 1 Folder 52
Box 1 Folder 53 1963
Montly Labor Review, September
Box 1 Folder 54
Box 1 Folder 55
Box 1 Folder 56 1946-1963
Box 1 Folder 57 1964-1967
Box 1 Folder 58 1968-1969
Box 1 Folder 59 1970-1980
Box 1 Folder 60 1968
Box 1 Folder 61 1969
Box 1 Folder 62 1971-1993
Box 1 Folder 63
Box 1 Folder 64
Box 1 Folder 65 1967-1969
Box 1 Folder 66 1970-1987
Box 1 Folder 67 1948-1965
Box 1 Folder 68 1966-1991
Box 1 Folder 69 1943-1958
Box 1 Folder 70 1959-1967
Box 1 Folder 71 1968-1970
Box 1 Folder 72 1971-1979
Box 1 Folder 73 1980-1993
Box 1 Folder 74
Box 1 Folder 75 1947-1963
Box 1 Folder 76 1963
Box 1 Folder 77
Box 1 Folder 78
Box 1 Folder 79
Box 1 Folder 80
Box 2 Folder 1
Box 2 Folder 2
Box 2 Folder 3
Box 2 Folder 4
Box 2 Folder 5 1957-1959
Box 2 Folder 6 1962-1963
Box 2 Folder 7 1963
August 10th-October16th
Box 2 Folder 8 1963-1964
Box 2 Folder 9 1964
August 3rd-December23rd
Box 2 Folder 10 1965
Box 2 Folder 11 1966-1973
Box 2 Folder 12
Box 2 Folder 13 1946-1947
Box 2 Folder 14 1948
January-June
Box 2 Folder 15
July-October
Box 2 Folder 16
November 1st-15th
Box 2 Folder 17
November 16th-December 27th
Box 2 Folder 18 1946
September 9th
Box 2 Folder 19 1946-1947
Box 2 Folder 20 1948
January-June
Box 2 Folder 21 1948
July-December
Box 2 Folder 22 1968-1973
Box 2 Folder 23 1974-1982
Box 2 Folder 24 1946-1967
Box 2 Folder 25 1968-1978
Box 2 Folder 26 1982
Box 2 Folder 27 1981-1989
Box 2 Folder 28 1947-1965
Box 2 Folder 29 1966-1979
Box 2 Folder 30 1993
Box 2 Folder 31
Box 2 Folder 32
Box 2 Folder 33
Box 2 Folder 34
Box 2 Folder 35
Box 2 Folder 36 1949
June 6th-July 20th
Box 2 Folder 37 1949
July 21st-November 29th
Box 2 Folder 38 1950
May 25th-December 29th
Box 2 Folder 39 1951
November
Box 2 Folder 40 1951
December
Box 2 Folder 41 1952-1953
Box 2 Folder 42 1954-1960
Box 2 Folder 43 1961
Box 2 Folder 44 1962
Box 2 Folder 45 1963-1964
Box 2 Folder 46 1965
July-December
Box 2 Folder 47 1965-1966
Box 2 Folder 48 1966
January 6th-January 11th
Box 2 Folder 49 1966
January 12th-26th
Box 2 Folder 50 1967
Box 2 Folder 51 1969-1971
Box 2 Folder 52 1973-1979
Box 2 Folder 53 1980-1981
Box 2 Folder 54
Box 2 Folder 55
Box 2 Folder 56
Box 2 Folder 57
Box 3 Folder 1 1963
Box 3 Folder 2 1965
March 20th-June 27th
Box 3 Folder 3 1965
June 30th-September 18th
Box 3 Folder 4 1965
September 18th-September 24th
Box 3 Folder 5 1965
September 25th-October 9th
Box 3 Folder 6 1965
October 10th-November 16th
Box 3 Folder 7 1966
Box 3 Folder 8 1967
March 11th-April 1st
Box 3 Folder 9 1967
April 1st-April 30th
Box 3 Folder 10 1967
May 1st-November 6th
Box 3 Folder 11 1968
Box 3 Folder 12 1970
March 24th-April 20th
Box 3 Folder 13 1970
April 21st-May 27th
Box 3 Folder 14 1970
June 27th-November 10th
Box 3 Folder 15 1973
Box 3 Folder 16 1974
Box 3 Folder 17 1975-1977
Box 3 Folder 18 1978
September 1st-September 30th
Box 3 Folder 19 1978
October 2nd-October 31st
Box 3 Folder 20 1978-1982
Box 3 Folder 21 1982
April 5th-May 25th
Box 3 Folder 22 1983
Box 3 Folder 23 1988
Box 3 Folder 24 1990
January 22nd-July31st
Box 3 Folder 25 1990
August 2nd-November 20th
Box 3 Folder 26 1990
November 20th-December 24th
Box 3 Folder 27 1990
Box 3 Folder 28 1990-1991
Box 3 Folder 29 1990-1991
Box 3 Folder 30 1991
Box 3 Folder 31
Box 3 Folder 32
Box 3 Folder 33
Box 3 Folder 34
Box 3 Folder 35 1966
Box 3 Folder 36
Box 3 Folder 37
Box 3 Folder 38 1964-1967
Box 3 Folder 39 1973
Box 3 Folder 40 1980-1983
Box 3 Folder 41
Box 3 Folder 42 1968
Box 3 Folder 43
Box 3 Folder 44
Box 3 Folder 45
Box 3 Folder 46 1963
Box 3 Folder 47 1965
Box 3 Folder 48 1966
Box 3 Folder 49 1967
Box 3 Folder 50 1968
Box 3 Folder 51 1969
Box 3 Folder 52 1970-1975
Box 3 Folder 53 1955-1963
Box 3 Folder 54 1965-1968
Box 3 Folder 55 1969
Box 3 Folder 56 1970
Box 3 Folder 57 1971-1973
Box 3 Folder 58 1974-1978
Box 3 Folder 59
Box 3 Folder 60 1971
Box 3 Folder 61 1973-1974
Box 3 Folder 62 1955-1957
Box 3 Folder 63 1958
Box 3 Folder 64 1965
Box 3 Folder 65 1969
Box 3 Folder 66 1970
Box 3 Folder 67 1971
Box 3 Folder 68 1972
Box 3 Folder 69 1962-1973
Box 3 Folder 70 1973
Box 3 Folder 71 1974-1981
Box 3 Folder 72
Box 3 Folder 73 1992
Box 3 Folder 74 1993-1994
Box 3 Folder 75
Box 3 Folder 76
Box 3 Folder 77 1971
Box 3 Folder 78
Box 3 Folder 79
Box 3 Folder 80 1942-1946
Box 3 Folder 81
Box 3 Folder 82
Box 3 Folder 83
Box 3 Folder 84
Box 3 Folder 85
Box 4 Folder 1 1941-1966
Box 5 Folder 1 1966-1970
Box 6 Folder 1 1970-1976
Box 7 Folder 1 1945-1980
Box 7 Folder 2 1977-1993
Box 7 Folder 3
Box 7 Folder 4 1941-1993
Box 19 Folder 1 1997-1999
binder of news clippings
Box 19 Folder 2 2000-2002
binder full of clippings