AFT Local 616 (Rochester, NY) Federation of Classroom Teachers Records

Collection Number: 5845

Kheel Center for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives, Cornell University Library


DESCRIPTIVE SUMMARY

Title:
AFT Local 616 (Rochester, NY) Federation of Classroom Teachers Records, 1929-1971
Collection Number:
5845
Creator:
American Federation of Teachers (AFT);
AFT Local 616;
Federation of Classroom Teachers
Quantity:
1 linear ft.
Forms of Material:
Records (documents).
Repository:
Kheel Center for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives, Cornell University Library
Language:
Collection material in English


ORGANIZATIONAL HISTORY

The American Federation of Teachers (AFT) was started in Chicago, with eight locals signing on as AFL president Samuel Gompers welcomed the union into its fold in 1916.
AFT grew quickly in the beginning, chartering 174 locals in its first four years. The years following World War I saw school boards pressuring and intimidating teachers to resign from the union.
As membership dropped in the 1920s, the union continued to fight for tenure laws and academic freedom of the teachers whose beliefs were being investigated by political committees during the 'Red scare" hysteria following WWI.
The Depression years were not much better, low salaries and economic insecurity were issues needing attention. Female teachers found themselves faced with "contracts which still stipulated that an employed teacher must wear skirts of certain lengths, keep her galoshes buckled, not receive gentleman callers more than three times a week and teach a Sunday School class," said the American Teacher magazine. In some cases teachers were dismissed for joining the AFT or for working on school board election campaigns.
By 1932, the Norris-La Guardia Act outlawed yellow dog contracts, which made teachers promise not to join the union.
Starting with WWII the AFT worked hard to push war bond sales, war relief and air raid programs in schools. After the war the AFT continued to fight to improve the conditions of the schools and their teachers.
In the 1950s, loyalty oaths started up again. The AFT continued work on the civil rights movement, filing an amicus curiae brief in the historic 1954 Supreme Court desegregation case Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, and expelling locals that had not followed an earlier mandate to desegregate.
During the 1960s, besides fighting for civil rights, the AFT and its affiliates worked at getting collective bargaining agreements with stubborn school boards. Also the first major strike by university professors in the United States and a one-day walkout by the United Federation of Teachers in New York City took place. Over 300 teacher strikes occurred throughout the country during the 10 years following the UFT's walkout. The national AFT grew from less than 60,000 members in 1960 to over 200,000 by the end of the decade.
SUBJECTS

Names:
American Federation of Teachers.
American Federation of Teachers. Local 616 (Rochester, N.Y.)

Subjects:
Teachers' unions--New York (State)--Rochester.

Form and Genre Terms:
Records (documents)


INFORMATION FOR USERS

Access Restrictions:
Access to the collections in the Kheel Center is restricted. Please contact a reference archivist for access to these materials.
Restrictions on Use:
This collection must be used in keeping with the Kheel Center Information Sheet and Procedures for Document Use.
Cite As:
AFT Local 616 (Rochester, NY) Federation of Classroom Teachers Records #5845. Kheel Center for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives, Cornell University Library.

CONTAINER LIST

Container
Description
Date
Box 1 Folder 1 1962-1964
Box 1 Folder 2 1969-1970
Box 1 Folder 3 1965
Box 1 Folder 4 1961-1963
Box 1 Folder 5 1961
Box 1 Folder 6 1961-1964
Box 1 Folder 7 1970
Box 1 Folder 8 1970-1971
Box 1 Folder 9 1967
Box 1 Folder 10 1965
Box 1 Folder 11 1961
Box 1 Folder 12 1964-1966
Box 1 Folder 13 1971
Box 1 Folder 14 1970
Box 1 Folder 15 1965-1970
Box 1 Folder 16 1960
Box 1 Folder 17 1964
Box 1 Folder 18 1961-1965
Box 1 Folder 19 1967
Box 1 Folder 20 1967
Box 1 Folder 21 1965
Box 1 Folder 22 1961
Box 1 Folder 23 1967
Box 1 Folder 24 1960-1964
Box 1 Folder 25
Box 1 Folder 26
Box 1 Folder 27 1963
Box 1 Folder 28 1969-1971
Box 1 Folder 29 1966-1967
Box 1 Folder 30 1967
Box 1 Folder 31 1956
Box 1 Folder 32 1970
Box 1 Folder 33 1959
Box 1 Folder 34 1964
Box 1 Folder 35 1969
Box 1 Folder 36 1962
Box 1 Folder 37 1967
Box 1 Folder 38 1964
2 Photographs
Box 1 Folder 39 1963
Box 1 Folder 40 1958
Box 1 Folder 41 1961
Box 1 Folder 42 1964
Box 1 Folder 43 1967-1968
Box 1 Folder 44 1961-1963
Box 1 Folder 45 1964
Box 1 Folder 46 1961
Box 1 Folder 47 1962-1964
Box 1 Folder 48 1929-1945
Box 1 Folder 49 1962
Box 1 Folder 50 1959