James A. Paddock Additional Papers

Collection Number: 5833

Kheel Center for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives, Cornell University Library

This collection was processed with the help of generous funding from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission (NHPRC).

James A. Paddock Additional Papers, 1954-1988
Collection Number:
Paddock, James A.
3 linear ft.
Forms of Material:
Papers (documents).
Kheel Center for Labor- Management Documentation and Archives, Cornell University Library
This collection consists of the papers of James A. Paddock, former president of the Order of Railway Conductors and Brakemen, documenting the industry-wide effort to curb drug and alcohol abuse in railroad operating employees.
Collection material in English


James A. Paddock spent his entire life working in the railroad industry. After completing his education at the University of San Francisco in 1937, he entered train service as a brakeman and switchman for the Bingham and Garfield Railway, part of the Kennecott Utah Copper rail line in Salt Lake County, Utah. He was promoted to conductor in 1941. Starting in 1938, Mr. Paddock became active with the Order of Railway Conductors [ORC] as a General Committee Member. In 1948, he accepted full-time employment as Assistant to the President of the International Union, headquartered in Cedar Rapids, Iowa. In 1954, he was elected to the office of Senior Vice-President, and in 1958 to the Office of President. During his tenure as president of ORC, he served on the Presidential Railroad Commission from 1959-1961. In 1961, Mr. Paddock retired from the ORC presidency in order to seek treatment for his alcoholism.
In 1963, Mr. Paddock returned to work in the railroad industry, joining the Association of Western Railways as a Special Representative to the Law Department, working on matters where labor and management had a mutual interest, such as safety on grade crossings. He retired from active railroad employment in 1970 because of a health issue.
In 1971, Mr. Paddock began training as a counselor specializing in alcohol and drug addiction. With his new training, Mr. Paddock began to work as an independent consultant in the area of industrial programs and other aspects involving alcohol and drug related research and development in the work place. In this capacity, he assisted the Milwaukee Road, the Illinois Central, and the Elgin, Joliet and Eastern Railway in setting up Employee Assistance Programs [EAP] and other services designed to improve safety and operations. In 1973, he began consulting for the Federal Railroad Administration in this capacity. He took part in two major studies of alcoholism and drug abuse in the railroad industry in 1976 and 1979, conducting research and writing the reports. The 1979 report became known as the REAP report. He continued his work in this area with officers of the United Transportation Union [UTU], specifically Daniel Collins, in the 1980s. Using the EAP of the Union Pacific as their model, the UTU championed a labor- management supported program called Operation Red Block designed to help railroad operating employees with substance abuse problems and to help their co-workers know how to appropriately respond and help their fellows. A key component of these programs are the so-called "Rule G By-Pass Agreements." Rule G is the prohibition against operating while intoxicated. The By-Pass Agreements allow for voluntary self-reporting or co-worker reporting on a one time basis so that an employee might avoid serious disciplinary measures for the first offense and be put into a counseling program to address their addiction.
Mr. Paddock, in a speech he gave in 1983, called this work his avocation.


Inclusive date range: 1954-1988
Bulk dates: 1975-1988
This collection consists of the papers of James A. Paddock. The majority of the papers document his work in the 1970s and 1980s combatting drug and alcohol abuse in the railroad industry. This collection also contains some records of the Order of Railway Conductors and Brakemen [ORC] and the report of the Presidential Commission on Railroads.
Of note in this collection are the records documenting the ways in which the railroad industry, both labor and management, attempted to address problems of substance abuse among its employees, in particular among its operating employees. The programs include various EAPs, including Operation: Red Block. Records documenting industry research, substance abuse research, employee training, and counselor training are found in this collection. Also found are the records of various Senate and House bills, hearings, and committees which attempt to address substance abuse issues through federal statutes and operating guidelines. The lawsuits filed by the Railway Labor Executives' Association [RLEA] in opposition to some of these proposed guidelines, such as random drug testing, on constitutional grounds. The clippings files give a broad overview of the national mood at the time, and demonstrate how some of these programs intersected with President Reagan's War on Drugs, and the disastrous consequences it had.
Of note is the correspondence sent to Daniel Collins, Assistant General Secretary and Treasurer and Director of Employee Assistance Programs for the UTU. Some of these letters humanize the individual struggles faced by railroad employees during this period. One employee wrote to Mr. Collins to discuss how the use of sniffer dogs sparked PTSD flashbacks to his time as a Prisoner of War in Germany during World War II. The speech by lawyer and recovering alcoholic J. Paul Molloy gave to the Senate in 1984 during subcommittee hearings on substance abuse in the workplace also highlights how a humane approach to these issues might be more successful than harsher disciplinary actions.
Finally, this collection contains a Betamax VHS cassette from the Union Pacific Railroad used as a training tool for Operation: Red Block and its EAP.

This collection was received, processed and described with no original order. In July 2017, the collection was re-processed, arranged and described with respect to intellectual order. The previous arrangement, with folder titles, is available upon request.

Collins, Daniel William, 1921-
Hardin, Fred A.
Molloy, J. Paul.
Paddock, James A.
Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers (U.S.).
Burlington Northern.
CSX Transportation.
Norfolk Southern.
Order of Railway Conductors and Brakemen.
Railway Labor Executives' Association.
Seaboard System.
South Pacific Railroad.
Southeastern Pennsylvania Transportation Authority (SEPTA).
The Chessie System.
The Milwaukee Road.
The Soo Line Railway.
Union Pacific Railroad Company.
United States. Federal Railroad Administration.
United States. Federal Railroad Administration.
United States. National Transportation Safety Board.
United States. Presidential Railroad Commission.
United Transportation Union.

Alcoholics -- Rehabilitation -- United States.
Alcoholism -- Treatment -- United States.
Collective bargaining.
Drug Abuse -- Treatment -- United States
Drug addiction.
Drug addicts -- Rehabilitation -- United States.
Employee assistance programs -- United States.
Operation Red Block.
Railroad accidents -- United States -- Prevention.
Railroad law -- United States.
Railroads -- Employees -- Drug testing
Railroads -- Employees -- Labor unions -- United States.
Railroads -- Management -- Employee participation -- United States.
Railroads -- Passenger traffic -- Government policy -- United States.
Railroads -- United States -- Rule G.
Railroads -- United States -- Safety measures.
Railroads--United States.
Recovering addicts.
Substance abuse
United States. Federal Railroad Administration -- Rules and practice.

Form and Genre Terms:
Papers (documents)


Access Restrictions:
Access to the collections in the Kheel Center is restricted. Please contact a reference archivist for access to these materials.
Restrictions on Use:
This collection must be used in keeping with the Kheel Center Information Sheet and Procedures for Document Use.
Cite As:
James A. Paddock Additional Papers #5833. Kheel Center for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives, Cornell University Library.


Related Collections:
5148: Order of Railway Conductors and Brakemen Records
5484: Railway Labor Executives' Association Records
5552: Railway Labor Executives' Association Additional Records
5728: Railway Labor Executives' Association Additional Records
5139: UTU Records


Box 1 Folder 1 1954
Box 1 Folder 2 1955
Box 1 Folder 3 1956
Box 1 Folder 4 1957
Box 1 Folder 5 1958
Box 1 Folder 6 1958
June 16 1958. Miami Beach, Florida.
Box 1 Folder 7 1962
February 26 1962.
Box 1 Folder 8 1977
US Department of Transportation. Federal Railroad Administration.
Box 1 Folder 9 1979
Box 1 Folder 10 1980
Milwaukee Railroad Restructuring Act of 1979; The Rock Island Transition Act of 1980 as amended by the Rail Deregulation Act of 1980. October 1980.
Box 1 Folder 11 1977
Texas Transportation Institute. Texas A&M University. August 1977.
Box 1 Folder 12 1986
articles and correspondence re crew consist, Conrail, and railroad labor
Box 1 Folder 13 1988
Box 1 Folder 14 1969
Box 1 Folder 15 1983
Box 1 Folder 16 1988
Box 1 Folder 17 1988
Box 1 Folder 18 1986-1987
Box 1 Folder 19 1984-1988
Box 1 Folder 20 1985
Includes "Rule G" By-Pass Agreement
Box 1 Folder 21 1983-1988
Report by Dan Collins was to the Canadian Parliament o March 24, 1988.
Box 1 Folder 22 1973-1987
Box 2 Folder 1 1980
Development and Production of Alcohol Abuse Training for the Illinois Central Gulf Railroad and the Railway Labor Executives Assoc., and 12 month support for RLEA. Submitted to the Federal railroad Administration, July 25 1980.
Box 2 Folder 2 1980
May 12 1980.
Box 2 Folder 3 1981
May 13 1981
Box 2 Folder 4 1981
May 29 1981.
Box 2 Folder 5 1980
The Railway Labor Executives' Assoc. Employee Assistance Program Workshop.
Box 2 Folder 6
Box 2 Folder 7
Box 2 Folder 8 1967
Iowa State Commission on Alcohol. 1967.
Box 2 Folder 9 1975
New York State School of Industrial and Labor relations. Prepared for federal railroad Administration.
Box 2 Folder 10 1976
November 1976. US Department of Transportation. Federal Railroad Administration.
Box 2 Folder 11 1976
Submitted by University Research Corporation. December 30 1976.
Box 2 Folder 12 1977
National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism. December 1977
Box 2 Folder 13 1978
Submitted by University Research Corporation. November 1978.
Box 2 Folder 14 1979
Submitted by University Research Corporation. Final Report. US Department of Transportation. December 1979.
Box 2 Folder 15 1979
University Research Corporation (2 copies)
Box 2 Folder 16 1979-1982
Box 2 Folder 17 1982
Box 2 Folder 18 1983
Folder contains drafts of paper
Box 2 Folder 19 1983
Contains biographic information
Box 2 Folder 20
Box 2 Folder 21 1982
Box 2 Folder 22 1980-1983
Box 2 Folder 23 1983
Box 2 Folder 24a 1984
Box 2 Folder 24b 1984
Box 2 Folder 25 1985
Box 2 Folder 26 1983-1984
Box 2 Folder 27 1987
Box 2 Folder 28 1987
National Institute on Drug Abuse
Box 2 Folder 29 1988
by University of Kansas professor
Box 2 Folder 30a 1983-1988
Box 2 Folder 30b 1983-1988
Box 2 Folder 31 1974-1983
Box 2 Folder 32 1984-1987
Box 3 Folder 1 1984-1986
Box 3 Folder 2 1983-1984
On voluntary alcohol abuse prevention programs
Box 3 Folder 3 1984
Department of Transportation, Federal Railroad Administration. June 5,1984.
Box 3 Folder 4 1985
Box 3 Folder 5 1985
Box 3 Folder 6 1985
Box 3 Folder 7 1986
Includes testimony of UTU President Fred Hardin
Box 3 Folder 8 1987
Box 3 Folder 9 1987
Requires drug and alcohol testing of employees
Box 3 Folder 10 1987
Box 3 Folder 11 1988
Box 3 Folder 12 1988
Box 3 Folder 13 1985
Box 3 Folder 14a 1987
Box 3 Folder 14b 1987
Box 3 Folder 15 1988
Box 3 Folder 16 1988
Origin of Operation: Redblock
Box 3 Folder 17 1985
Betamax video cassette, TRT 16:00.
Box 3 Folder 18 1984
Box 3 Folder 19 1984
Box 3 Folder 20 1984-1987
Box 3 Folder 21
stickers, flyers, posters, brochures
Box 3 Folder 22 1984-1985
Box 3 Folder 23
Box 3 Folder 24 1982-1985
Box 3 Folder 25 1984
Box 3 Folder 26 1983-1984
Box 3 Folder 27 1984
Box 3 Folder 28 1982-1986
Box 3 Folder 29 1986
Box 3 Folder 30 1986
Box 3 Folder 31 1984-1986
Box 3 Folder 32 1984-1987
Box 3 Folder 33 1984-1987
Box 3 Folder 34 1986
Box 3 Folder 35 1986
Box 3 Folder 36 1985
Box 3 Folder 37 1987
Box 3 Folder 38 1988
Box 3 Folder 39 1988
Box 3 Folder 40 1988
(3 copies)
Box 3 Folder 41 1988
Data from "Operation: Road Block Case Study"
Box 3 Folder 42
orphaned papers found in collection at time of re-foldering