James A. Paddock Additional Papers
Collection Number: 5833
Kheel Center for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives, Cornell University LibraryThis collection was processed with the help of generous funding from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission (NHPRC).
James A. Paddock Additional Papers, 1954-1988
Paddock, James A.
3 linear ft.
Forms of Material:
Kheel Center for Labor- Management Documentation and Archives, Cornell University Library
This collection consists of the papers of James A. Paddock, former president of the Order of Railway Conductors and Brakemen, documenting the industry-wide effort to curb drug and alcohol abuse in railroad operating employees.
Collection material in English
James A. Paddock spent his entire life working in the railroad industry. After completing his education at the University of San Francisco in 1937, he entered train service as a brakeman and switchman for the Bingham and Garfield Railway, part of the Kennecott Utah Copper rail line in Salt Lake County, Utah. He was promoted to conductor in 1941. Starting in 1938, Mr. Paddock became active with the Order of Railway Conductors [ORC] as a General Committee Member. In 1948, he accepted full-time employment as Assistant to the President of the International Union, headquartered in Cedar Rapids, Iowa. In 1954, he was elected to the office of Senior Vice-President, and in 1958 to the Office of President. During his tenure as president of ORC, he served on the Presidential Railroad Commission from 1959-1961. In 1961, Mr. Paddock retired from the ORC presidency in order to seek treatment for his alcoholism.
In 1963, Mr. Paddock returned to work in the railroad industry, joining the Association of Western Railways as a Special Representative to the Law Department, working on matters where labor and management had a mutual interest, such as safety on grade crossings. He retired from active railroad employment in 1970 because of a health issue.
In 1971, Mr. Paddock began training as a counselor specializing in alcohol and drug addiction. With his new training, Mr. Paddock began to work as an independent consultant in the area of industrial programs and other aspects involving alcohol and drug related research and development in the work place. In this capacity, he assisted the Milwaukee Road, the Illinois Central, and the Elgin, Joliet and Eastern Railway in setting up Employee Assistance Programs [EAP] and other services designed to improve safety and operations. In 1973, he began consulting for the Federal Railroad Administration in this capacity. He took part in two major studies of alcoholism and drug abuse in the railroad industry in 1976 and 1979, conducting research and writing the reports. The 1979 report became known as the REAP report. He continued his work in this area with officers of the United Transportation Union [UTU], specifically Daniel Collins, in the 1980s. Using the EAP of the Union Pacific as their model, the UTU championed a labor- management supported program called Operation Red Block designed to help railroad operating employees with substance abuse problems and to help their co-workers know how to appropriately respond and help their fellows. A key component of these programs are the so-called "Rule G By-Pass Agreements." Rule G is the prohibition against operating while intoxicated. The By-Pass Agreements allow for voluntary self-reporting or co-worker reporting on a one time basis so that an employee might avoid serious disciplinary measures for the first offense and be put into a counseling program to address their addiction.
Mr. Paddock, in a speech he gave in 1983, called this work his avocation.
Inclusive date range: 1954-1988
Bulk dates: 1975-1988
This collection consists of the papers of James A. Paddock. The majority of the papers document his work in the 1970s and 1980s combatting drug and alcohol abuse in the railroad industry. This collection also contains some records of the Order of Railway Conductors and Brakemen [ORC] and the report of the Presidential Commission on Railroads.
Of note in this collection are the records documenting the ways in which the railroad industry, both labor and management, attempted to address problems of substance abuse among its employees, in particular among its operating employees. The programs include various EAPs, including Operation: Red Block. Records documenting industry research, substance abuse research, employee training, and counselor training are found in this collection. Also found are the records of various Senate and House bills, hearings, and committees which attempt to address substance abuse issues through federal statutes and operating guidelines. The lawsuits filed by the Railway Labor Executives' Association [RLEA] in opposition to some of these proposed guidelines, such as random drug testing, on constitutional grounds. The clippings files give a broad overview of the national mood at the time, and demonstrate how some of these programs intersected with President Reagan's War on Drugs, and the disastrous consequences it had.
Of note is the correspondence sent to Daniel Collins, Assistant General Secretary and Treasurer and Director of Employee Assistance Programs for the UTU. Some of these letters humanize the individual struggles faced by railroad employees during this period. One employee wrote to Mr. Collins to discuss how the use of sniffer dogs sparked PTSD flashbacks to his time as a Prisoner of War in Germany during World War II. The speech by lawyer and recovering alcoholic J. Paul Molloy gave to the Senate in 1984 during subcommittee hearings on substance abuse in the workplace also highlights how a humane approach to these issues might be more successful than harsher disciplinary actions.
Finally, this collection contains a Betamax VHS cassette from the Union Pacific Railroad used as a training tool for Operation: Red Block and its EAP.
This collection was received, processed and described with no original order. In July 2017, the collection was re-processed, arranged and described with respect to intellectual order. The previous arrangement, with folder titles, is available upon request.
Collins, Daniel William, 1921-
Hardin, Fred A.
Molloy, J. Paul.
Paddock, James A.
Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers (U.S.).
Order of Railway Conductors and Brakemen.
Railway Labor Executives' Association.
South Pacific Railroad.
Southeastern Pennsylvania Transportation Authority (SEPTA).
The Chessie System.
The Milwaukee Road.
The Soo Line Railway.
Union Pacific Railroad Company.
United States. Federal Railroad Administration.
United States. Federal Railroad Administration.
United States. National Transportation Safety Board.
United States. Presidential Railroad Commission.
United Transportation Union.
Alcoholics -- Rehabilitation -- United States.
Alcoholism -- Treatment -- United States.
Drug Abuse -- Treatment -- United States
Drug addicts -- Rehabilitation -- United States.
Employee assistance programs -- United States.
Operation Red Block.
Railroad accidents -- United States -- Prevention.
Railroad law -- United States.
Railroads -- Employees -- Drug testing
Railroads -- Employees -- Labor unions -- United States.
Railroads -- Management -- Employee participation -- United States.
Railroads -- Passenger traffic -- Government policy -- United States.
Railroads -- United States -- Rule G.
Railroads -- United States -- Safety measures.
United States. Federal Railroad Administration -- Rules and practice.
Form and Genre Terms:
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James A. Paddock Additional Papers #5833. Kheel Center for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives, Cornell University Library.
|Box 1||Folder 1||1954|
|Box 1||Folder 2||1955|
|Box 1||Folder 3||1956|
|Box 1||Folder 4||1957|
|Box 1||Folder 5||1958|
|Box 1||Folder 6||1958|
June 16 1958. Miami Beach, Florida.
|Box 1||Folder 7||1962|
February 26 1962.
|Box 1||Folder 8||1977|
US Department of Transportation. Federal Railroad Administration.
|Box 1||Folder 9||1979|
|Box 1||Folder 10||1980|
Milwaukee Railroad Restructuring Act of 1979; The Rock Island Transition Act of 1980 as amended by the Rail Deregulation Act of 1980. October 1980.
|Box 1||Folder 11||1977|
Texas Transportation Institute. Texas A&M University. August 1977.
|Box 1||Folder 12||1986|
articles and correspondence re crew consist, Conrail, and railroad labor
|Box 1||Folder 13||1988|
|Box 1||Folder 14||1969|
|Box 1||Folder 15||1983|
|Box 1||Folder 16||1988|
|Box 1||Folder 17||1988|
|Box 1||Folder 18||1986-1987|
|Box 1||Folder 19||1984-1988|
|Box 1||Folder 20||1985|
Includes "Rule G" By-Pass Agreement
|Box 1||Folder 21||1983-1988|
Report by Dan Collins was to the Canadian Parliament o March 24, 1988.
|Box 1||Folder 22||1973-1987|
|Box 2||Folder 1||1980|
Development and Production of Alcohol Abuse Training for the Illinois Central Gulf Railroad and the Railway Labor Executives Assoc., and 12 month support for RLEA. Submitted to the Federal railroad Administration, July 25 1980.
|Box 2||Folder 2||1980|
May 12 1980.
|Box 2||Folder 3||1981|
May 13 1981
|Box 2||Folder 4||1981|
May 29 1981.
|Box 2||Folder 5||1980|
The Railway Labor Executives' Assoc. Employee Assistance Program Workshop.
|Box 2||Folder 6|
|Box 2||Folder 7|
|Box 2||Folder 8||1967|
Iowa State Commission on Alcohol. 1967.
|Box 2||Folder 9||1975|
New York State School of Industrial and Labor relations. Prepared for federal railroad Administration.
|Box 2||Folder 10||1976|
November 1976. US Department of Transportation. Federal Railroad Administration.
|Box 2||Folder 11||1976|
Submitted by University Research Corporation. December 30 1976.
|Box 2||Folder 12||1977|
National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism. December 1977
|Box 2||Folder 13||1978|
Submitted by University Research Corporation. November 1978.
|Box 2||Folder 14||1979|
Submitted by University Research Corporation. Final Report. US Department of Transportation. December 1979.
|Box 2||Folder 15||1979|
University Research Corporation (2 copies)
|Box 2||Folder 16||1979-1982|
|Box 2||Folder 17||1982|
|Box 2||Folder 18||1983|
Folder contains drafts of paper
|Box 2||Folder 19||1983|
Contains biographic information
|Box 2||Folder 20|
|Box 2||Folder 21||1982|
|Box 2||Folder 22||1980-1983|
|Box 2||Folder 23||1983|
|Box 2||Folder 24a||1984|
|Box 2||Folder 24b||1984|
|Box 2||Folder 25||1985|
|Box 2||Folder 26||1983-1984|
|Box 2||Folder 27||1987|
|Box 2||Folder 28||1987|
National Institute on Drug Abuse
|Box 2||Folder 29||1988|
by University of Kansas professor
|Box 2||Folder 30a||1983-1988|
|Box 2||Folder 30b||1983-1988|
|Box 2||Folder 31||1974-1983|
|Box 2||Folder 32||1984-1987|
|Box 3||Folder 1||1984-1986|
|Box 3||Folder 2||1983-1984|
On voluntary alcohol abuse prevention programs
|Box 3||Folder 3||1984|
Department of Transportation, Federal Railroad Administration. June 5,1984.
|Box 3||Folder 4||1985|
|Box 3||Folder 5||1985|
|Box 3||Folder 6||1985|
|Box 3||Folder 7||1986|
Includes testimony of UTU President Fred Hardin
|Box 3||Folder 8||1987|
|Box 3||Folder 9||1987|
Requires drug and alcohol testing of employees
|Box 3||Folder 10||1987|
|Box 3||Folder 11||1988|
|Box 3||Folder 12||1988|
|Box 3||Folder 13||1985|
|Box 3||Folder 14a||1987|
|Box 3||Folder 14b||1987|
|Box 3||Folder 15||1988|
|Box 3||Folder 16||1988|
Origin of Operation: Redblock
|Box 3||Folder 17||1985|
Betamax video cassette, TRT 16:00.
|Box 3||Folder 18||1984|
|Box 3||Folder 19||1984|
|Box 3||Folder 20||1984-1987|
|Box 3||Folder 21|
stickers, flyers, posters, brochures
|Box 3||Folder 22||1984-1985|
|Box 3||Folder 23|
|Box 3||Folder 24||1982-1985|
|Box 3||Folder 25||1984|
|Box 3||Folder 26||1983-1984|
|Box 3||Folder 27||1984|
|Box 3||Folder 28||1982-1986|
|Box 3||Folder 29||1986|
|Box 3||Folder 30||1986|
|Box 3||Folder 31||1984-1986|
|Box 3||Folder 32||1984-1987|
|Box 3||Folder 33||1984-1987|
|Box 3||Folder 34||1986|
|Box 3||Folder 35||1986|
|Box 3||Folder 36||1985|
|Box 3||Folder 37||1987|
|Box 3||Folder 38||1988|
|Box 3||Folder 39||1988|
|Box 3||Folder 40||1988|
|Box 3||Folder 41||1988|
Data from "Operation: Road Block Case Study"
|Box 3||Folder 42|
orphaned papers found in collection at time of re-foldering