ILGWU. Justicia (Justice), [1933-1991]

Collection Number: 5780/201

Kheel Center for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives
Cornell University Library


DESCRIPTIVE SUMMARY

Title:
ILGWU. Justicia (Justice), 1933-1991
Collection Number:
5780/201
Creator:
International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union.
Quantity:
5.5 linear feet
Forms of Material:
Publications
Repository:
Kheel Center for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives, Cornell University Library
Abstract:
This collection contains issues of Justicia, the Spanish-language edition of the ILGWU's official organ Justice.
Language:
Collection material in Spanish


ILGWU ORGANIZATIONAL HISTORY

The International Ladies’ Garment Workers’ Union was founded in New York City in 1900 by mostly Socialist immigrant workers who sought to unite the various crafts in the growing women's garment industry. The union soon reflected changes in the sector and rapidly organized thousands of unskilled and semi-skilled women, mostly Jewish and Italian young immigrants. Exemplifying the “new unionism,” the ILGWU led two of the most widespread and best-known industrial strikes of the early Twentieth Century: the shirtwaist makers’ strike of 1909 in New York City and the cloak makers’ strike of 1910 in Chicago. The union also tried to adapt to the fragmented and unstable nature of the industry. It adopted the “protocol of peace,” a system of industrial relations that attempted to ensure stability and limit strikes and production disruption by providing for an arbitration system to resolve disputes.
The ILGWU exemplified the European-style social unionism of its founding members. They pursued bread and butter issues but provided educational opportunities, benefits, and social programs to union members as well. In 1919, the ILGWU became the first American union to negotiate an unemployment compensation fund that was contributed to by its employers. The ILGWU also pioneered in the establishment of an extremely progressive health care program for its members which included not only regional Union Health Centers but also a resort for union workers, known as Unity House. The Union also had an imaginative and pioneering Education Department which not only trained workers in traditional union techniques, but provided courses in citizenship and the English language.
David Dubinsky, an immigrant from Belarus who came to the US in 1911, provided strong leadership that led to unprecedented growth in the union during his presidency from 1932 to 1966. He led the union through successful internal anti-communist struggles, built on the ascendancy of industrial unionism by encouraging the formation of the Committee for Industrial Organization, and helped the union become an important political force in New York City and state politics, and in the national Democratic Party and Liberal Party as well.
In the period following the Second World War, the union suffered a decline in membership as manufacturers avoided unionization and took advantage of less expensive labor by moving shops from the urban centers in the northeast to the south, and later abroad. The ethnic and racial character of the ILGWU also changed as European immigrants were supplanted by Asians, Latin Americans, African- Americans, and immigrants from the Caribbean.
In July 1995 the ILGWU merged with the Amalgamated Clothing and Textile Workers Union (ACTWU) at a joint convention, forming UNITE (Union of Needletrades, Industrial and Textile Employees). At the time the new union had a membership of about 250,000 in the United States, Canada, and Puerto Rico.

ORGANIZATIONAL HISTORY

Justice was the official organ of the ILGWU from 1919 to 1995. Editions of Justice were published in English, Italian, Spanish, and Yiddish. When compared side by side, the content of some of these different editions of Justice shows significant differences.

COLLECTION DESCRIPTION

This collection contains issues of Justicia, the Spanish-language edition of the ILGWU's official organ Justice.
SUBJECTS

Names:
International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union.
International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union.

Subjects:
Labor unions--Clothing workers--New York (State)--New York.
Labor unions--Clothing workers--United States.
Textile workers--New York (State)--New York.
Textile workers--United States.

Form and Genre Terms:
Publications.


INFORMATION FOR USERS

Access Restrictions:
The ILGWU Records, except for publications and materials produced for publication, are restricted. Materials created prior to twenty years from the current date are open to researchers only with prior written permission from the Director of the Kheel Center; materials created during the past twenty-years are closed; the minutes of the General Executive Board are closed. For more information contact the Kheel Center.
Restrictions on Use:
This collection must be used in keeping with the Kheel Center Information Sheet and Procedures for Document Use.
Cite As:
ILGWU. Justicia (Justice). 5780/201. Kheel Center for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives, Martin P. Catherwood Library, Cornell University.

RELATED MATERIALS

5780. ILGWU records
5780 PUBS. ILGWU publications

NOTES

"Permanent deposit"
COLLECTION ARRANGEMENT

This collection is arranged in chronological order.

CONTAINER LIST

Container
Description
Date
Box 1 Folder 1
Justicia bound volume. v.1:no.1-v.18:no.23
1933-1938
Spanish. 3 copies. Volume numbering jumps from v.2 to v.16 between April and may of 1934.
Box 1 Folder 2
Justicia bound volume. v.19:no.1-v.20:no.23
1937-1938
Spanish. 3 copies
Box 1 Folder 3
Justicia bound volume. v.21:no.1-22:no.22/23
1939-1940
Spanish. 3 copies.
Box 1 Folder 4
Justicia bound volume. v.25:no.1-28:no.22/23
1943-1946
Spanish.
Box 2 Folder 1
Justicia bound volume. v.29:no.1-31:23
1947-1949
Spanish. 3 copies
Box 2 Folder 2
Justicia bound volume. v.35:no.1-v.37:no.13
1953-1955
Spanish. 3 copies
Box 2 Folder 3
Justicia bound volume. v.38:no.1-v.40:no.12
1956-1958
Spanish. 2 copies.
Box 2 Folder 4
Justicia bound volume. v.41:no.1-v.43:no.12
1959-1961
Spanish.
Box 2 Folder 5
Justicia bound volume. v.44:no.1-v.46:no.12
1962-1964
Spanish
Box 2 Folder 6
Justicia bound volume. v.47:no.1/2-v.49:no.12
1965-1967
Spanish
Box 3 Folder 1
Justicia bound volume. v.50:no.1-v.52:no.12
1968-1970
Spanish
Box 3 Folder 2
Justicia bound volume. v.53:no.1-v.55:no.12
1971-1973
Spanish
Box 3 Folder 3
Justicia bound volume. v.56:no.1-v.58:no.12
1974-1976
Spanish
Box 3 Folder 4
Justicia bound volume. v.59:no.1-v.61:no.11
1977-1979
Spanish
Box 3 Folder 5
Justicia bound volume. v.62:no.1-v.64:no.11
1980-1982
Spanish
Box 3 Folder 6
Justicia bound volume. v.65:no.1-11
1983
Spanish
Box 3 Folder 7
Justicia bound volume. v.70:no.1-11
1988
Spanish. 2 copies
Box 3 Folder 8
Justicia bound volume. v.73:no.1-11
1991
Spanish