ILGWU Auditing Department Publications

Collection Number: 5780/192 PUBS

Kheel Center for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives, Cornell University Library


DESCRIPTIVE SUMMARY

Title:
ILGWU Auditing Department Publications, 1935-1994
Collection Number:
5780/192 PUBS
Creator:
International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union (ILGWU)
Quantity:
1 linear ft.
Forms of Material:
Publications (documents).
Repository:
Kheel Center for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives, Cornell University Library
Abstract:
This collection contains publications of the Auditing Department, including statements of receipts and disbursements (1935-1960), census reports (1952-1984), and financial reports of general funds (1961-1994).
Language:
Collection material in English


ILGWU ORGANIZATIONAL HISTORY

The International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union was once one of the largest labor unions in the United States founded in 1900 by local union delegates representing about 2,000 members in cities in the northeastern United States. It was one of the first U.S. Unions to have a membership consisting of mostly females, and it played a key role in the labor history of the 1920s and 1930s. The union is generally referred to as the "ILGWU" or the "ILG". The ILGWU grew in geographical scope, membership size, and political influence to become one of the most powerful forces in American organized labor by mid-century. Representing workers in the women's garment industry, the ILGWU worked to improve working and living conditions of its members through collective bargaining agreements, training programs, health care facilities, cooperative housing, educational opportunities, and other efforts. The ILGWU merged with the Amalgamated Clothing and Textile Workers Union in 1995 to form the Union of Needle trades, Industrial and Textile Employees (UNITE). UNITE merged with the Hotel Employees and Restaurant Employees Union (HERE) in 2004 to create a new union known as UNITE HERE. The two unions that formed UNITE in 1995 represented only 250,000 workers between them, down from the ILGWU's peak membership of 450,000 in 1969.

ORGANIZATIONAL HISTORY

The ILGWU Auditing Department was organized in October 1914, under the direction of B.M. Rabinovitch. It was charged with auditing the local unions, joint boards, district councils and departments, and the general office of the ILGWU. The Department presented these reports to the General Executive Board and to the ILGWU's International conventions.

COLLECTION DESCRIPTION

Beginning in 1935, the ILGWU published annual financial reports that accounted for the International office's receipts and disbursements, as well as those of affiliate local unions, joint boards, district councils and departments. These reports detailed the disbursements from the local unions, joint boards, and district councils and departments to the international office (dues stamps and assessments), administrative expenses (salaries for office staff, office rent, printing, stationary, postage, telephone and telegraph, janitor, cleaning, light, dues to other organizations, miscellaneous expenses), organization expenses (salaries for managers, business agents, adjusters, organizing expenses, elections, strike relief, legal fees, loss of time, collection of dues, education, hall rent, advertisements, etc.), and donations and relief (such as the Anti-Nazi drive, labor causes, charitable, community, or cultural organizations). Local unions also paid towards the operation of the joint boards of which they were member organizations.
Reporting was again altered in 1958. Before then, whether in the convention report or an annual report, the union's financial information was presented in tables that listed local unions by number, followed by joint boards, district council and departments, and finally, the international office. After 1958, these presented the same information by area (e.g., Northeast Department Area, Southwest Area, etc.), and concluded with a listing of joint boards, district councils and department and their affiliated locals.
The Census Reports in this collection provide general information about the membership, presenting the annual statistical schedule of dues stamps purchased from the international office and a comparison of dues-paying members with actual membership census.
Prior to 1935, the ILGWU published information about its membership and finances along with reports presented at the international conventions. These reports provided membership numbers, broken down by male or female and also by number of members working by week or by piece. They also detailed the amounts local unions paid out and collected. In addition, some of these reports included brief summaries of strikes (e.g., won, lost, pending, number involved, cost, and gains), injunctions, and general conditions in the trade. Such additional financial and membership information may be found in financial and statistical reports in 5780/193 PUBS and 5780/121 PUBS.
Taken together, the reports in this collection provide a statistical overview of the membership and finances of the ILGWU. Researchers interested in the more detailed information on these aspects of the union, or on the membership and finances of specific local unions, joint boards, and district councils and departments, should consult finding aids to those affiliates' records.
SUBJECTS

Names:
International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union
International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union. Auditing Dept

Subjects:
Women's clothing industry--United States
Clothing workers--Labor unions--United States
Textile workers--United States

Form and Genre Terms:
Publications (documents)


INFORMATION FOR USERS

Access Restrictions:
Access to the collections in the Kheel Center is restricted. Please contact a reference archivist for access to these materials.
Restrictions on Use:
This collection must be used in keeping with the Kheel Center Information Sheet and Procedures for Document Use.
Cite As:
ILGWU Auditing Department Publications #5780/192 PUBS. Kheel Center for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives, Cornell University Library.

RELATED MATERIALS

Related Collections:
5780/079: ILGWU Local 62 Managers' Correspondence
5780/102 P: ILGWU Justice Photographs
5780/192 MF: ILGWU Auditing Department Records

CONTAINER LIST

Container
Description
Date
Box 1 Folder 1 1935-1960
Box 1 Folder 1
Format: Publication
By Auditing Department. Item is in English.
Box 1 Folder 1
Format: Publication
By Auditing Department. 2 copies each 1959 and 1960. Item is in English.
Box 1 Folder 2 1952-1984
Format: Publication
Box 1 Folder 2
Format: Publication
By Auditing Department. 2 copies each 1976 and 1980. Item is in English.
Box 1 Folder 3 1961-1965
Format: Publication
Box 1 Folder 3
Format: Publication
By Auditing Department. 2 copies each 1961, 1963, and 1965. Item is in English.
Box 1 Folder 4 1966-1975
Format: Publication
Box 1 Folder 4
Format: Publication
By Auditing Department. 2 copies each, except only one 1969. Item is in English.
Box 1 Folder 5 1976-1982
Format: Publication
Box 1 Folder 5
Format: Publication
By Auditing Department. 2 copies each, except three for 1982. Item is in English.
Box 1 Folder 6 1983-1994
Format: Publication
Box 1 Folder 6
Format: Publication
By Auditing Department. Item is in English.