ILGWU. Wilbur Daniels Papers,1977-1985.

Collection Number: 5780/155

Kheel Center for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives
Cornell University Library


DESCRIPTIVE SUMMARY

Title:
ILGWU. Wilbur Daniels papers, 1977-1985.
Collection Number:
5780/155
Creator:
Wilbur Daniels, 1923-
Quantity:
4.5 linear feet
Forms of Material:
Records
Repository:
Kheel Center for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives, Cornell University Library
Abstract:
Contains records of Wilbur Daniels relating to General Executive Board meetings and ILGWU conventions, including reports, correspondence, notes and planning documents. Also included are some correspondence President Sol Chaikin and materials relating to his retirement in 1986.
Language:
Collection material in English


ILGWU ORGANIZATIONAL HISTORY

The International Ladies’ Garment Workers’ Union was founded in New York City in 1900 by mostly Socialist immigrant workers who sought to unite the various crafts in the growing women’s garment industry. The union soon reflected changes in the sector and rapidly organized thousands of unskilled and semi-skilled women, mostly Jewish and Italian young immigrants. Exemplifying the “new unionism,” the ILGWU led two of the most widespread and best-known industrial strikes of the early Twentieth Century: the shirtwaist makers’ strike of 1909 in New York City and the cloak makers’ strike of 1910 in Chicago. The union also tried to adapt to the fragmented and unstable nature of the industry. It adopted the “protocol of peace,” a system of industrial relations that attempted to ensure stability and limit strikes and production disruption by providing for an arbitration system to resolve disputes.
The ILGWU exemplified the European-style social unionism of its founding members. They pursued bread and butter issues but provided educational opportunities, benefits, and social programs to union members as well. In 1919, the ILGWU became the first American union to negotiate an unemployment compensation fund that was contributed to by its employers. The ILGWU also pioneered in the establishment of an extremely progressive health care program for its members which included not only regional Union Health Centers but also a resort for union workers, known as Unity House. The Union also had an imaginative and pioneering Education Department which not only trained workers in traditional union techniques, but provided courses in citizenship and the English language.
David Dubinsky, an immigrant from Belarus who came to the US in 1911, provided strong leadership that led to unprecedented growth in the union during his presidency from 1932 to 1966. He led the union through successful internal anti-communist struggles, built on the ascendancy of industrial unionism by encouraging the formation of the Committee for Industrial Organization, and helped the union become an important political force in New York City and state politics, and in the national Democratic Party and Liberal Party as well.
In the period following the Second World War, the union suffered a decline in membership as manufacturers avoided unionization and took advantage of less expensive labor by moving shops from the urban centers in the northeast to the south, and later abroad. The ethnic and racial character of the ILGWU also changed as European immigrants were supplanted by Asians, Latin Americans, African- Americans, and immigrants from the Caribbean.
In July 1995 the ILGWU merged with the Amalgamated Clothing and Textile Workers Union (ACTWU) at a joint convention, forming UNITE (Union of Needletrades, Industrial and Textile Employees). At the time the new union had a membership of about 250,000 in the United States, Canada, and Puerto Rico.

BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE

Wilbur Daniels was born in Detroit in 1922. Daniels held several offices in the ILGWU over more than 40 years, including Research Association and Assistant Director of Research (1943-1950), Associate General Counsel in the Legal Department (1950-1959), Assistant to the President (1959-1961), Director of the Master Agreements Department (1965-1969?), Vice President (1969-1973), and Executive Vice-President (1973-1987). After leaving the ILGWU in 1987, Daniels was Executive Director of the S.H. and Helen R. Scheuer Foundation. He remained involved in New York City civic life, serving on the boards of the Lincoln Center, United Housing Foundation, New York Urban Coalition, and American Arbitration Association. He died in New York City in 1993.

COLLECTION DESCRIPTION

Contains records of Wilbur Daniels relating to General Executive Board meetings and ILGWU conventions, including reports, correspondence, notes and planning documents. Also included are some correspondence President Sol Chaikin and materials relating to his retirement in 1986.
SUBJECTS

Names:
Daniels, Wilbur,1923-
Daniels, Wilbur, 1923-
International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union.

Subjects:
Women's clothing industry--United States.
Labor unions--Clothing workers--United States.
Clothing workers--United States.
Industrial relations--United States.

Form and Genre Terms:
Records.


INFORMATION FOR USERS

Access Restrictions:
The ILGWU Records, except for publications and materials produced for publication, are restricted. Materials created prior to twenty years from the current date are open to researchers only with prior written permission from the Director of the Kheel Center; materials created during the past twenty-years are closed; the minutes of the General Executive Board are closed. For more information contact the Kheel Center.
Cite As:
ILGWU. Wilbur Daniels papers. 5780/155. Kheel Center for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives, Martin P. Catherwood Library, Cornell University.

RELATED MATERIALS

5780. ILGWU records
5780/084. ILGWU. Wilbur Daniels papers
5780/113. ILGWU. Wilbur Daniels papers

NOTES

"Permanent deposit"

CONTAINER LIST

Container
Description
Date
Box 1 Folder 1
AFL-CIO Convention
1983
Box 1 Folder 2
AFL-CIO Convention: ILGWU GEB Meeting
1983
Box 1 Folder 3
GEB Meeting
1983
Box 1 Folder 4
GEB
1983-1984
Box 1 Folder 5
GEB Reports. [folder 1 of 3]
1982-1983
Box 1 Folder 6
GEB Reports. [folder 2 of 3]
1982-1983
Box 2 Folder 1
GEB Reports. [folder 3 of 3]
1982-1983
Box 2 Folder 2
GEB Meeting
1981
Box 2 Folder 3
Correspondence
1983
Box 2 Folder 4
GEB Sixth Meeting
1983
January 3-7, 1983. Hollywood Florida.
Box 2 Folder 5
President Chaikin's Schedule
1982
Box 2 Folder 6
GEB Meeting: Retirees and Wives
1982
June 21-25, 1982. Unity House.
Box 2 Folder 7
GEB Reports. [folder 1 of 2]
1982
Box 3 Folder 1
GEB Reports. [folder 1 of 2]
1982
Box 3 Folder 2
Executive Committee Meeting Minutes
1982
March 18-19, 1982. New York City.
Box 3 Folder 3
GEB Meeting: Letter "A"
1982
Box 3 Folder 4
GEB Meeting: Letter "B"
1982
Box 3 Folder 5
GEB Meeting
1982
May 3-5, 1982.
Box 3 Folder 6
GEB Fifth Meeting
1982
June 21-25, 1982. Unity House.
Box 3 Folder 7
GEB Meeting: Correspondence
1981
Box 3 Folder 8
GEB Fourth Meeting
1981-1982
January 5-11, 1982. Hollywood Florida. Mostly correspondence at the meeting from late 1981..
Box 3 Folder 9
ILGWU Legislative/Political Conference
1980
January 3-5, 1980. Hollywood Florida.
Box 3 Folder 10
GEB Meeting
1980
January, 1980.
Box 3 Folder 11
GEB Reports [folder 1 of 2]
1980
Box 4 Folder 1
GEB Reports [folder 2 of 2]
1980
Box 4 Folder 2
GEB Eighth Meeting
1980
July 8-10, 1980. New York City.
Box 4 Folder 3
Executive Committee Reports
1978
Box 4 Folder 4
GEB Reservations: The Sheraton Centre
1980
Box 4 Folder 5
GEB Dinner
1980
July 9, 1980.
Box 4 Folder 6
Arthur Levine Convention Memos [folder 1 of 2]
1980
Box 4 Folder 7
Arthur Levine Convention Memos [folder 1 of 2]
1980
Box 4 Folder 8
1980 Convention: Delegate Arrivals
1980
Box 4 Folder 9
1980 Convention: Staff
1980
Box 5 Folder 1
Sol C. Chaikin: Correspondence
1984
Box 5 Folder 2
Sol C. Chaikin: Correspondence [folder 1 of 2]
1983
Box 5 Folder 3
Sol C. Chaikin: Correspondence [folder 2 of 2]
1983
Box 5 Folder 4
Sol C. Chaikin: Dinner
1986
May 13, 1986. Grand Hyatt, New York.
Box 5 Folder 5
Sol C. Chaikin: Dinner [folder 1 of 2]
1986
June 19, 1986. Plaza Hotel.
Box 5 Folder 6
Sol C. Chaikin: Dinner [folder 2 of 2]
1986
June 19, 1986. Plaza Hotel.
Box 6 Folder 1
Crafted With Pride
1983
Box 6 Folder 2
Crafted With Pride
1984
Box 6 Folder 3
Crafted With Pride [folder 1 of 3]
1985
Box 6 Folder 4
Crafted With Pride [folder 2 of 3]
1985
Box 6 Folder 5
Crafted With Pride [folder 3 of 3]
1985
Box 6 Folder 6
National Home Caring
1982-1984
Box 7 Folder 1
National Home Caring
1985-1986
Box 7 Folder 2
United Nations Association
1983-1984
Box 7 Folder 3
Miscellaneous Services: The Sheraton Centre
Box 7 Folder 4
Miscellaneous Services: Give-Aways for Convention
1980
Box 7 Folder 5
1980 Convention Elections Timetable
1980
Box 7 Folder 6
Credit Authorization
1980
Box 7 Folder 7
Convention Dimensions, Inc.
1980
Box 7 Folder 8
Convention Call/Voting
1980
Box 8 Folder 1
1980 Constitution Revisions [folder 1 of 2]
1980
Box 8 Folder 2
1980 Constitution Revisions [folder 2 of 2]
1980
Box 8 Folder 3
Miscellaneous Services
1980
Box 8 Folder 4
Convention Appeal Committee
1980
Box 8 Folder 5
Convention Arrangements Committee
1980
Box 8 Folder 6
Convention Committees
1980
Box 8 Folder 7
Convention Reports
1980
Box 8 Folder 8
Convention Call: Amended
1980
Box 8 Folder 9
Convention Check Lists
1980
Box 8 Folder 10
Convention Photographs
1980
7 photographs
Box 8 Folder 11
ILGWU Constitution
1980
Box 8 Folder 12
Credit Allowances for Delegates
1980
Box 9 Folder 1
Convention Elections [folder 1 of 2]
1977
Box 9 Folder 2
Convention Elections [folder 2 of 2]
1977
Box 9 Folder 3
Convention Committee Reports: Set 1
1980
Box 9 Folder 4
Convention Committee Reports: Set 2
1980
Box 9 Folder 5
Convention Committee Reports: Set 3
1980
Box 9 Folder 6
The Sheraton Centre
1980
Box 9 Folder 7
Convention Guests
1977
Box 9 Folder 8
1977 Convention
1976-1977
English and French
Box 9 Folder 9
Democratic National Convention
1980