ILGWU Local 10 Records

Collection Number: 5780/131

Kheel Center for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives, Cornell University Library


DESCRIPTIVE SUMMARY

Title:
ILGWU Local 10 Records, 1965-1971
Collection Number:
5780/131
Creator:
International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union (ILGWU). Local 10;
International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union (ILGWU)
Quantity:
0.5 linear ft.
Forms of Material:
Records (documents).
Repository:
Kheel Center for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives, Cornell University Library
Abstract:
The collection consists of records documenting elections of union officers of Local 10.
Language:
Collection material in English


ILGWU ORGANIZATIONAL HISTORY

The International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union was once one of the largest labor unions in the United States founded in 1900 by local union delegates representing about 2,000 members in cities in the northeastern United States. It was one of the first U.S. Unions to have a membership consisting of mostly females, and it played a key role in the labor history of the 1920s and 1930s. The union is generally referred to as the "ILGWU" or the "ILG". The ILGWU grew in geographical scope, membership size, and political influence to become one of the most powerful forces in American organized labor by mid-century. Representing workers in the women's garment industry, the ILGWU worked to improve working and living conditions of its members through collective bargaining agreements, training programs, health care facilities, cooperative housing, educational opportunities, and other efforts. The ILGWU merged with the Amalgamated Clothing and Textile Workers Union in 1995 to form the Union of Needle trades, Industrial and Textile Employees (UNITE). UNITE merged with the Hotel Employees and Restaurant Employees Union (HERE) in 2004 to create a new union known as UNITE HERE. The two unions that formed UNITE in 1995 represented only 250,000 workers between them, down from the ILGWU's peak membership of 450,000 in 1969.

ORGANIZATIONAL HISTORY

The Cutters of Local 10 can be traced back to the Gotham Knife Cutters of 1884 and the United Cloak Cutters in 1886 by the Knights of Labor. These were the predecessors of Local 15 and 6 which were chartered by the ILGWU in 1902 and merged to become Local 10 in 1906. Local 10 played a lead role in the 1910 cloakmakers' strike. Local 10 of the International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union (ILGWU), was also known as the Amalgamated Ladies' Garment Cutters' Union, and based in New York City.

COLLECTION DESCRIPTION

The collection contains records documenting the election of officers to Local 10. Harry Shaw was a candidate for the office of Secretary of the Executive Board in 1971. Shaw alleged 18 instances of impropriety in connection with Local 10 elections of February 1971. Included are files relating to Shaw's protest and appeals to Local 10's Election and Objection Committee and eventually, the National Labor Relations Board. There is correspondence, election material such as ballots, the documents used as evidence for the protest and appeal process, the Appeal Committee decision, and the charges that were filed with the Nation Labor Relations Board. Shaw claimed that in June 1971, union officers and representatives restrained and coerced him, causing him to be discriminated by his employer Ann Page Manufacturing.
SUBJECTS

Names:
Amalgamated Ladies' Garment Cutters' Union.
International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union.

Subjects:
Women's clothing industry--United States.
Clothing industry--Labor unions--United States.
Clothing workers--United States.
Industrial relations--United States.

Form and Genre Terms:
Records (documents)


INFORMATION FOR USERS

Access Restrictions:
Access to the collections in the Kheel Center is restricted. Please contact a reference archivist for access to these materials.
Restrictions on Use:
This collection must be used in keeping with the Kheel Center Information Sheet and Procedures for Document Use.
Cite As:
ILGWU Local 10 Records #5780/131. Kheel Center for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives, Cornell University Library.

RELATED MATERIALS

Related Collections:
5780: ILGWU records
5780: ILGWU records
5780/001 mf: ILGWU Local 10 Minutes on Microfilm
5780/008: ILGWU Local 10 Dues Books
5780/011: ILGWU Local 10 Managers' Correspondence
5780/012: ILGWU Local 10 Managers' Correspondence
5780/094: ILGWU Local 10 Membership Record Books

CONTAINER LIST

Container
Description
Date
Box 1 Folder 1 1965-1971
Box 1 Folder 2 1970-1971
Box 1 Folder 3 1971
Box 1 Folder 4 1971
March 23, 1971. Duplicate set.
Box 1 Folder 5 1971
Box 1 Folder 6 1971
June 1971.
Box 1 Folder 7 1970-1971
Box 1 Folder 8 1966-1971