ILGWU Local 35 Records

Collection Number: 5780/031

Kheel Center for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives, Cornell University Library


DESCRIPTIVE SUMMARY

Title:
ILGWU Local 35 Records, 1927-1977
Collection Number:
5780/031
Creator:
International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union (ILGWU). Local 35;
International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union (ILGWU)
Quantity:
3 linear ft.
Forms of Material:
Records, minutes, speeches .
Repository:
Kheel Center for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives, Cornell University Library
Abstract:
The records of Local 35 includes minutes of Executive Board and Health and Welfare Fund meetings, speeches and reports of Manager Morris Kovler, as well as some correspondence and financial data.
Language:
Collection material in English, Yiddish, Chinese


ILGWU ORGANIZATIONAL HISTORY

The International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union was once one of the largest labor unions in the United States founded in 1900 by local union delegates representing about 2,000 members in cities in the northeastern United States. It was one of the first U.S. Unions to have a membership consisting of mostly females, and it played a key role in the labor history of the 1920s and 1930s. The union is generally referred to as the "ILGWU" or the "ILG". The ILGWU grew in geographical scope, membership size, and political influence to become one of the most powerful forces in American organized labor by mid-century. Representing workers in the women's garment industry, the ILGWU worked to improve working and living conditions of its members through collective bargaining agreements, training programs, health care facilities, cooperative housing, educational opportunities, and other efforts. The ILGWU merged with the Amalgamated Clothing and Textile Workers Union in 1995 to form the Union of Needle trades, Industrial and Textile Employees (UNITE). UNITE merged with the Hotel Employees and Restaurant Employees Union (HERE) in 2004 to create a new union known as UNITE HERE. The two unions that formed UNITE in 1995 represented only 250,000 workers between them, down from the ILGWU's peak membership of 450,000 in 1969.

ORGANIZATIONAL HISTORY

Local 35 of the International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union (ILGWU), also known as the Coat, Suit, Sportswear and Allied Garment Pressers Union, was chartered in 1903 and based in New York, New York.

COLLECTION DESCRIPTION

The records of Local 35 are delineated into four series. The first series consists primarily of speeches. The speeches range in topic and type of address, from upcoming elections, nominations, union business, the industry, and often given at local meetings. They are typed out for reading and include edits. They were most likely given by Morris Kovler, who was elected manager of Local 35 in 1957.
The second series contains reports to the membership. These documents include information on new styles and fabric for the upcoming season, as well as patterns. There is general correspondence as well as financial information such as income and expenditures, and lists of shops that had given raises.
The third series consists of the bound minute books from the Executive Board meetings. The majority of these are in handwritten Yiddish. The final series is composed of a single minute book of the Health and Welfare Fund of Local 35. The first half of the minutes are in Yiddish, while later years appear in English.
SUBJECTS

Names:
International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union.
International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union. Local 35 (New York, N.Y.)

Subjects:
Women's clothing industry--United States.
Women's clothing industry--New York (State)--New York.
Clothing workers--Labor unions--United States.
Clothing workers--Labor unions--New York (State)--New York.
Clothing trade--United States.
Clothing trade--New York (State)--New York.
Industrial relations--United States.
Industrial relations--New York (State)--New York.

Form and Genre Terms:
Records.
Minutes.
Speeches.


INFORMATION FOR USERS

Access Restrictions:
Access to the collections in the Kheel Center is restricted. Please contact a reference archivist for access to these materials.
Restrictions on Use:
This collection must be used in keeping with the Kheel Center Information Sheet and Procedures for Document Use.
Cite As:
ILGWU Local 35 Records #5780/031. Kheel Center for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives, Cornell University Library.

RELATED MATERIALS

Related Collections:
5780: ILGWU records
5780/032: ILGWU New York Cloak Joint Board Minutes
5780/033: ILGWU New York Dress Joint Board Minutes
SERIES LIST

Series I: Speeches, 1961-1976.
Series II: Meetings, Correspondence, etc., 1957-1959.
Series III: Executive Board Minutes, 1927-1977.
Series IV: Health and Welfare Fund Minutes, 1942-1977.

CONTAINER LIST

Container
Description
Date
Box 1 Folder 1 1976
Contains material in Chinese
Box 1 Folder 2 1975
Box 1 Folder 3 1976
Box 1 Folder 4 1973
Box 1 Folder 5 1972
Box 1 Folder 6 1971
Box 1 Folder 7 1969-1970
Box 1 Folder 8 1968
Box 1 Folder 9 1967
Box 1 Folder 10 1966
Box 2 Folder 1 1965
Box 2 Folder 2 1964
Box 2 Folder 3 1964
Box 2 Folder 4 1963
Box 2 Folder 5 1962
Box 2 Folder 6 1961
Box 2 Folder 7 1958-1959
Box 2 Folder 8 1958
Box 2 Folder 9 1958
Box 2 Folder 10 1957
Box 3 Folder 1 1927-1928
Yiddish
Box 3 Folder 2 1928-1931
Yiddish
Box 3 Folder 3 1931-1934
Yiddish
Box 3 Folder 4 1934-1936
Yiddish
Box 3 Folder 5 1936-1939
Yiddish
Box 3 Folder 6 1939-1943
Yiddish
Box 3 Folder 7 1943-1949
Yiddish
Box 3 Folder 8 1949-1955
Yiddish
Box 4 Folder 1 1955-1962
Yiddish
Box 4 Folder 2 1962-1972
Yiddish and English
Box 4 Folder 3 1972-1977
English
Box 4 Folder 4 1942-1977
Yiddish and English