ILGWU. Local 10. Managers' correspondence

Collection Number: 5780/011

Kheel Center for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives, Cornell University Library


DESCRIPTIVE SUMMARY

Title:
ILGWU. Local 10. Managers' correspondence, 1942-1969
Collection Number:
5780/011
Creator:
Nagler, Isidore, 1895- Falikman, Moe Local 10 International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union
Quantity:
8.5 linear ft.
Forms of Material:
Correspondence, reports, photographs.
Repository:
Kheel Center for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives, Cornell University Library
Abstract:
This collection contains the correspondence of two of Local 10 managers, Isidore Nagler and Moe Falikman.
Language:
Collection material in English


ILGWU ORGANIZATIONAL HISTORY

Founded in 1900 by local union delegates representing about 2,000 members in cities in the northeastern United States, the ILGWU grew in geographical scope, membership size, political influence to become one of the most powerful forces in American organized labor by mid-century. Representing workers in the women's garment industry, the ILGWU worked to improve working and living conditions of its members through collective bargaining agreements, training programs, health care facilities, cooperative housing, educational opportunities, and other efforts. In 1995, the ILGWU merged with the Amalgamated Clothing and Textile Workers Union (ACTWU) to form the Union of Needletrades, Industrial and Textile Employees (UNITE).

BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE

Isidore Nagler (1895-1959) came to the United States from Austria-Hungary in 1909 and joined Local 10 of the ILGWU in 1911. He held various positions within the ILGWU, including business agent of Local 10, manager of the New York Cloak Joint Board, International vice president, and manager of the New York Joint Board of the Cloak, Shirt, Skirt and Reefer Makers' Union. He was also involved in the work of the New York State Federation of Labor, American Federation of Labor, American Labor Party, Liberal Party, and the Jewish Labor Committee. Nagler served as manager of Local 10 from 1939- 1952.
Moe Falikman (1893-1971) came to the United State from Austria-Hungary in 1913 and joined Local 10 of the ILGWU in 1916. Within the ILGWU, he served as comptroller, assistant manager, and eventually, manager of Local 10. He also served as chairman of the American Trade Union Council for Histadrut. Falikman served as manager of Local 10 from 1952-1968.

AMALGAMATED LADIES' GARMENT CUTTERS' UNION LOCAL 10 ORGANIZATIONAL HISTORY

The Cutters of Local 10 can be traced back to the Gotham Knife Cutters of 1884 and the United Cloak Cutters in 1886 by the Knights of Labor. These were the predecessors of Local 15 and 6 which were chartered by the ILGWU in 1902 and merged to become Local 10 in 1906. Local 10 played a lead role in the 1910 cloakmakers' strike. Local 10 of the International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union (ILGWU)was also known as the Amalgamated Ladies' Garment Cutters' Union, and based in New York City. Isidore Nagler was Manager of the Amalgamated Ladies' Garment Cutters' Union, Local 10 of the International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union from 1939 to 1952. Moe Falikman succeeded him, serving as manager from 1953 to 1968.

COLLECTION DESCRIPTION

The collection is arranged alphabetically by subject and composed predominantly of correspondence. Amalgamated Cutters' Union Local 10 was a member of the Joint Board of Cloak, Suit, Skirt and Reefer Makers' Union, as well as the Joint Board of the Dress and Waistmakers' Union. Local 10 held a unique position in that its members were split between both Joint Boards. Cutters of cloaks belonged to the Cloak Joint Board and cutters of dresses belonged to the Dress Joint Board. Local 10's dual position in the Joint Boards is reflected in the records. Historical information about Local 10 and cutters can be found with the materials documenting the local's 65th anniversary in 1976.
Administrative records include death benefits and disability plans and claims, group contract for the Health and Welfare Fund, names and addresses for members of the executive board as well as business agents, and information on shops that were non-union or "cut-up" shops and employees who became union members.
There is much material of a political nature including promotional material for political campaigns and campaign donations, both for local elections and the 1968 Humphrey presidential campaign. The ILGWU was a supporter of the Liberal Party, and many members of Local 10 were Liberal Party voters illustrated through correspondence about upcoming elections, candidates and fundraising events. There is substantial information on the election of officers for Local 10, including candidates, slates, literature and pamphlets. Of particular importance is the information regarding the installation of officers, as well as correspondence regarding the ILGWU practice (according to Article 5 Section 28 of the ILGWU constitution) that required newly elected and installed officers to sign undated resignation forms to be deposited with the union. The collection contains some of the resignation forms.
There are cases that came before the executive board of Local 10. Cases appear in forms and are identified by individual and their firm, branch and decision. Additionally, there are cases and decisions that were brought before the Impartial Chairman. Some of the personal correspondence involves grievance charges filed and cases against the local. Of particular importance is the information on the Ernest Holmes case, as the collection contains correspondence with the lawyers of the local that handled the case, specifically Emil Schlesinger. Ernest Holmes was a general laborer in a corset factory who filed a complaint with the New York State Commission for Human Rights on April 4, 1961 against Local 10. Holmes alleged discrimination in his employment and request for union membership. One of his claims was that he was denied membership to Local 10. After a year-long investigation, in June 1962, the commission revealed that the evidence offered probable cause in the complaint against the union. The report required that the ILGWU, specifically Local 10, to arrange for employment for Holmes, and assured membership in Local 10 contingent upon satisfactory training and progression of skills. Shortly after filing the initial complaint, Holmes had been dismissed from his job for poor performance. After the ruling and over the course of the next two years, Local 10 worked with Holmes to find suitable employment. Often, his lack of skills in the cutting trade prevented him from keeping some of the jobs. It took Holmes until December 1964 before his membership application was finally granted.
ILGWU General Office folders refer to correspondence with other locals and the International, departments, memos, plant surveys, and the industry. General correspondence to other locals is arranged by local number. Also in the records are member applications for those who registered to participate in the March on Washington. There is correspondence with the Office and Professional Employees International Union Local 153 covered the full time office employees of the union.
Miscellaneous refers to general correspondence with manufacturers and firms, events, meetings or banquets, with other unions, and members. The Manufacturer Associations represented in the collection include: Affiliated Dress Manufacturers, American Cloak and Suit Manufacturers' Association, Associated Corset and Brassiere Manufacturers, Greater Blouse, Skirt and Neckwear Contractors Association, Children's and Juvenile manufacturers (Infants and Children's Coat Association), Industrial Council of Cloak, Suit and Skirt Manufacturers, Merchants Ladies Garment Association, National Skirt and Sportswear Association, New York Coat and Suit Association, and Popular Priced Dress Manufacturers Group.
Finally there are the files of Moe Falikman. Falikman was the manager of Local 10 from 1952-1968, and there is correspondence, but also biographical information and photographs of Falikman.
SUBJECTS

Names:
Nagler, Isidore,1895-
Falikman, Moe
Amalgamated Ladies' Garment Cutters' Union.
International Ladies' Garment Worker's Union.

Subjects:
Women's clothing industry--United States.
Women's clothing industry--New York (State)--New York.
Labor unions--Clothing workers--United States.
Labor unions--Clothing workers--New York (State)--New York.
Clothing workers--United States.
Clothing workers--New York (State)--New York.
Industrial relations--United States.
Industrial relations--New York (State)--New York.

Form and Genre Terms:
Correspondence.


INFORMATION FOR USERS

Access Restrictions:
Access to the collections in the Kheel Center is restricted. Please contact a reference archivist for access to these materials.
Restrictions on Use:
This collection must be used in keeping with the Kheel Center Information Sheet and Procedures for Document Use.
Cite As:
ILGWU. Local 10. Managers' correspondence #5780/011. Kheel Center for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives, Cornell University Library.

RELATED MATERIALS

Related Collections:
5780/001: ILGWU. Local 10 minutes
5780/001 mf: ILGWU. Local 10. Microfilm
5780/008: ILGWU. Local 10 dues books
5780/012: ILGWU. Local 10. Managers' correspondence
5780/094: ILGWU. Local 10 membership record books
5780/131: ILGWU. Local 10 records

CONTAINER LIST

Container
Description
Date
Box 1 Folder 1 1954-1957
Box 1 Folder 2 1962-1963
Corres. re agreements, & drafts of agreements w. manufacturers, associations and firms.
Box 1 Folder 3 1962-1965
Cutters' Almanac, 1902-62. Thank you letters for sending publication.
Box 1 Folder 4 1957-1968
Corres. re AFL State Convention, 1964-68.
Box 1 Folder 5 1956-1967
Letters requesting redemption of bonds from local members.
Box 1 Folder 6 1958
Decision concerning Local 10 members.
Box 1 Folder 7 1967
Incl. copy of an agreement between Blue Cross & Health & Welfare Fund of the Jt. Bd. of Cloak, Suit, Skirt & Reefer Makers Union & between Blue Cross & Local 10.
Box 1 Folder 8 1954-1968
Incl. affiliated Dress Mfrs., Inc., Industrial Council of Cloak, Suit & Skirt Mfrs., Inc.
Box 1 Folder 9 1954-1967
Incl. Infants' & Children's Coat Assoc., Inc.
Box 1 Folder 10 1956-1963
Incl. Infanta' & Children's Novelties Assoc., Negligee Mfrs. Assoc.
Box 1 Folder 11 1961-1968
New York Coat & Suit Assoc., Inc.
Box 1 Folder 12 1955-1968
New York Raincoat Mfrs. Assoc., Inc.
Box 2 Folder 1 1956-1967
Box 2 Folder 2
Box 2 Folder 3 1958-1963
Corres. re Bruckner case
Box 2 Folder 4 1960-1966
Corres. re charges brought by Buchwald against Bernard Zionsky, Business Agent of Local 10, 1965-66, & charges against Assistant Manager Harry Shapiro, 1960-61.
Box 2 Folder 5 1956-1969
Box 2 Folder 6 1968
Incl. Union releases and publications on presidential campaign.
Box 2 Folder 7 1952-1965
Releases on campaigns.
Box 2 Folder 8 1961-1966
Box 2 Folder 9 1966
Box 2 Folder 10 1964
Corres. on (political) education class of Local 10,
Box 2 Folder 11 1966-1968
Incl. Corres. w. Murray Kolker, Samuel Stuftman, Henoch Mendelsund, 1966-68.
Box 2 Folder 12 1962-1965
Box 3 Folder 1 1957-1961
Incl. proposed amendments to rules and regulations of the Health, Welfare and Severance Fund of the Joint Board; corres. w. Isidore Nagler, 1957-59.
Box 3 Folder 2 1954-1956
Corres; report on coat and suit industry by Nagler, March 1954.
Box 3 Folder 3 1968
Letters to Local 10 on death of Moe Falikman; list of contributors to the Moe Falikman Histadrut Scholarship Fund, November 1968.
Box 3 Folder 4a 1959-1968
Arranged alphabetically by organization.
Box 3 Folder 4b 1959-1968
Arranged alphabetically by organization.
Box 3 Folder 5 1965-1968
Box 3 Folder 6 1959-1962
Box 3 Folder 7 1964-1968
Box 3 Folder 8 1957-1958
Box 3 Folder 9 1954-1957
Box 3 Folder 10 1963-1965
Case and decision before the National Labor Relations Board.
Box 3 Folder 11 1954-1968
Corres. w. Harry Haskel, Director, Death Benefits Dept. on disabled person membership (sample letters).
Box 4 Folder 1 1956-1961
Memorandums from Morris Sackman, director.
Box 4 Folder 2 1957-1965
Box 4 Folder 3 1957-1961
Financial and statistical reports.
Box 4 Folder 5 1956-1958
Financial and statistical reports.
Box 4 Folder 6
Box 4 Folder 7a 1956-1959
Box 4 Folder 7b 1956-1959
Box 4 Folder 8 1958-1968
Corres. w. Charles S. Zimmerman, 1958-68; memorandums to local depts. and district managers.
Box 4 Folder 9 1964-1967
Audit of firms.
Box 5 Folder 1 1955-1962
Box 5 Folder 2a 1968
Incl. pamphlets, circulars, ballot results and related material.
Box 5 Folder 2b 1968
Incl. pamphlets, circulars, ballot results and related material.
Box 5 Folder 3 1965
Box 5 Folder 4 1962
Box 5 Folder 5 1959
Box 5 Folder 6 1956
Box 5 Folder 7 1955-1957
Box 5 Folder 8a 1967-1968
Requests from firms to local re employees (sample copies).
Box 5 Folder 8b 1967-1968
Requests from firms to local re employees (sample copies).
Box 6 Folder 1a 1965-1966
Box 6 Folder 1b 1965-1966
Box 6 Folder 2 1963-1964
Box 6 Folder 3 1961-1962
Box 6 Folder 4 1959-1960
Box 6 Folder 5 1954-1958
Box 6 Folder 6 1966
Corres. re negotiations.
Box 6 Folder 7 1956-1967
Box 6 Folder 8 1954
Box 7 Folder 1 1955-1967
Box 7 Folder 2 1958-1967
Incl. Local 10 reports to G.E.B.; Research Department reports on garment industry.
Box 7 Folder 3 1954-1957
Box 7 Folder 4 1954-1968
Box 7 Folder 5 1957
Incl. requests for publication.
Box 7 Folder 6 1955-1963
Incl. Corres. w. Group Health Insurance, Inc.; Health Insurance Plan (HIP); Associated Hospital Service of N.Y.
Box 7 Folder 7 1965-1968
Incl minutes of meetings.
Box 7 Folder 8 1957-1958
Box 7 Folder 9 1954-1968
Box 7 Folder 10 1968
Incl. Corres. on campaigns, speeches of Moe Falikman.
Box 7 Folder 11 1967
Box 7 Folder 12 1965-1966
Box 7 Folder 13 1963-1964
Box 7 Folder 14 1961-1962
Box 8 Folder 1 1954-1960
Box 8 Folder 2a 1962-1963
Incl. Corres. w. Emil Schlesinger, legal material.
Box 8 Folder 2b 1962-1963
Incl. Corres. w. Emil Schlesinger, legal material.
Box 8 Folder 2c 1962-1963
Incl. Corres. w. Emil Schlesinger, legal material.
Box 8 Folder 3 1958-1967
Box 8 Folder 4 1957-1968
Decisions and reports of Investigations.
Box 8 Folder 5 1957-1965
Dress decisions.
Box 8 Folder 6 1962-1968
George Mintzer, Impartial Chairman.
Box 9 Folder 1 1954-1961
Complaints.
Box 9 Folder 2 1968
Box 9 Folder 3 1967
Box 9 Folder 4 1966
Box 9 Folder 5 1965
Box 9 Folder 6 1964
Box 10 Folder 1 1963
Box 10 Folder 2 1962
Box 10 Folder 3 1961
Box 10 Folder 4 1960
Box 10 Folder 5 1959
Box 11 Folder 1 1957-1958
Box 11 Folder 2 1955-1956
Box 11 Folder 3 1954
Box 11 Folder 4 1966-1968
Incl. cases.
Box 11 Folder 5 1957-1960
Box 11 Folder 6 1949-1959
Box 11 Folder 7 1961-1968
Corres. w. organizations on projects in Israel.
Box 12 Folder 1 1955-1968
Box 12 Folder 2 1955-1968
Box 12 Folder 3 1955-1967
Box 12 Folder 4 1954-1965
Box 12 Folder 5 1956-1966
Box 12 Folder 6 1963
Box 12 Folder 7 1957-1968
Box 12 Folder 8 1957
Box 12 Folder 9 1959-1968
Corres., releases and printed material.
Box 13 Folder 1 1965-1968
Box 13 Folder 2 1963-1964
Box 13 Folder 3 1960-1962
Box 13 Folder 4 1954-1959
Box 13 Folder 5 1965-1968
Box 13 Folder 6 1954-1964
Box 13 Folder 7 1962-1968
Box 14 Folder 1 1942-1968
Box 14 Folder 2 1954-1968
Box 14 Folder 3 1954-1968
Box 14 Folder 4 1954-1967
Box 14 Folder 5 1963
Box 14 Folder 6 1957
Employers requesting Union to grant employee membership in Local.
Box 14 Folder 7 1960
Case.
Box 14 Folder 8 1968
Box 14 Folder 9 1967
Box 14 Folder 10 1966
Box 15 Folder 1 1964-1965
Box 15 Folder 2 1961-1963
Box 15 Folder 3 1954-1960
Box 15 Folder 4 1954-1968
Box 15 Folder 5 1957-1967
Cases
Box 15 Folder 6 1962-1968
Box 15 Folder 7 1959-1963
Box 15 Folder 8 1955-1958
Box 15 Folder 9 1962-1966
Box 15 Folder 10 1955-1962
Box 15 Folder 11 1965-1967
Corres. pertaining to collective bargaining agreements w. Union; Incl. agreements.
Box 16 Folder 1 1955-1968
Box 16 Folder 2 1966
Corres. re collective agreement; incl. agreement of 1966.
Box 16 Folder 3 1958-1960
Box 16 Folder 4 1957-1963
Box 16 Folder 5 1963-1964
Box 16 Folder 6 1954-1958
Box 16 Folder 7 1955-1959
Box 16 Folder 8 1960
November 1960. Pension increases.
Box 16 Folder 9 1954-1968
Box 16 Folder 10 1966
Incl. judgement entered against Princess Ann Girl Coat, Inc. March 1966.
Box 16 Folder 11 1959-1960
Box 16 Folder 12 1967
April 22, 1967.
Box 17 Folder 1 1955-1966
Box 17 Folder 2 1959
Box 17 Folder 3 1960
Box 17 Folder 4 1958
Box 17 Folder 5 1953-1968
Box 17 Folder 6 1954-1968
Box 17 Folder 7 1955-1965
Box 17 Folder 8 1954-1966
Box 17 Folder 9 1954-1968
Box 17 Folder 10 1955-1966
Box 17 Folder 11 1966-1968
Box 17 Folder 12 1963-1965
Box 17 Folder 13 1961-1962
Box 17 Folder 14 1958-1960
Box 17 Folder 15 1954-1957
Incl. congratulatory messages upon election to vice, president, May 1956.
Box 17 Folder 16
30 photographs.