Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters, Chicago Division, Selected Papers on Microfilm

Collection Number: 5462 mf

Kheel Center for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives, Cornell University Library


DESCRIPTIVE SUMMARY

Title:
Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters, Chicago Division, Selected Papers on Microfilm, 1925-1938
Collection Number:
5462 mf
Creator:
Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters
Quantity:
4 microfilm reels
Forms of Material:
Records (documents), microfilm.
Repository:
Kheel Center for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives, Cornell University Library
Abstract:
Largely intra-union correspondence with A. Philip Randolph and other national officers regarding local organizing efforts, grievances, rival unionism, and other matters of interest to the division. Originals in the Chicago Historical Society.
Language:
Collection material in English


ORGANIZATIONAL HISTORY

The International Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters and Maids was the first African American labor union chartered by the American Federation of Labor (AFL). Pullman porters, dissatisfied with their treatment by the Chicago-based Pullman Company, sought the assistance of A. Philip Randolph and others in organizing their own union, founded in New York in 1925. The new union assigned Milton P. Webster to direct its organizing in Chicago, home to the largest number of Pullman's 15,000 porters.
As a black organization, not just a union, the Brotherhood was an important early component of the civil rights movement. Porters distributed the Chicago Defender after that black newspaper was banned from mail distribution in many southern states. The Pullman Company's recognition of the union in 1937 and the expansion of Brotherhood membership and activities slowly fractured segregation within the AFL.
In 1978, the decline of the railroad industry led the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters to merge with the much larger Brotherhood of Railway, Airline, Steamship Clerks, Freight Handlers, Express, and Station Employees.
The Electronic Encyclopedia of Chicago

COLLECTION DESCRIPTION

Largely intra-union correspondence with A. Philip Randolph and other national officers regarding local organizing efforts, grievances, rival unionism, and other matters of interest to the division. Originals in the Chicago Historical Society.
SUBJECTS

Names:
Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters.
Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters. Chicago Division.

Subjects:
Railroads -- Employees -- Labor unions -- Illinois -- Chicago.
Grievance arbitration -- Illinois -- Chicago.
Sleeping cars (Railroads)

Form and Genre Terms:
Records (documents)
Microfilm.


INFORMATION FOR USERS

Access Restrictions:
Access to the collections in the Kheel Center is restricted. Please contact a reference archivist for access to these materials.
Restrictions on Use:
This collection must be used in keeping with the Kheel Center Information Sheet and Procedures for Document Use.
Cite As:
Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters, Chicago Division, Selected Papers on Microfilm #5462 mf. Kheel Center for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives, Cornell University Library.

CONTAINER LIST

Container
Description
Date
Reel 1 Item 1 1925-1927
positive
Reel 2 Item 1 1927-1932
positive
Reel 3 Item 1 1932-1938
positive