Paul Brissenden, "The First Decade of the I.W.W." Notes.

Collection Number: 5440

Kheel Center for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives, Cornell University Library


DESCRIPTIVE SUMMARY

Title:
Paul Brissenden, "The First Decade of the I.W.W." Notes., 1913-1960
Collection Number:
5440
Creator:
Brissenden, Paul
Quantity:
0.5 linear ft.
Forms of Material:
Bibliographies, clippings (information artifacts) .
Repository:
Kheel Center for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives, Cornell University Library
Abstract:
Notes and raw data for "The First Decade of the I.W.W." by Paul F. Brissenden.
Language:
Collection material in English


BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE

Labor historian and professor of labor economics, whose research included the history of the Industrial Workers of the World, the first major American industrial and syndicalist union.
Brissenden (Ph.D. Columbia University) served as a special investigator for the US Bureau of Labor Statistics (1915-1920), taught labor economics and history at New York University (1920-1921) and at Columbia University, where he remained until his retirement. In addition to a number of publications in labor economics, Professor Brissenden wrote two major histories of the Industrial Workers of the World.

ORGANIZATIONAL HISTORY

Established in Chicago, 1905, by sponsors of socialism and the remnants of radical labor unions, including the Knights of Labor, Western Federation of Miners and the American Labor Union, the Industrial Workers of the World (IWW) or "Wobblies", evolved into a radical industrial union which waged campaigns for improved working conditions, wages and hours of work, as well as workers' control in mines, mills, lumber camps and factories.

COLLECTION DESCRIPTION

Consists chiefly of incoming letters, newspaper and journal articles and clippings, documents, and notes of the Industrial Workers of the World (IWW) from its founding in 1905 to 1928. The bulk of the information derived from these sources was used by Brissenden in researching a book he was at the time engaged in writing (eventually published as THE IWW; A STUDY OF AMERICAN SYNDICALISM). General topics covered by the collection include the membership of the IWW; the structure of the union, particularly with reference to locals; theories of syndicalism and "direct action"; free speech fights in varoius cities; and the criminal syndicalism and sabotage acts passed by various states in tye years 1917-1919. Also included are numerous drafts of portions of the book.
Specifically, the collection includes letters to Brissenden from Archie Robertson, IWW organizer, criticizing the title of Brissenden's book and taking exception to Brissenden's description of the IWW as syndicalist (1922); E. Pfister (Socialist Labor Party) requesting copies of Brissenden's book to be used in an unnamed trial (1922); Vincent St. John giving estimates, by year, of IWW membership, number of local charters granted, number of locals disbanding, and distribution of membership by industry (1915); Sidney Osborne (Arizona secretary of state) informing Brissenden that a state sabotage law had been vetoed by Governer Lister (1918); and William D. Haywood from Moscow, Russia, answering in detail Brissenden's queries about the history of the Western Federation of Miners and giving locations of documents relating to that organization (1923). Also, letter of William D. Haywood to C. McCarty (US Commission on Industrial Relations) regarding free speech fights in Kansas City, Kans., Los Angeles, Calif., Aberdeen, S.D., Denver, Colo., and Minot, N.D.
Also included in the collection are numerous copies of anti-syndicalist and anti-sabotage legislation from various states. Included, as well, are numerous newspaper and article clippings on anti-syndicalist legislation.
In addition, collection includes copies of IWW convention proceedings and constitutions; essays by Brissenden on a variety of topics, including amnesty for IWW members convicted under anti-syndicalism laws, the IWW attitude toward the state, and the development of syndicalism in the IWW after 1909; and notes on many aspects of the development of the IWW and American radicalism, including comments on the formation of the United Harbor and Marine Workers of America, on the splits and differences among the left-wing parties in America, on Elizabeth Gurley Flynn's attitude toward William Haywood's leaving for Russia (1921), on the attitude of the IWW toward Soviet Russia (specifically the Red Traade Union International, 1921), on strikes conducted by the IWW, and syndicalism in Germany, France, and Italy.
Finally, copies of a notice served on behalf of the Durst Brothers to the County Boards of Directors of Yuma, Sutter, and Placer counties, declaring an imminent threat to property in those counties as a result of a proposed strike by IWW agricultural workers (1914); a copy of demands made by strikers at the Stone and Webster Construction Company in Big Creek (1913); and a questionnaire on conditions in logging camps (n.d.), among other documents.
Portions of collection in French and German.
SUBJECTS

Names:
Brissenden, Paul F.(Paul Frederick), 1885-1974
Flynn, Elizabeth Gurley, 1890-1964
McCarty, C.
Robertson, Archie
St. John, Vincent, 1876-1929.
Industrial Workers of the World
United Harbor and Marine Workers of America

Subjects:
Criminal syndicalism -- United States
Freedom of speech -- United States
Radicalism -- United States
Sabotage -- United States
Sedition -- United States
Syndicalism -- United States
Strikes and lockouts. Agricultural workers. California.
Working conditions. Lumber industry. United States.

Form and Genre Terms:
Bibliographies
Clippings (information artifacts)


INFORMATION FOR USERS

Access Restrictions:
Access to the collections in the Kheel Center is restricted. Please contact a reference archivist for access to these materials.
Restrictions on Use:
This collection must be used in keeping with the Kheel Center Information Sheet and Procedures for Document Use.
Cite As:
Paul Brissenden, "The First Decade of the I.W.W." Notes. #5440. Kheel Center for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives, Cornell University Library.

RELATED MATERIALS

Related Collections:
IWW Collection

CONTAINER LIST

Container
Description
Date
Box 1 Folder 1 1960
Includes: "Human Relations and Efficient Production," "Satisfying the Salaried Employee," "Employee Communications for Better Understanding," "Improving Human Relations," "Dealing with Employees as Individuals," "Checkpoints for Sound Collective Bargainin
Box 1 Folder 2 1922
Box 1 Folder 3 1913-1928
Box 1 Folder 4 1917-1918
Box 1 Folder 5
Box 1 Folder 6
Box 1 Folder 7
Box 1 Folder 8
Box 1 Folder 9