International Typographical Union, Local 6 Legal Files

Collection Number: 5345

Kheel Center for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives, Cornell University Library


DESCRIPTIVE SUMMARY

Title:
International Typographical Union, Local 6 Legal Files, 1906
Collection Number:
5345
Creator:
International Typographical Union, Local 6
Quantity:
0.3 linear ft.
Forms of Material:
Records (documents).
Repository:
Kheel Center for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives, Cornell University Library
Abstract:
This collection contains Volumes I and II of the Papers on Appeal to the Appellate Court in the matter of the punishment of the Typographical Union No. 6, Patrick McCormick et al for criminal contempt.
Language:
Collection material in English


ORGANIZATIONAL HISTORY

During the summer of 1905, Local Six of the International Typographical Union of New York City decided that they would demand an eight hour day when negotiating contracts for the following year. The Typothetae, an association of some 56 publishing houses,notified the union in early November that they would not sign a new contract when the old one expired on December 31, 1905. Meanwhile the union negotiated contracts with some 281 publishing houses employing approximately 7,000 of the union's 8,000 members which included an eight hour day. On January 2, 1906, no new agreement having been signed, the members of Local Six ceased to work for the Typothetae.
On February 28, 1906 the Typothetae appealed to the New York State Supreme Court for an injunction on the grounds that Local 6 members were using threats of intimidation and violence to persuade the non-union members of the Typothetae either to leave the job or join the union. The court issued an injunction on March 2 which restrained the union from using force but did not enjoin picketing.
In April, counsel for the Association requested the court to cite certain officers and members of the union for contempt, because the acts the injunction restrained had not ceased. The court appointed a referee to take testimony and made recommendations. The referee found that a great many of the allegations of threats and intimidation were supported by the facts, and that some of the men were not aware that this was precisely what the injunction enjoined. The referee held that Patrick McCormick and the other officiers were responsible for explaining the meaning of the injunction to the membership. A mere reading of the injunction at a meeting attended by only 1,000 of the union's members did not discharge this responsibility and they were, therefore, guilty of contempt for violating the injunction.
The court fined the officers of the union $250 each and sentenced them to 20 days in jail. It also fined two members $100 each. This was the first time that officers of a union were held responsible for the acts of members of that union. The union appealed the decision to the New York State Appelate Court.

COLLECTION DESCRIPTION

This collection contains Volumes I and II of the Papers on Appeal to the Appellate Court in the matter of the punishment of the Typographical Union No. 6, Patrick McCormick et al for criminal contempt. Totaling 823 pages, the Papers contain the Injunction, the hearings before the referee, and additional affidavits presented to the Appellate Court.
SUBJECTS

Names:
McCormick, Patrick H.
International Typographical Union. No. 6 (New York, N.Y.)
Typothetae of the City of New York.

Subjects:
Hours of labor -- New York (State) -- New York.
Arbitration, Industrial -- New York (State) -- New York.
Printing industry -- Employees -- Labor unions -- New York (State) -- New York.

Form and Genre Terms:
Records (documents)


INFORMATION FOR USERS

Access Restrictions:
Access to the collections in the Kheel Center is restricted. Please contact a reference archivist for access to these materials.
Restrictions on Use:
This collection must be used in keeping with the Kheel Center Information Sheet and Procedures for Document Use.
Cite As:
International Typographical Union, Local 6 Legal Files #5345. Kheel Center for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives, Cornell University Library.

CONTAINER LIST

Container
Description
Date
Box 1 Folder 1 1906
Volume 1, pages 1 to 418.
Box 1 Folder 2 1906
Volume 2, pages 419 to 827.