hand-colored lithograph
By Genevieve and Virgina Jones & Eliza Shulze.

text from the plate


Turdus Migratorius.



"There is no pasture too bare, no woods too thick, no town too smoky, for this cosmopolitan. Wherever a proper food-supply for the young can be obtained, there the Robin may build her nest, seeming to care little whether it be placed in the drooping branches of the willow overhanging the river, the oak upon the hill-top, or the shade tree upon the busy thoroughfare. ... The nest illustrated was taken on the 19th of May, 1879, from a small elm-tree growing in a field near a road. It represents the ordinary position, size, and materials of construction; the foundation contains but little material, this consists of weed-stems and mud; the superstructure is composed of finer weed-stems, fibres, grasses, a few chicken-feathers, and the usual plaster of mud; the lining is of blades of grass, which are very unevenly distributed. ... The mother-bird is, by close observers, said to build the nest unassisted by her mate. The male may now and then bring a stick or straw, but she does not permit him to take an active part either as architect or builder."