Hill Collection Early- to Mid-19th
European artists & authors
A highly important ornithologist working at the turn of the century was Coenraad Jacob
Temminck [1778-1858], the son of Jacob Temminck, for whom Le Vaillant collected specimens.
Coenraad Temminck was a noted collector and systematist. He was one of the earliest
ornithologists to become interested in studying one bird species in detail, rather than in
adding new species to his collections. His in-depth studies of pigeons contributed greatly
to his reputation as an ornithologist.
Coenraad Temminck's Manuel d'ornithologie, ou Tableau systematique des oiseaux qui
se trouvent en Europe, issued first in 1815 and then in a four-volume enlarged edition
from 1820 to 1840, remained the standard work on European avifauna for many years. A copy
of the four-volume edition is part of the Cornell collections. Temminck's earliest
publication was a catalog of about 1,100 species in his father's large collection, called Catalogue
systematique du cabinet d'ornithologie et de la collection de quadrumanes de Crd. Jb.
Temminck (1807). A copy of this title appears in the Hill Collection, as does his
small work Observation
sur la classification methodique des oiseaux (1817).
Major monographs devoted to a single species or group of species became increasingly
characteristic of the 19th century, as the growth of scientific information made it very
difficult to describe all the avian world in detail in one work. Histoire
naturelle et mythologique de l'ibis (1805) was an early 19th-century monograph by
Jules Savigny. Two or three decades later hummingbirds were given a good deal of attention
by Sir William Jardine [1800-1874] and René Primevère Lesson [1794-1849]. Jardine's The
natural history of hummingbirds appeared initially in 1833 and continued to be
included in the Ornithology volumes of his Naturalist's library. Lesson's Histoire
naturelle des oiseaux-mouches was published about 1829, followed by Les
trochilidées (1833) and Histoire
naturelle des colibris suivi d'un supplement à l'histoire des oiseaux-mouches (1847).
A different kind of bird altogether was the concern of Hugh Edwin Strickland [1811-1853],
The dodo and its kindred (1848).
Online guide developed from:
Ornithology Collections in the Libraries at Cornell University: A Descriptive Guide
Revised Edition, 1999
Ithaca, New York
© 1999 Cornell University Library
Webpage last revised: 6/10/99 by jfc & clsb.