The scholastic method, with its emphasis on Aristotelian philosophy, became
so dominant and entrenched in the university system that it excited a
reaction. This reaction was spearheaded in the 14th century by Francesco
Petrarch, the Florentine humanist known as the Father of the Italian Renaissance.
Petrarch was instrumental not only in challenging the dominance of scholasticism,
but also in furthering the prestige of vernacular literature, as this
deluxe manuscript of his Tuscan poetry demonstrates.
Bequeathed in 1904 to Cornell University Library by
Francesco Petrarch. Trionfi. Italy (Florence),
third quarter of the fifteenth century.