Frances Elizabeth Willard
Throughout the 19th century, women played a prominent role
in the promotion of "temperance," or restraint in the use of
alcohol. Women had experienced first-hand how the time and money their
husbands spent in bars harmed the familyespecially when a drunken
evening ended in a beating for the wife or the children, as it often did.
Under Frances E. Willards leadership, the Womens
Christian Temperance Union became the eras leading temperance organizationmany
times larger than the suffrage organizations led by Susan B. Anthony or
Elizabeth Cady Stanton.
Frances Elizabeth Willard. Nineteen Beautiful Years,
or, Sketches of a Girl's Life. Chicago: Woman's Temperance Publication