The Joseph Keppler Iroquois Papers

Compiled by Mary B. Davis

Contents

… Preface
… Guide to the Microfilm Text

Preface

The Joseph Keppler papers in the Huntington Free Library reflect the long association Keppler had with the Iroquois peoples, principally the Seneca, of New York State. The earliest papers in the Library date from 1882; they continue through 1944, when Keppler remarried and left New York, giving his papers to the Library of the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation. The collection is calendared chronologically; the papers are arranged by correspondent. Keppler carried on active correspondence with several individuals over a significant period of time. As the collection is primarily their letters to Keppler, this correspondence is a record of events and people at the Tonawanda and Cattaraugus reservations, among others, over the first part of the twentieth century. Well-known correspondents include noted Seneca scholar, Arthur C. Parker; artist, Jesse Cornplanter; and Mohawk poet, E. Pauline Johnson. Other parts of the collection include newspapers clippings on Iroquois subjects, government documents, Seneca vocabulary collected by Keppler, and other miscellaneous documents related to the Iroquois.

Keppler, a political cartoonist for Puck Magazine, was an avid collector of Indian artifacts. This interest led him to an association with George Heye, director of the Museum of the American Indian. Keppler often acted as an intermediary between other collectors and Native artisans, facilitating the expansion of the Iroquois collection of the Museum of the American Indian
and others. He played an active role in the lives of many Seneca (and some Onondaga) individuals. At the death of Harriet Converse in 1903, he was chosen by the Seneca as her successor. Both he and those who wrote to him used his Seneca name regularly. Many envelopes in the Keppler papers are simply addressed "Gyantwaka, Puck Building, N.Y.C." His concern for his Seneca friends was manifested on both personal and political levels. Letters to him are full of thanks for monetary gifts and donations of clothing, and bring him up to date with family news
as well. He actively promoted Iroquois lacrosse teams, and his connections with the railroad enabled him to procure discount railroad passes for New York Indians, especially those travelling to Canada on Confederacy business. On the national scene, Keppler worked with others to defeat or substantially modify proposed legislation allot the New York State reservations. His papers indicate he was most involved with Seneca issues and people in the first two decades of the twentieth century. He continued his interest in Iroquois people into the 1940s, more or less concluding the period reflected in these papers with the publication in 1941 of Comments on Certain Iroquois Masks by the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation.

Iroquoian scholars have often used the Keppler papers in doing research on prominent individuals, such as Arthur C. Parker. They will find the correspondence to Keppler also
provides a rich picture of life on the Seneca reservations in the early twentieth century. Preserving this collection archivally on microfilm ensures its availability to future scholars, and makes it accessible in libraries throughout the country via inter-library loan. While much of the collection warrants individual preservation treatment as well, this microfilm edition is an important first step.

Guide to the Microfilm Text

The collection of Joseph Keppler's Iroquois papers in the Huntington Free Library is on seven rolls of microfilm. The contents are oulined below. A film frame number in bold type follows each entry, indicating the place on the microfilm where the entry begins. Frame numbers on the microfilm are located at the very bottom of each frame.

Reel 1 Frame No.

Calendars

A. 1882-1903 1

B. 1904-1908 56

C. 1909-1918 107

D. 1919-1933 163

E. 1934-1944 228

F. Catalog-Individuals 308

Correspondence

A2. Abrams, Chauncey H. 1900-1905. 316

A2.1. Abrams, Frank 1908. 361

B4. Bishop, Thomas G. 1921. 365

B6. Black, Barber 1905-1906. 369

B7. Bowen, Charley 1917. 373

B7.1. Bowen, Nancy 1934. 377

C6. Converse, Harriet Maxwell-Letters. 396

C6.A. Converse, Harriet Maxwell-Clippings relating to death and funeral. 484

C6.B. Converse, Harriet Maxwell-Miscellaneous clippings. 550

C6.M. Converse, Harriet Maxwell-Miscellaneous. 629

C7. Cook, Farnham 1911-1929. 640

C7.3. Cooper, Moses 1904. 700

C8. Chief Corenthe 1904. 705

C8.3. Cornplanter, Edward. 713

Reel 2

C8.4. Cornplanter, Jesse. 1

C8.5. Cornplanter, Nancy. 202

C9. Crow, James 1906-1941. 206

C9.1. Crow, Julia 1901-1903. 219

C9.2. Crow, William & Mrs. 1904. 229

D2. Davies or Davis, Mary 1906. 233

D3. Deerfoot matters. 239

D3.M. Deerfoot matters. 279

D5. Dibo, Frank 1906-1908. 287

D5.1. Dibo, Mitchell 1909. 299

D7. Doxon, Charles 1905-1909. 304

D7.1. Doxtader, Orlando 1900-1903. 324

D8. Doyle, Lewis J. 1902-1903. 331

E7. Elm, A.A. 1905. 344

F2. Farmer, Mrs. Orris 1905. 347

F2.2. Fatty, Thomas 1908. 355

G3. George, Simon 1909-1911. 358

G8. Green, Louise. 365

G8.2. Ground, Harrison 1941. 369

H2. Halftown, James H. 1899. 374

H2.2. Hartman, Cary W. matter [Includes correspondence from Arthur C. Parker] 379

H2.2.MHartman, Cary W. matter, con't 467

H3. Hemlock, Joseph 1911. 483

H3.1. Hemlock, Sackett 1907-1913. 487

H4. Hill, C.D. 1932-1933. 512

H4.1. Hill, David R. 1904-1927. 526

H4.2. Hill, Elijah 1902-1903. 541

I8. Isaac, Harry 1907-1923. 561

I8.1. Isaac, Reuben 1940. 569

J1. Jacobs, George 1909. 572

J1.1. Jacobs, Jasper 1909. 575

J1.2. Jacobs, Joseph 1904. 578

J1.4. Jacobs, Sally 1904. 584

J3.2. Jimerson, Howard 1908-1909. 595

J3.3. Jimerson, Jacob M. 1902-1903. 611

J3.5. Jimerson, Mrs. Walter 1933-1936. 643

J5. John, Andrew 1900-1905. 651

J5.3. John, Perry L. 1908. 661

J6. Johnson, Charles. 666

J6.4. Johnson, Freeman. 674

J6.6. Johnson, Lyman 1906-1923 #1-85 698
Johnson, Lyman 1924-1936 #86-172
Johnson, Lyman 1937-1943 #173-252

Reel 3

J7. Johnson, Morses 1904. 1

J8. Jones, Adam 1901-1913. 4

J8.2. Jones, Gerry 1908. 29

J8.3. Jones, Hiram 1905. 33

J8.4. Jones, Jennie 1931-1942. 37

J8.6. Jones, Orrin 1901. 53

J8.8. Jones, R. Deforest 1902. 57

J8.9. Jones, Sophia 1935. 62

J8.9.2Jones, Thomas E. 66

J9. Jordan, Margarette 1911-1914. 90

K2. Kennedy, Charles 1907-1912. 128

K2.2. Kennedy, Frank A. & Mrs. 1904. 133

K2.5. Kennedy, LeRoy W. 1908. 141

K2.8. Kennedy, Thomas H. 1901-1907. 146

K3.A. Keppler, Joseph-Correspondence. 161

K3.B. Keppler, Joseph-Personal. 175

K3.C. Keppler, Joseph-Speeches and Greetings. 209

K3.D. Keppler, Joseph-Seneca Silver Star. 277

K3.E. Keppler, Joseph-Ethnological notes and excerpts from source material. 330

K3.F. Keppler, Joseph-Anecdotes, personal experiences. 506

K3.G. Keppler, Joseph-Folklore. 521

K3.H. Keppler, Joseph-Ceremonies. 585

K3.I. Keppler, Joseph-Handsome Lake. 623

K3.J. Keppler, Joseph-Newtown Long House Wampum. 664

K3.K. Keppler, Joseph-Powers of attorney, etc. 680

K3.L. Keppler, Joseph-Little Water Society meeting notices. 688

K3.M. Keppler, Joseph-Miscellaneous. 724

K4. King, Dinah Sundown. 841

Reel 4

K5. Kittle, Delos. 1

K5.2. Kittle, Jane 1899. 182

K5.4. Kittle, Louisa. 185

K7. Kunz, George K. 1911. 192

L2. LaFrance, Noah 1904. 200

L3. Lay, Chester C. 1903-1904. 204

L3.2. Lay, Kelly 1901-1904. 210

L3.3. Lay, Moses 1902. 224

L3.4. Lay, Skidmore 1908. 233

L3.6. Lay, Mrs. Young 1909. 237

L6. Logan, Alfred 1904-1933. 242

L6.2. Logan, Frank 1905-1910. 256

L7. Longfeather, James 1903-1904. 268

L8. Lummis, Charles F. 1911. 284

L9. Lyons, Anna C. 1935. 288

L9.3. Lyons, Jesse 1912. 293

M2. Martin, Richmond 1932-1942. 296

M3. Meyer, Fred R. 1913. 334

M4. Miller, Thomas A. 1928. 338

M6. Moore, F.E. 1909. 348

N2. New York State Museum 1913-1914. 352

N4. Ninham, Fred & Mrs. 360

P2. Parker, Arthur. See also H2.2 658

Reel 5

P2.2. Parker, Ely S. 1

P2.5. Patterson, A. E. 1904. 25

P2.7. Patterson, N. C. 1910. 32

P5. Phillips, Eliza 1929-1932. 44

P5.2. Phillips, James 1905. 67

P6.2. Pierce, George 1901-1906. 73

P6.4. Pierce, Lucy G. 1902. 84

P.6.8 Pierce, Ulysses G. 1905. 89

R2. Red Eagle, Dan [LaFrance] 1905-1912. 93

R2.2. Regis, Joseph 1906. 110

R6. Rockwell, W. Honyoust 1908. 114

S2. Sandy, William. 118

S2.2. Saylor, Louis 1903-? 124

S3. Schanandoah, Chapman. 135

S3.2. Scanandoah, Enoch. 303

S3.4. Schneider or Snyder, Leonard Everette. 332

S3.7. Seitz, Don C. 1915. 361

S4. Shongo, Moses 1900. 364

S4.2. Skye, Fannie D. 1930. 373

S4.5. Skye, Solon 1905-1906. 379

S6. Smith, Eva 1929-1932. 387

S6.2. Smith, Peter 1904. 416

S6.6. Snyder, John L. 1908. 420

S7.2. Solomon, Louis 1914. 423

S7.3. Solomon, Michael 1913. 427

S8. Stacey, Moses 1909. 432

S8.2. Sundown, Arnold 1936. 438

S8.3. Sundown, Charlotte 1906-1910 442

S8.5. Sundown, Jesse 1933. 448

S8.6. Sundown, John 1931-1932. 456

T1. Taft, J. R. 1928-1929. 465

T2. Tahamont, E. 1905. 476

T2.2. Tallchief, William 1904. 479

T3. Terrance, Peter D. 1904. 482

T4. Thomas, Baptist and Mrs. 1900-1917. 486

T4.2. Thomas, Edward 1905. 506

T4.4. Thomas, Electa 1917. 509

T6. Thompson, Salena 1929. 514

T6.2. Thompson, Samuel 1912-1916. 518

V2. VanEvery, George and Mrs. 1908-1917. 530

W1. Wanamaker Memorial. 568

W2. Warrior, David. 591

W3. West Shore Railroad. 599

W4. White, Alice. 615

W4.2. White, Clayton W. 767

W4.4. White, Grace D. 771

W5. White Eagle, Joseph 1905-1906. 778

W6.2. Williams, L.S. 1904. 787

W6.4. Williams, Spencer 1906. 790

W6.6. Wilson, George. 793

W6.8. Wilson, Leroy 1906. 799

W7. Wood, Joseph. 802

Y4. York, Stephen. 846

Reel 6

Other Material

1. Acquisition of Keppler Papers. 1

2. Ancient rites of the Condoling Council

(Mohawk dialect). 10

3. Biographical information about people

in calendar section. 51

4. Cayuga notes by Grace Elliot Taft. 188

5. Claims: Cauguawagah and St. Regis. 202

6. Clippings-Iroquois League. 268

7. Clippings-Miscellaneous. 271

8. Clippings-probably from Joseph Keppler--mostly about Indians of New York State. 340

9. Envelopes. 356

10. Genealogical information. 395

11. Government relations. 406

12. Government relations-Kansas claims. 762

13. Government relations-Ryan Thurston Bill. 795

14. Government relations-Snell Bill. 841

15. Government relations-Vreeland Bill. See also no. 11 876

Reel 7

16. Handwritten vocabulary notebook attributed to Joseph Keppler. 1

17. Handwritten vocabulary attributed to Joseph Keppler. 79

18. The Indian as I found him by Cary W. Hartman. 131

19. Iroquois masks correspondence. 137

20. Johnson, E. Pauline. 202

21. Johnson, Evelyn H. C. 274

22. Lacrosse Team. 352

23. Miscellaneous correspondence, etc. 356

24. Miscellaneous notes probably by E.K. Burnett. 374

25. Miscellaneous vocabulary notes. 381

26. New York Indian complex and how to solve it by Arthur C. Parker. 429

27. Obituaries. 447

28. Origin of the Long House told by Chauncey Abrams to George G. Heye. 467

29. Our New York Indians, Part II by Erl Bates. 477