NY State College of Agriculture
Cornell University
   The Dean’s Hat
   Letter to L.H.B. from I. Roberts
   Letter from L.H.B. to B. Galloway
   Cornell Countryman Calendar
   L.H.B. with Hindu Students
   Address Change Card
   “Echoes from Alumni” Brochure
Nature Study
Education of Women
Commission on Country Life

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In 1887, Liberty Hyde Bailey was invited to give a series of lectures at Cornell University. The U. S. Congress had recently passed the Hatch Act, authorizing an annual appropriation of $15,000 to each state for agricultural experimentation. Cornell decided to use the funds to establish a chair of practical and experimental horticulture, and offered the position to Bailey. In 1888, he moved to Ithaca to build the new program. Under his direction, “practical and experimental horticulture” came to include floriculture, pomology, vegetable crops, and landscape gardening.

Bailey always saw agriculture as an academic discipline. To him, the fundamental purpose of education was to serve the people, and he believed that the resolution of agricultural problems was as important as cultural, ethical, and legal issues. Through the extension movement and its bulletins, lectures, demonstrations, and farm visits, Bailey built support for his programs among New York State farmers and in the State Legislature. In 1894, New York fruit growers pushed through the legislature a bill directing the state of New York to provide the Cornell University Experiment Station with $8,000 to conduct research on orchards in western New York. Thus, the principle of state aid to the University’s agricultural program was established. By 1897 the appropriation reached $25,000.

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