17th Century Vietnamese Dictionary
This is the first Vietnamese dictionary in quoc
, the romanized orthographic system invented by European Christian missionaries to Vietnam in the 17th century. French Jesuit missionary Alexandre de Rhodes compiled the dictionary to facilitate the training of local priests in Christian teachings. In the early 20th century, quoc ngu was popularized when French colonial authorities encouraged its use as a means of undermining the authority of the traditional elite. It is the standard writing system used in Vietnam today.

Alexandre de Rhodes. Dictionarium Annnamiticum [sic] Lusitanum, et Latinum. Romae: Typis, & sumptibus eiusdem Sacr. Congreg., 1651.

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