Guide to the Clarence Bloomfield Moore Collection,
1891-1918.

Collection Number: 9181

Division of Rare and Manuscript Collections
Cornell University Library

Contact Information:
Division of Rare and Manuscript Collections
2B Carl A. Kroch Library
Cornell University
Ithaca, NY 14853
(607) 255-3530
Fax: (607) 255-9524
rareref@cornell.edu
http://rmc.library.cornell.edu
Compiled by:
Evan Fay Earle and Mary B. Davis
Date completed:
March 2006
EAD encoding:
Evan Fay Earle March 2006
Date modified:
Evan Earle, August 2011

© 2003 Division of Rare and Manuscript Collections, Cornell University Library


DESCRIPTIVE SUMMARY

Title:
Clarence Bloomfield Moore collection, 1891-1918.
Collection Number:
9181
Creator:
Clarence B.(Clarence Bloomfield), Moore 1852-1936.
Quantity:
3 cubic ft., 45 v.
Forms of Material:
Correspondence, Diaries, Manuscripts
Repository:
Division of Rare and Manuscript Collections, Cornell University Library
Abstract:
Collection contains 45 field notebooks from Moore's southeastern archaeological investigations.
Language:
Collection material in English


BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE

Clarence B. Moore was a wealthy amateur archaeologist from Philadelphia who crisscrossed the rivers of the southeast each year in his steam-powered paddleboat, the Gopher, excavating sites near the shores in states ranging from Alabama to Tennessee. During his twenty years of investigations, Moore explored an astounding number of archaeological sites. He published the results of his investigations regularly, translating the field notes he kept in small journals into the larger, neatly written notebooks that he later used as the basis for his publications. During his excavations, Moore uncovered many artifacts associated with Indian burials that later ended up in museums. These artifacts are now subject to repatriation by tribal members working to reclaim their sacred heritage. Natives and non-natives alike rely on Moore's field notes, which can provide important clues about the history of an artifact, helping to further repatriation claims.

COLLECTION DESCRIPTION

Collection contains 45 field notebooks from Moore's southeastern archaeological investigations. Moore seems to have developed a system where he recorded his on-site information in a small notebook, and later transferred the data in a more polished form to larger notebooks which he then used as the text for his publications. The smaller notebooks often contain details which were eliminated from the larger texts. They have site lists appended. The large format notebooks include both site lists and alphabetical indices. Most of his field notes are from excavations in Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, and Tennessee. He also conducted limited field work in Illinois, Indiana, Mississippi River, Missouri, and South Carolina. His notes contain information about the finds and the conditions under which they were excavated, providing locality data and details about the artifacts. Information includes sketches of the site, detailed information about layout and descriptions of unearthed objects, such as jewelry and pottery. Some notebooks also have weather reports for the days of the excavations. Also included is a dictionary of archaeological terms, with bibliographic citations, and some correspondence. Correspondents include Dr. Milo G. Miller and George W. Rossignol. Rossignol correspondence includes information regarding a proposed expedition to Red River, Texas and to Arkansas in 1899. Published guide included. Moore's publications based on his artifacts and field notes were housed in the Museum of the American Indian Library. The artifacts were located in the museum as well.

SUBJECTS

Names:
Moore, Clarence B.1852-1936.
Miller, Milo G.
Rossignol, George W.
Rossignol, George W.
Huntington Free Library.
Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation.

Subjects:
Archaeologists.
Indians of North America.
Indians of North America--Antiquities.
Indians of North America--Dwellings.
Indians of North America--Funeral customs and rites.
Archaeology--Dictionaries.
Excavations (Archaeology).
Excavations (Archaeology)--Middle West.
Excavations (Archaeology)--Southern States.
Excavations (Archaeology)--Alabama.
Excavations (Archaeology)--Arkansas.
Excavations (Archaeology)--Florida.
Excavations (Archaeology)--Georgia.
Excavations (Archaeology)--Illinois.
Excavations (Archaeology)--Indiana.
Excavations (Archaeology)--Kentucky.
Excavations (Archaeology)--Louisiana.
Excavations (Archaeology)--Missouri.
Excavations (Archaeology)--South Carolina.
Excavations (Archaeology)--Tennessee.
Excavations (Archaeology)--United States.
Mound-builders.
Scientific expeditions--United States.

Places:
Alabama--Antiquities.
Arkansas--Antiquities.
Florida--Antiquities.
Georgia--Antiquities.
Kentucky--Antiquities.
Louisiana--Antiquities.
Mississippi--Antiquities.
Tennessee--Antiquities.
Illinois--Antiquities.
Indiana--Antiquities.
Missouri--Antiquities.
South Carolina--Antiquities.
Texas--Antiquities.
Coosa River (Ga. and Ala.)
Mississippi River.

Form and Genre Terms:
Field notes.


INFORMATION FOR USERS

Cite As:
Clarence Bloomfield Moore collection, #9181. Division of Rare and Manuscript Collections, Cornell University Library.
In Search of C.B. Moore. The field notes of Clarence B. Moore's southeastern archaeological explorations, 1891-1918, are a frequently referenced manuscript collection. Moore's expeditions, which spanned more than a quarter of a century and reached almost every navigable river in the southern United States, are well-known in the world of archaeology, but remarkably little has been published about the man and his work.
A wealthy Philadelphian, he started his amateur archaeological work at the age of 40, navigating the southeastern rivers each year in a steam-powered paddle boat, the Gopher. Publishing the result of his excavations with impressive regularity, the volume of his work in the Southeast is astounding. Although artifacts he uncovered continue to surface in new public and private collections, a large part of his archaeological treasures originally were given to the Academy of Natural Sciences in Philadelphia. This collection, along with copies of his publications were sold to the Museum of the American Indian in 1929--a transaction which was conducted in secrecy, but publicized by H. Newell Wardle, then an assistant curator at the Academy.
There is some consensus about Moore among archaeologists writing today about areas he previously excavated. Most comment on his amateur status. They agree that the amount of work he accomplished was remarkable by any standard, and many add that his methodology was advanced for his time. All are impressed by the regularity and quality of his publications, which were profusely illustrated with photographs taken by Moore (he was an award-winning photographer), and line drawings by Mary Louise Baker. Many cite these publications, issued regularly by the Academy of Natural Sciences in Philadelphia, as Moore's greatest contribution to southeastern archaeology.
Neither searches of the literature on southeastern archaeology, nor phone conversations with archaeologists, archivists, and librarians from institutions all over the eastern United States yielded a published comprehensive analysis of Moore's work. The complex telephone network did unearth H. Newell Wardle's memorial to Moore, which the Philadelphia Anthropological Society has kindly allowed us to reprint. Miss Wardle, who resigned her position as assistant curator at the Academy of Natural Sciences when that institution sold its collection of Moore's archaeological treasures, remembered Moore with fondness, and penned the only detailed description of his archaeological explorations written to date. The needed comprehensive analysis of Moore's participation in southeastern archaeology has yet to be done.
Clarence Bloomfield Moore (1852-1936) by H. Newell Wardle. Reprinted with permission from the Bulletin of the Philadelphia Anthropological Society, vol. 9, no. 2, (March 1956)
Clarence Bloomfield Moore, son of Bloomfield Moore and Clara Jessup Moore, was born in Philadelphia on January 14, 1852. He received his B.A. from Harvard University in 1873 and, in 1876, he traveled across South America, over the Andes and down the Amazon.
Following the death of his father and the litigation which involved the estate, he was astonished to find that the systematic savings from his allowance, made at his father's suggestion and duplicated by him, gave him the means for a journey around the world.
Before 1892, Clarence Moore had definitely settled upon what was to be his life work. He was then forty, and rather weary of life as a socialite, broken only by European travel and excursions for big-game hunting. After an accident on a safari, resulting in an eye injury, he turned to less dangerous field- work--the archaeological exploration of the Southeastern States, then but little known. [N.B. Moore reports in a Harvard College Anniversary Report that his eye injury was caused by a tennis ball.] Five papers on the Shell Heaps of the St. Johns River, hitherto unexplored, appeared in the American Naturalist, between November 1892 and June 1894.
In 1893 Mr. Moore had associated with him Dr. Milo G. Miller, secretary, co-worker, physician, and friend, who was to remain his inseparable companion to the end of his scientific work. The archaeological campaigns were well organized: preliminary investigation of the territory, location of likely sites, and arrangements with owners: followed, in the spring, by the expedition. Summers were devoted to cleaning, repairing, photographing and studying the collection; the reports were written in the fall.
The work began with the previously unexplored sand mounds of the St. Johns River, Florida (1894); in 1895 the sand mounds of Duval County, Murphy's River, and the Ocklawaha River were excavated. In succeeding years, the mounds of the Florida east coast, Georgia, and South Carolina were explored. By 1899 the expedition was back on the Gulf Coast, and reports on the Alabama River, the coast of northwest Florida and central Florida, each with its important treasure trove, were published.
In 1903, Mr. Moore published four papers in the American Anthropologist, one of which, "Sheet Copper from the Mounds Not Necessarily of European Origin," led to a discussion by McGuire, Putnam, Dorsey, Willoughby, and Moorehead, first appearing fully in the Anthropologist and later assembled in a special imprint. Other articles in this period include "The So-Called Hoe-Shaped Implement" (1903), "Aboriginal Urn Burial in the United States" (1904), and "A Form of Urn Burial in Mobile Bay" (1905)--all in the American Anthropologist.
Further plans for archaeological exploration led the expedition, in 1905, to the Black Warrior River to Moundville, Alabama where highly artistic objects in shell, pottery, stone, and copper, belonging to a great ceremonial center, were excavated. So strong was the feeling of Mexican affinity that Dr. J. Walter Fewkes urged that archaeological work should be carried on around the northern border of the Gulf; the expedition went on to Mobile Bay and Mississippi Sound but found no objects of similar artistic quality. However, Mr. Moore's boat, The Gopher, returned to Moundville the following year, and further digging was rewarded by the discovery of a large limestone bowl, with a head in relief on the rim and incised over the bottom; this piece was both beautiful and unique but not as breath-taking as the diorite duck effigy bowl, found the previous year.
In 1908, work was carried on in the ancient cemeteries of Arkansas and Mississippi and was rewarded with red-and-buff-ware effigy vessels and incised bottles. In November 1908, and from January to April 1909, the expedition explored the Oachita Valley in northeastern Louisiana and southeastern Arkansas. Here, too, was found a culture of high artistic merit and originality-- graceful bottles; painted and engraved effigy vessels, tripod and compound; stone and pottery effigy pipes. It was a major undertaking, requiring the greatest care, and it gave important results. The expedition of 1909-1910 worked on the St. Francis, White, and Black Rivers, in Arkansas, finding jars in the form of human heads, kneeling human effigies, turtles and fish, and shell gorgets, in addition to other material.
From November of 1910 until March of 1911, Mr. Moore worked along the Mississippi River. As usual, the region had been explored in the preceding months by Capt. Rayburn, of The Gopher, and permission had been obtained to dig at promising sites. Two objects, among the many of interest, stand out: an effigy limestone pipe, in the form of a crouching man, and a "teapot" vessel, representing a tortoise lying on its back, its head lifted and the tail tapering into a spout. (The "teapot" form, it must be noted, is of very limited distribution.)
Mr. Moore's next expedition followed the Red River through Louisiana, to a point above Fulton, Arkansas, and consumed five months of 1911 and part of 1912. Notable, among other things, were Haley Mound and Foster Place, with their unusual grave furniture--to mention only two of a wealth of sites. In 1913, Mr. Moore undertook the re-study of the Tennessee River, on which a great deal had been published that needed clarification by careful field-work. The result was a report of 422 pages, with illustrations of much newly found material.
The next investigations were along the Green River, Kentucky, and along the Lower Ohio River and Mississippi. Among the rewards were the very beautiful "bannerstones," often associated with long bone or antler hooks. Capt. Rayburn, of The Gopher, believed them to be implements for making nets, similar tools having been described by William Churchill as being employed by Polynesian women of New Britain, and he even demonstrated their use by making a net. Though not fully convinced, Mr. Moore refers to these "bannerstones" as "sizers."
The Gopher next moved back to the Mississippi. Mr. Moore writes: "The end of the work on Green River, Kentucky, virtually completed for us the list of all rivers navigable by our steamer." One river, the Chocktawhatchee, in Alabama and northern Florida, had been recently opened by removal of a sand- bar. Hoping to obtain other examples of a rare type of ware, of which his expedition had encountered a sherd, Mr. Moore returned to the northwest Florida coast in 1917 and was rewarded by finding remarkable vessels of a rich red ware.
Through more than a quarter of a century, Mr. Moore explored every accessible site where the Indians of the Southern States had made their homes and buried their dead. He carefully recorded the data and brought back the evidence to be preserved for all time, publishing the results of his investigations in twenty-one large volumes. Through his work, he made a magnificent contribution to our knowledge of the First Americans.
In 1929, the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, which was the repository of much of this unique collection, was intent on modernizing its zoological exhibits and coveted the space devoted to the Science of Man (See Science, Aug. 2, 1929). To save his collection from utter destruction, Mr. Moore was obliged to consent to its sale by the Academy to the Museum of the American Indian in New York. The only part of this great collection which remains in Philadelphia is, I believe, a small lot from an early Florida expedition of 1892, given to the Wagner Institute, where it remains, with the exception of one piece which Mr. Moore brought back to add to his main collection.
In his field-work and research, Mr. Moore sought and demanded accuracy. For his later reports, he was fortunate in having the beautiful and perfect drawings of Mary Louise Baker. Although Clarence B. Moore was in correspondence with many Americanists of his time, he was personally known to few. His superb reports were generously distributed to all in the field as well as to institutions, and he expected only a simple acknowledgment. None came from the Government ethnologist, Dr. W.J. McGee. When this was repeated, Mr. Moore sent him a self-addressed post-card with instructions: "If received, write `yes'; if not received, write `no'; if not wanted, write `nit'." That report was acknowledged. Generous by nature, he would go out of his way to help where he saw the need, but he preferred to make his gifts in his own fashion.
Generally, Mr. Moore shunned the ladies, but he held warm friendships with a few. Miss Baker once asked him if he had seen Mrs. --- lately, referring to the widowed sister of a close friend, recently deceased. His reply was a shocked: "Why, I never call on the ladies! They might ask me to call again!" But once a year, he hired a carriage and pair, with special driver, in which he took an old lady on a drive through Fairmount Park. And also once a year, at Christmas time, it was his habit to give a formal dinner--not stag--at his home at 1321 Locust Street in Philadelphia. He died on March 24, 1936.
Guide Information
The field notes of Clarence B. Moore's southeastern archaeological investigations are in 45 notebooks spanning the years 1892-1918. Moore seems to have developed a system where he recorded his on-site information in a small notebook, and later transferred the data in a more polished form to larger notebooks which he then used as the text for his publications.
The smaller notebooks often contain details which were eliminated from the larger texts. They have site lists appended, which have been included in this guide. The large format notebooks include both site lists and alphabetical indices. Sites from the large notebooks are not listed in this guide because they are readily available in Moore's publications. A daily journal was kept in the large format notebooks, and journal entry dates and pagination are noted in this guide.
If using the microfilm, the frames are not numbered, individual notebooks are. Page numbers have been included in this guide where appropriate to assist researchers in locating desired information. Total page numbers given for each notebook reflect the number of pages in the notebook rather than the number of pages actually used. Each roll contains a general index to the field notebooks by date, state, and country. Consult this index to determine which notebooks are relevant.

RELATED MATERIALS

Microfilm available.

SERIES LIST

Series I. Field Notebooks
Series II. Other Material
Series III. Guide to Notebooks by Year
Series IV. Guide to Notebooks by Location

CONTAINER LIST

Date
Description
Container
1891
Notebook # 1
Box 1
Small notebook. 141p. St. John's River, Florida. Includes the following sites in Volusia, Orange, Putnam, Brevard, and Lake counties:
  • Astor, Bird's Island, Black Hammock, Bluffton, Bryson Mound, Crow's Bluff, Duval Blue Creek, Fort Taylor, Ginn's Grove, Halfway Mound, Huntington's, Huntoon Island, Indian Fields, Lake Monroe, Lake Harney, Mocassin Island, Mosquito Grove, Mount Royal, Mount Taylor, Mulberry Mound, Orange Mound, Pawpaw Mound, Persimmon Mound, Possum Bluff, Raulerson's, St. Francis, Starkes Grove, Thornhill Lake, Thursby's Blue Spring, Tick Island, Turtle Mound, Volusia.
Also available on Reel 1
1892
Notebook # 2
Box 1
Large notebook. 192p. St. John's River sand mounds in Florida. Includes sites in Orange, Volusia, Brevard, and Lake counties. Journal entries January 7, 1892-April 4, 1892. Excavation write-ups p.1-45; by site, p.51-120. [N.B. These are a continuation of text from vol. 3, p.179.] Bookkeeping notes, p.189-192.
Also available on Reel 1
1892
Notebook # 3
Box 1
Large notebook. 179p. St. John's River, Florida. Includes sites in Orange, Lake, Volusia, Brevard, and Putnam counties. Entries begin with January 7, 1892. Excavation write- ups, p.1-179. [N.B. These are continued in vol. 2, starting with p.51.]
Also available on Reel 1
1892-1893
Notebook # 4
Box 1
Large notebook. 187p. St. John's River, Florida. Includes sites in Volusia, Orange, Lake, and Putnam counties. Entries begin with November 13, 1892, p.1-187. Includes journal entries, April 12, 1892-April 19, 1892 (1p.). Continues journal entries November 10, 1892-April 19, 1893, p.188-226
Also available on Reel 1
1893-1894
Notebook # 5
Box 1
Large notebook. 118p. St. John's River, Florida, pt. 2. Includes sites in Putnam, Lake, Duval, Clay, St. John's, Orange, Lake, and Volusia counties. Entries begin with April 27, 1893, p.1-109. Alphabetical list of individuals and institutions, p.110-115. Journal entries, September 27, 1893- April 19, 1894, p.193-228. Includes published letter from Moore to Dr. L.H. Harris, describing a mound in Harris's orange grove in St. John's County, p.14-15.
Also available on Reel 1
1893-1894
Notebook # 6
Box 1
Small notebook. 176p. St. John's River, Florida. Entries begin September 27, 1893, p.1-106. Miscellaneous notes, p.166-176. Includes the following sites in St. John's, Putnam, Clay, Duval, Volusia, Orange, Marion, and Lake counties:
  • Bayard's Point, Beauclerc, Brown's Landing, Clark's Creek, Davenport (Ocklawaha River), Deep Creek, Duval's, Fulton, Geiger's Mound, Ginn's Grove, Grant Mound, Harris Mound, Hitchen's Creek, Julington Creek, Juniper Creek, Mandarin Point, Mill Cove, Mount Royal, Mulberry Mound, Orangedale, Palatka, Pecolata, Peter's Creek, Racey Point, Rice Creek, Silver Springs, St. Augustine Road, St. John's Bluff, Switzerland, Thornhill Lake, Thursby Mound, Tick's Island, Westonia.
Also available on Reel 1
1892-1893
Notebook # 7
Box 1
Small notebook. 178p. St. John's River, Florida. Entries begin November 13, 1892, p.1-137. Miscellaneous notes, p.176-8. Includes the following sites in Lake, Volusia, Putnam, and Orange counties:
  • Astor, Cook's Ferry, De Leon Springs, Dunn Creek Horse Landing, Duval's Blue Creek, Fort Florida, Ginn's Grove, Huntoon Island, Juniper Creek, Kelly Grove, Mount Royal, Mulberry Mound, Murphy Island, Norwalk, Orange Mound, Raulerson's, Tick Island.
Also available on Reel 1
1894-1895
Notebook # 8
Box 1
Large notebook. 252p. St. John's River and Ochlawaha River, Florida. Includes sites in Derval, Putnam, Marion, and Lake counties. Entries begin November 25, 1894, p.1- 109. Includes journal entries, November 19, 1894-June 16, 1895, p.228-252. Also has alphabetical listing of topics (i.e. aboriginal copper) with page references, p.218-227.
Also available on Reel 2
1894-1895
Notebook # 9
Box 1
Small notebook. 176p. Ocklawaha River and St. John's River, Florida. Entries begin November 25, 1894, p.1-101; p.169-176. Includes the following sites in Putnam, Marion, Lake, and Duvall counties:
  • Ocklawaha River: Barclay's, Delk's Landing, Ditch Creek, Emeralda, Fort Mason, Helena Mound, Higley, Indian Bluff, Lake Eustis, Lanier, Palmetto Landing, Richmond Mound, Silver Springs, Stark's Landing, Tavares, Umatilla, Yallaha.
  • St. John's River: Alicia, Broward Mound, Chaseville, Daniel's Landing, Floral Bluff, Gilbert Mound, Grant Mound, Horseshoe Landing, Johnson Mound, Monroe Mound, Murphy's Island, Shields Mound, South Grant Mound.
Also available on Reel 2
1895-1896
Notebook # 10
Box 1
Large notebook. 179p. Georgia coast. Includes sites in Camden and McIntosh counties. Entries begin October 22, 1895, p.1-97. Includes journal entries October 17, 1895-April 27, 1886, p.139-179.
Also available on Reel 2
1896-1897
Notebook # 11
Box 1
Small notebook. 178p. Georgia coast. Entries begin November 25, 1896, p.1-178. Includes the following sites in Bryan, Liberty and McIntosh counties:
  • Creighton Island, Crescent, Hopkins Mound, Kind New Ground Field, St. Catherine's Island.
Also available on Reel 2
1896-1897
Notebook # 12
Box 1
Large notebook. 240p. Georgia coast. Includes sites in McIntosh, Belleville, Chatham, Bryan, and Liberty counties. Beginning entry, Ossabow Island, undated. p.1-215. Includes journal entries November 20, 1896-April 26, 1897, p.216- 240.
Also available on Reel 2
1897-1898
Notebook # 13
Box 1
Large notebook. 288p. South Carolina coast, including Savannah and Altamaha Rivers. Includes sites in Beaufort, Chatham, Screven, Barnwell, Burke, Wayne, Liberty, Tattnall, and Appling counties. Beginning entry, Bull Island, undated. p.1-69. Includes journal entries November 15, 1897- April 27, 1898 and November 24, 1898-December 16, 1898, p.252- 288.
Also available on Reel 2
1897-1898
Notebook # 14
Box 1
Small notebook. 68p. South Carolina, Savannah River, and Altahama. Beginning entry, Indian Hill, undated. p.1-68. Includes the following sites in South Carolina and Georgia sites in Beaufort, Chatham, Screven, Barnwell, Liberty (South Carolina and Georgia), Wayne, Tatnall, and Appling counties:
  • South Carolina: Bluffton (Cressons), Burton Hill, Port Royal Island, Calawassie Island, Hasell Point, Indian Hill, Indian Hill, St. Helena Island, Little Island, Polleewahnee Island.
  • Savannah River: Brooks Landing, Hudson's Ferry, Mills Landing, Pipe Makers Creek.
  • Altahama River: Beards Bluff, Buckhorn Bluff, Darien, Gray's Landing, Hell's Shoals, Iron Mine, Joiner's Island, Lake Bluff, Matlock's Water Pond, Mitchell's Lake, Old River, Reddish Landing, Tilman's Ferry.
Also available on Reel 2
1899
Notebook # 15
Box 1
Small notebook. 155p. Mobile River, Alabama. Entries begin with February 8, 1899, p.1-85. Expedition accounts, p.86-94, 154-155. Includes the following sites in Mobile, Wilcox, Montgomery, Dallas, Monroe, and Elmore counties:
  • Alabama River, Big Eddy Landing, Burford's Landing, Charlotte Thompson's Place, Coal Bluff, Coosa River, Durand's Bend, Horseshoe Bend, Hunter Place, Jackson's Bend, Little River Mound, Little River, Matthew's Landing, Matthew's Place, Potts Landing, Taloosa and Coosa River, Twenty-one Mile Landing, Webb's Landing.
Also available on Reel 2
1899
Notebook # 16
Box 1
Large notebook. 200p. Alabama and Mobile Rivers. Includes sites in Wilcox, Montgomery, Elmore, Dallas, and Monroe counties. Beginning entry, Twenty-one Mile Bluff, undated. p.11- 108. Accounting entries p.111-115. Includes journal entries February 6, 1899-April 22, 1899, p.183-200.
Also available on Reel 2
1900
Notebook # 17
Box 1
Large notebook. 202p. Florida west coast. Includes sites in Hillsboro, Lee, Monroe, and Manatee counties. Beginning entry, mound near Riverview, undated. p.1-47. Includes journal entries January 12, 1900-April 27, 1900, p.178-202.
Also available on Reel 3
1901
Notebook # 18
Box 2
Small notebook. 134p. Northwest coast of Florida, Alabama, and Mississippi. Beginning entry, Butler's Gin, undated. p.1-134. Includes the following sites in Marengo, Baldwin, Pickens, Greene, and Sumter counties, Alabama; Washington, Santa Rosa, and Walton counties, Florida; and Pickens and Lowndes counties, Mississippi:
  • Alabama: Bear Point, Birkley's Landing, Blubber Creek, Bryan's Barn, Goose Pond, Kirkpatrick's Landing, Moscon, Simmon's Landing, Spragin's Mill, Sucarnoochee Creek, Summerville.
  • Florida: Basin Bayou, Black Creek, Camp Walton, Choctawhatchee Bay, Don's Bayou, Freeport, Graveyard Point, Jolly B, Maesta Creek, Point Washington.
  • Mississippi: Butler's Gin, Chowder Spring, Columbus, Crawford, Wyndham Landing.
Also available on Reel 3
1901
Notebook # 19
Box 2
Large notebook. 251p. Tombigbee River, Mississippi and Alabama. Includes sites in Lowndes, Pickens, Greene, Sumter, Marengo, Baldwin, Santa Rosa, Walton, and Washington counties. Pages of possible site locations, through p.10. Beginning entry, mound at Butler's Gin, undated. p.22-126. Correspondence attached p.252-253. Includes journal entries January 16, 1901- April 25, 1901, p.232-251.
Also available on Reel 3
1902
Notebook # 20
Box 2
Large notebook. 299p. Northwest coast of Florida. Includes sites in Franklin, Cahoun, Washington, Lafayette, Levy, Wakulla, and Taylor counties. Pages of possible site locations through p.2. Beginning entry, Cool Spring Mound, undated. p.8- 230. Enclosures. Includes journal entries January 14, 1902-May 13, 1902, p.276-299.
Also available on Reel 3
1902
Notebook # 21
Box 2
Small notebook. 110p. Entries p.1-110. Northwest coast of Florida. Includes the following sites in Franklin, Wakulla, Taylor, Lafayette, and Levy counties:
  • Aucilla River, Econfenne River, Goodson's Fish Camp, Horseshoe Point, Mound Field, Murphy's Landing, Nichols Mound, Ocklockonee Bay, Pine Key, Shell Heap, Spring Creek, Steinhatchee River, Warrior River, Yent Mound.
Also available on Reel 3
1902
Notebook # 22
Box 2
Small notebook. 176p. Apalachicola River, northwest Florida. Beginning entry, Cool Spring Mound, undated. p.1-176. Includes the following sites in Franklin, Bay, and Calhoun counties:
  • Alligator Bayon, Anderson's Bayou, Apalachiocola, Baker's Landing, Bear Point, Burnt Mill Creek, Carabelle R. Mound, Cool Springs Mound, Davis Point, Eleven-mile Point, Gotier Hammock, Green's Point, Hare Hammock, Holley Mound, Huckleberry Landing, Indian Pass Point, Jackson Mound, Laughton's Bayou, Magnolia Cemetry, Pearl Bayou, Pierce Mound, Singer Mound, Sowell Mound, Strange's Landing, Tucker Mound.
Also available on Reel 3
1903
Notebook # 23
Box 2
Small notebook. 146p. Suwannee River, Apalachicola River, and Gulf Coast, Florida. Entries begin with mound near the Brickyard. p.1-146. Includes the following sites in Levy, Lafayette, Liberty, Calhoun, Gadsden, Jackson, Hernando, Pasco, Hillsboro, and Citrus counties:
  • Suwanee River: Fannings, Fayettesville, Fowler's Landing, Jenning's Landing, Rocky Landing.
  • Chipola River: Burgess Center, Chipola Cut-off, Isabel Landing. Apalchicola River: Aspalga, Atkins Landing, Blountstown, Brickyard Center, Bristol, Chattahoochee Landing, Davis Field, Estiffanulga, Sampson's Landing, Yon Mound.
  • Gulf Coast: Bayport, Bear Landing, Cedar Keys, Chassahowitzka River, Clear Water, Crystal River, Dry Creek, Gigger Point, Hog Island, Indian Bend, Indian Creek, John's Pass, Long Key, Pichlochascootie River, Rock Island, Wekiwachee River.
Also available on Reel 3
1903
Notebook # 24
Box 2
Large notebook. 300p. Suwannee River and Apalachicola Rivers, Florida. Includes sites in Franklin, Calhoun, Liberty, Gadsden, Jackson, Lafayette, Levy, Hillsboro, Citrus, Hernando, and Pasco counties. Notes and listing of possible sites through p.3. Entries begin with mound on Brickyard Creek. p.11-132. Includes journal entries January 13, 1903-April 18, 1903. p.281- 300.
Also available on Reel 4
1904-1906
Notebook # 25
Box 2
Large notebook. 300p. Florida, Mississippi, Alabama. Includes sites in Hale, Greene, Tuscaloosa, Clark, Washington, Choctaw, Marengo, Baldwin, and Mobile counties, Alabama; Jackson county, Mississippi; and Osceola, DeSoto, and Lee counties, Florida. Entries begin with Lauier mound. p.9-199. Includes journal entries, January 11, 1904-April 21, 1904; December 29, 1904-April 25, 1905; January 25, 1906-April 18, 1906. p.249-300.
Also available on Reel 4
1905
Notebook # 26
Box 2
Small notebook. 181p. Lake Tohopekaliga, and Charlotte Harbor, Florida; Mobile Bay, Alabama; Mississippi Sound, Mississippi; Lower Tombigbee, Alabama. Entries begin January 11, 1905. p.1-181. Includes the following sites in Osceola and Lee counties, Florida; Baldwin, Choctaw, Marengo, Hale, Greene, Tuscaloosa, Clark, and Washington counties, Alabama; and Jackson and Harrison counties, Mississippi:
  • Lake Tohopekaliga and Charlotte Harbor: Brown's Landing, Frier Cove, Kissimmee, Lanier Mound, Lee's Landing, McCool's Landing, Pine Island, Punta Rassa, St. Elmo Landing.
  • Mobile Bay and Simpson Island: Blakeley's, Bon Secours River, Bottle Creek, Fish River, Seymour Bluff, Starke's Wharf, Strong's Bayou.
  • Lower Tombigbee: Baska Creek, Bass Landing, Beaver's Creek, Breckenridge Landing, Carney's Bluff, Cox Landing, Cut-off, Gaines Landing, Hook's Plantation, Horse Creek, Jackson's Landing, Kimbell's Field, Malone's Gin, Payne's Woodyard, Peavey's Landing, Powe's Landing, Rembert, Santa Bogue, Steiner's Landing, Three River Landing, Walter's Plant.
  • Black Warrior: Arcola, Bohannon's Landing, Calvin's Landing, Candy's Landing, Lock No.7, McAlpin's Woodyard, Moundville, Stephen's Bluff.
Also available on Reel 4
1905
Notebook # 27
Box 2
. Small notebook. 77p. Flint River, Chattahoochee River, and Moundville. Entries p.1-77. Includes the following sites in Decatur, Clay, and Quitmon counties, Georgia; Jackson county, Florida, and Early, Houston, Henry, and Russell counties, Alabama:
  • Flint River: Kerr's Landing, Log Landing, Munnerlyn's Landing.
  • Chattahoochee River: Abercrombie Landing, Columbia, Fort Gaines, Fullmore's Upper Landing, Georgetown, Hare's Landing, Kemp's Landing Old Rambo Landing Purcell's Landing, Shoemaker Landing, Starke's Clay Landing, Steammill Landing.
Also available on Reel 4
1906
Notebook # 28
Box 2
Small notebook. 88p. Moundville Revisited. Crystal River. Entries begin with Crystal River revisited. p.1-88.
Also available on Reel 4
1905-1906
Notebook # 29
Box 2
Large Notebook. 252p. Chattahoochee River and Flint River. Includes sites in Jackson county, Florida; Decatur, Early, Clay, Quitman, Chattahoochee, Russell, and Muscogee counties, Georgia; and Houston, Henry, and Barbour counties, Alabama. Entries begin with mound near Kerr's Landing. p.5-62. Includes journal entries November 7, 1905-December 10, 1905, p.246-252.
Also available on Reel4
1907-1908
Notebook # 30
Box 2
Large notebook. 198p. Yazoo, Sunflower, and Arkansas Rivers. Includes sites in Washington, Warren, Issaquenna, Sharkey, Yazoo, Holmes, and Leflore counties, Mississippi; and Arkansas, Jefferson, and Lincoln counties, Arkansas. Entries begin with Blum mounds. p.1-112. Includes journal entries January 13, 1907-April 19, 1908, p.146-198.
Also available on Reel 4
1908-1909
Notebook # 31
Box 2
Large notebook. 198p. Ouachita Valley, Little River, Bayou Bartholomew. Includes sites in Catahoula, Caldwell, Ouachita, Grant, Franklin, and Morehouse parishes, Louisiana; and Ashley, Bradley, Union, and Calhoun counties, Arkansas. Entries begin November 18, 1908. p.7-165. Includes journal entries November 6, 1908-April 26, 1909, p.171-198.
Also available on Reel 4
1908
Notebook # 32
Box 2
Small notebook. 163p. Mississippi and Arkansas. Entries begin with Blum Mounds. p.1-163. Includes the following sites in Sharkey, Yazoo, Holmes, Washington, Leflore, Issaquenna, and Warren counties, Mississippi; Arkansas, Lincoln, and Jefferson counties, Arkansas:
  • Sunflower River: Anderson Landing, Bachelor Retreat, Blum Mounds, Fairview Landing, Fairview Plantation, George Lake, Spanish Fort Landing, Stalonia Landing, Wrong-end-up Landing.
  • Yazoo River: Belzona, Carey Middleton Gin Landing, Caruthers Landing, Clark's Ferry, Fort Place, Hayne's Bluff, Honey Island, King's Crossing, Koalunsa, Leist Landing, Monterey, O'Neill's Landing, Parker's Bayou, Silent Shade Landing, Stella, Tchula Lake, Wasp Lake, Welsh Camp Landing, Yalobusha River.
  • Arkansas River: Douglas, Greer, Menard Mounds, Old River Landing, Sawyer's Landing.
Also available on Reel 4
1909-1910
Notebook # 33
Box 2
Small notebook. 151p. White River, Black River, and St. Francis River, Arkansas. Entries begin with mound near Mt. Adams. p.1-151. Includes the following sites in Prairie, Arkansas, White, Woodruff, Jackson, Lawrence, Randolph, Lee, St. Francis, Independence, Cross, and Poinsett counties:
  • White River: Atkinson Ferry, Chandler Landing, Hames Place, King's Landing, Lindsay's Point, Mt. Adams, Negro Hill, Taylor's Bayou, Teague Mound.
  • Black River: Clover Bend, Cornpen Landing, Elgin, Harter Knoll, Lauratown, Lindley Landing, Little Turkey Hill, Mitchell's Log Camp Landing, Perkins Field, Tucker Bay, Upper Hovey Place.
  • St. Francis River: Bay Ferry, Big Eddy, Castile Place, Catfish Mounds, Cummings Place, Forrest Place, Fortune Mounds, Miller Place, Neeley's Ferry, Parkin's, Potter Place, Rose Mound, Stott Place, Togo, Turkey Island, Turnbow Place, Whitehall Place.
Also available on Reel 5
1910-1911
Notebook # 34
Box 2
. Small notebook. 134p. Mississippi River. Entries begin November 10, 1910, p.1-134. Includes the following sites in Mississippi, Crittenden, Lee, Tunica, Phillye's, Bolivar, Desha, Washington, and Warren counties; and Concordia and Pointe Coupee parishes:
  • Middle Mississippi Valley: Avenue, Bradley, Commerce, Kent Place, Mount Place, Pecan Point, Rhodes, Stoffle Place.
  • Lower Mississippi Valley: Glass, Glendale, Nebletts, Oak Bend, Richland, Shadyside Landing, Shaw Fields.
Also available on Reel 5
1909-1910
Notebook # 35
Box 2
. Large notebook. 200p. St. Frances River, White River, Black River, Arkansas. Includes sites in Lee, St. Francis, Poinsett, Monroe, Arkansas, Prairie, White, Woodruff, Jackson, Independence, Lawrence, and Randolph counties. Enclosure lists counties in Alabama, Florida, and Mississippi. Entries begin with White River. p.7-133. Includes journal entries November 9, 1909-April 25, 1910, p.178-200.
Also available on Reel 5
1910-1911
Notebook # 36
Box 3
Large notebook. 200p. Mississippi River Valley, Lower Mississippi, Red River. Includes sites in Phillips, Lee, Crittenden, Mississippi, and Desha counties, Arkansas; Tunica, Adams, Bolevar, and Washington counties, Mississippi; and Pointe Coupee and Avoyelles parishes, Louisiana. Entries begin March 21, 1911. p.7-127. Includes journal entries November 7, 1910- April 24, 1911, p.177-200.
Also available on Reel 5
1911-1912
Notebook # 37
Box 3
Large notebook. 200p. Red River, Arkansas and Louisiana. Includes sites in Miller, Lafayette, Hempstead, and Bowie counties, Arkansas; Pointe Coupee, Avoyelles, Rapides, Grant, Red River, Bossier, and Caddo parishes, Louisiana. Entries begin with notes. p.7-174. Includes journal entries November 6, 1911-April 26, 1912, p.177-200.
Also available on Reel 5
1911-1912
Notebook # 38
Box 3
Small notebook. 179p. Red River. Entries begin with Keller Place. p.1-118. Sketch on p.179. Includes the following sites in Pointe Coupee, Avoyelle, Rapides, Grant, Red River, and Bossier parishes, Louisiana; and Miller, Lafayette, and Hempsted counties, Arkansas:
  • Red River: Battle's, Briar Bend, Byram Ferry, Crenshaw, Diggs Bluff, Dooley Ferry, Dunn's, Fosters, Fridays, Gahagan, Haley's, Haynes, Johnson's, Keller Place, L'Eau Noire Bayou, Lacroix, Mayer's, McClure's Place, Moore's, Norman Landing, Saline Point, Sulphur River, Taylortown, Thompson's.
Also available on Reel 5
1912-1913
Notebook # 39
Box 3
Small notebook. 180p. Ouachita Valley, Louisiana and Saline River, Arkansas. Entries begin with Pritchard's Landing. p.1-85; p.180 has continuation. Includes the following sites in Catahoula, Tensas, West Carroll, East, Franklin, Madison, and Louisiana parishes; and Bradley county, Arkansas:
  • Ouachita Valley: Alphenia Place, Crowfoot Place, Dean Lake, Flynn's Place, Hope Landing, Insley Place, Jackson's Place, Lake Place, Lower Jackson Place, Montgomery, Motley Place, Mott Place, Poverty Point, Pritchard's Landing, Richardson Place, Stevens, Turkey Point Landing.
  • Saline River: Brooks Landing, Godfrey Landing, Goulett Island, Hampton landing, Lowrie Landing, Moore's Mill, Wherry's Landing, Wire Fence Landing.
Also available on Reel 5
1912-1913
Notebook # 40
Box 3
Large notebook. 200p. Saline River, Arkansas; Bayou d'Arbonne, Atchafalaya River, and Tensas River, Louisiana. Includes sites in Ashley and Bradley counties, Arkansas; and Union, Assumption, Ibeia, Iberville, St. Landry, Concordia, Catahoula, Tensa, Madison, Franklin, East Carroll, and West Carroll parishes, Louisiana. Entries begin with Goulett Island. p.9-158. Includes journal entries November 9, 1912-April 23, 1913, p.174-200.
Also available on Reel 5
1913-1914
Notebook # 41
Box 3
Large notebook. 298p. Tennessee River, Eastern Tennessee, Mississippi and Alabama. Includes sites in Hamilton, James, Meigs, Rhea, Roane, Loudon, Blount, Knox, Livingston, Lyon, Marshall, Stewart, Henry, Benton, Humphrey, Decatur, Wayne, and Hardin counties, Tennessee; Tishomingo county, Mississippi; and Lauderdale and Colbert counties, Alabama. Tennessee River entries p.7-238. Includes journal entries November 3, 1913-April 29, 1914, p.268-298.
Also available on Reel 6
1914
Notebook # 42
Box 3
Small notebook. 101p. Entries p.1-101. Includes the following sites in Rhea, Meigs, Loudon, Blount, Knox, Roane, Stewart, Henry, Benton, Wayne, Hardin, Harniston, Hamilton, and James counties, Tennessee; and Marshall county, Kentucky:
  • Tennessee River: Arthur Place, Barrett's Ferry, Beech Creek, Bess Place, Citico Mound, Cooks Landing, Dickey Place, Eldridge Place, Evan's Place, Gray's Place, Henson, Hiwassee Island, Hodds Ferry, Hoyal Ferry, Huffine Ferry, Igou Ferry, Jackson Place, Johnson Creek, Jones Place, Koger Island, Little River Shoals, Lovelady Landing, North Carolina Landing, Perkins Bluff, Shipps Landing, Sykes Place, Thompson, Wolf Island.
Also available on Reel 6
1914-1915
Notebook # 43
Box 3
Large notebook. 300p. Tennessee River. Includes sites in Stewart, Humphreys, Benton, Marion, and Hamilton counties, Tennessee; and Decatur, Lauderdale, Colbert, Lawrence, Limestone, Morgan, Alabama, Marshall, and Jackson counties, Alabama. Notes p.7. Entries p.9-273. Includes journal entries November 4, 1914-April 28, 1915, p.275-300.
Also available on Reel 6
1914-1915
Notebook # 44
Box 3
Small notebook. 148p. Citico revisited, Tennessee. Includes Citico mound and Williams Landing, Hamilton County, Tennessee. Index, p.1. Entries p.3-148.
Also available on Reel 6
1915-1918
Notebook # 45
Box 3
Large notebook. 300p. Ohio River, Green River, Mississippi River. Includes sites in Ballard, Livingston, Henderson, McLean, Ohio, Butler, Edmonson. Fulton, and Hickman counties, Kentucky; Massac and Pope counties, Illinois; Posey county, Indiana; Lauderdale county, Tennessee; New Madrid and Mississippi counties, Missouri. Notes, p.7. Entries p.9-208. Includes journal entries November 4, 1915-April 26, 1916; November 8, 1916-April 23, 1917; September 25, 1917- April 26, 1918, p.218-300.
Also available on Reel 6
Printed guide and Catalogue
Box 1
1891
Unnumbered notebook.
Box 3
Contains Cruise of the Osceola, p.1-77. Entries from January 21-February 23, 1891. Cruise of the Alligator. Entries from March 5-April 7, 1891, p.79-99. Journal entries describe boat trips in Florida investigating potential archaeological sites.
Also available on Reel 6
Dictionary of Archaeological Terms.
Box 3
240p. Includes alphabetical index of archaeological terms, with page references. p.3-91. Terms are then defined. Includes bibliographic citations. p.108-126. Notes on various books, p.224-240
Also available on Reel 6
1899
Correspondence.
Box 3
1899 correspondence from George W. Rossignol to Clarence B. Moore. Often addressed to Dr. M.G. Miller. About a proposed expedition to the Coosa River in Alabama and Georgia. May 17, 1899-August 1, 1899. Undated letters at end.
Also available on Reel 6
Notebook # - - - - - Years Covered
1 1891
2 1892
3 1892
4 1892-1893
5 1893-1894
6 1893-1894
7 1894
8 1894-1895
9 1894-1895
10 1895-1896
11 1896-1897
12 1896-1897
13 1897-1898
14 1897-1898
15 1899
16 1899
17 1900
18 1901
19 1901
20 1902
21 1902
22 1902
23 1903
24 1903
25 1904-1906
26 1905
27 1905
28 1906
29 1905-1906
30 1907-1908
31 1908-1909
32 1907-1908
33 1909-1910
34 1910-1911
35 1909-1910
36 1910-1911
37 1911-1912
38 1911-1912
39 1912-1913
40 1912-1913
41 1913-1914
42 1914
43 1914-1915
44 1914-1915
45 1915-1918
Alabama
County - - - - - Notebook #
Baldwin 18, 25, 26
Barbour 29
Choctaw 25, 26
Clark 25, 26
Colbert 43
Dallas 15, 16
Decatur 43
Elmore 15, 16
Greene 18, 19, 25, 26
Hale 25, 26, 28, 29
Henry 27, 29
Houston 27, 29
Jackson 43
Lauderdale 43
Lawrence 43
Limestone 43
Madison 43
Marengo 18, 19, 25, 26
Marshall 43
Mobile 15, 16
Monroe 15, 16
Montgomery 15, 16
Morgan 43
Pickens 18, 19
Russell 27
Sumter 18, 19
Tuscaloosa 25, 26
Washington 25, 36
Wilcox 15, 16
Arkansas
County - - - - - Notebook #
Arkansas 30, 32, 33, 35
Ashley 31, 40
Bowie 37
Bradley 31, 39, 40
Calhoun 31
Crittenden 34, 36
Cross 33, 35
Desha 34, 36
Hempstead 37, 38
Independence 33, 35
Jackson 33, 35
Jefferson 30, 32
Lafayette 37, 38
Lawrence 33, 35
Lee 33, 34, 35, 36
Lincoln 30, 32
Miller 37, 38
Mississippi 34, 36
Monroe 35
Phillips 34, 36
Poinsett 33, 35
Prairie 33, 35
Randolph 33, 35
St. Francis 33, 35
Union 31
Washington 34
White 33, 35
Woodruff 33, 35
Florida
County - - - - - Notebook #
Baldwin 19
Bay 22
Brevard 1, 2, 3
Calhoun 20, 22, 23, 24
Citrus 21, 324
Clay 5, 6
Duval 5, 6, 8, 9
Franklin 20, 21, 22, 23, 24
Gadsden 23, 24
Hernando 23, 24
Hillsboro 17, 23, 24
Jackson 23, 24, 27, 29
Lafayette 20, 21, 23, 24
Lake 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8
Lee 17, 26
Levy 20, 21, 23, 24
Liberty 23, 24
Manatee 17
Marion 6, 8, 9
Monroe 17
Orange 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 7
Osceola 26
Pasco 23, 24
Putnam 1, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9
St. Johns 5, 6
Santa Rosa 18, 19
Taylor 20, 21
Volusia 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7
Wakulla 20, 21
Walton 18, 19
Washington 18, 19, 20, 22
Georgia
County - - - - - Notebook #
Appling 13, 14
Belleville 12
Bryan 11, 12
Camden 10
Chatham 12, 13, 14
Chattahochee 29
Clay 27, 29
Decautur 27, 29
Early 27, 29
Liberty 11, 12, 13, 14
McIntosh 10, 11, 12
Muscogee 29
Quitman 27, 29
Russell 29
Screven 13, 14
Stewart 29
Tattnall 13, 14
Wayne 13, 14
Illinois
County - - - - - Notebook #
Massac 45
Pope 45
Indiana
County - - - - - Notebook #
Posey 45
Kentucky
County - - - - - Notebook #
Ballard 45
Butler 45
Edmonson 45
Fulton 45
Henderson 45
Hickman 45
Livingston 45
McLean 45
Marshall 42
Ohio 45
Louisiana
Parish - - - - - Notebook #
Assumption 40
Avoyelles 36, 37, 38
Bossier 37, 38
Caddo 37, 38
Caldwell 31
Catahoula 31, 39, 40
Concordia 34, 36, 40
East Carroll 39, 40
Franklin 31, 39, 40
Grant 31, 37, 38
Iberia 40
Iberville 40
Madison 39, 40
Morehouse 31
Ouachita 31
Pointe Coupee 34, 36, 37, 38
Rapides 37, 38
Red River 38
St. Landry 40
Tensas 39, 40
West Carroll 39, 40
West Feliciana 36
Mississippi
County - - - - - Notebook #
Adams 36
Bolivar 34, 36
Harrison 26
Holmes 30
Issaquena 30
Jackson 26
Leflore 30
Lowndes 18, 19
Pickens 18
Sharkey 30, 32
Tunica 34, 36
Warren 30, 34, 36
Washington 30, 32, 36
Yazoo 30, 32
Missouri
County - - - - - Notebook #
Mississippi 45
New Madrid 35
South Carolina
County - - - - - Notebook #
Barnwell 13, 14
Beaufort 13, 14
Burke 13
Tennessee
County - - - - - Notebook #
Benton 42, 43
Blount 41, 42
Dyer 45
Hamilton 41, 42, 43, 44
Hardin 42
Henry 42
Humphreys 43
James 41, 42
Knox 41, 42
Lauderdale 45
Loudon 41, 42
Marion 43
Meig 41, 42
Rhea 41, 42
Roane 41, 42
Stewart 42, 43
Wayne 42