Guide to the William C. Bouck Papers,
1727-1866

Collection Number: 2206

Division of Rare and Manuscript Collections
Cornell University Library

Contact Information:
Division of Rare and Manuscript Collections
2B Carl A. Kroch Library
Cornell University
Ithaca, NY 14853
(607) 255-3530
Fax: (607) 255-9524
rareref@cornell.edu
http://rmc.library.cornell.edu
Compiled by:
RMC Staff
Date completed:
1975
EAD encoding:
Evan Fay Earle, September 2007
Kavitha Reddy, October 2008
Date modified:
RMC Staff, October 2011

© 2002 Division of Rare and Manuscript Collections, Cornell University Library


DESCRIPTIVE SUMMARY

Title:
William C. Bouck papers, 1727-1866.
Collection Number:
2206
Creator:
Bouck, William C., 1786-1859.
Quantity:
2.6 cubic feet, 4 reels microfilm.
Forms of Material:
Correspondence, Memorabilia, Legal Documents, Printed Materials.
Repository:
Division of Rare and Manuscript Collections, Cornell University Library
Abstract:
Correspondence, appointment papers, official documents, and other papers chiefly relating to Bouck's political career.
Language:
Collection material in English


BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE

Sheriff of Schoharie County, 1812-1814; member of the New York State Assembly, 1813-1814; Postmaster, West Middlebury, N.Y., 1821; member of the New York State Canal Commission, 1821-1840; Governor of New York State, 1843-1844; Assistant U.S. Treasurer at New York City, 1846-1849.

COLLECTION DESCRIPTION

Correspondence, appointment papers, official documents, and other papers chiefly relating to Bouck's political career include incoming letters concerning his duties as sheriff, the revision of regulations concerning the militia, and state and local politics. Also, considerable correspondence and reports on construction and repair of the Erie, Chemung, Chenango, Champlain, and Crooked Lake Canals, also information on technical problems, seasonal openings and closings, and labor procurement, 1830-1842; letters on political struggles over the enlargement of the canal, on internal improvements in general, on U.S. Mail contracts in Schoharie County, on his campaigns for the governorship in 1840 and 1842, and on the antirent movement in Scoharie and Rensselaer Counties. Correspondence as governor concerns appointments, reform of the judiciary, revision of state constitution, temperance, inspection of foodstuffs in Albany and New York City, Sabbath observances, conditions at state prisons with special attention to facilities for women, minors, and the insane, a Quaker's request for remission of fines under militia law, Candor residents' objections to the use of schools for religious meetings, sale of Oneida Indian Reservation land, state politics, the Barnburner-Hunker factionalism in the Democratic Party, and pre-Civil War tensions.
Later correspondence relates to Bouck's employment by the U.S. Treasury Department and to state and national politics. Other materials include deeds, bills of seizure, and other documents pertaining to the sale of lands in Schoharie County and adjacent areas. Additional items include New York State Militia commissions; copies of wills and probate papers, and other legal documents of Bouck, his father, Christian, and his grandfather William; papers relating to Bouck's Wisconsin land investments and his rental incomes and other personal and family business; estate inventory of Cornelius Feeck; and business papers of Benjamin and Juliet Best and John Ferguson. There are also papers regarding Bouck's activities in the Lutheran Church, including report on Hartwick Seminary property and correspondence on domestic and foreign missions. Miscellaneous items include letters on a portrait of Bouck by Charles Loring Elliott, a letter from John H. Bartholomew on conditions in Chicago in 1856, letters and advertisements on medical cures, and many pamphlets and reports. Correspondents include Daniel S. Dickinson, Lewis Cass, Samuel Beardsley, Jabez D. Hammond, Dorothea Dix, William L. Marcy, and others.
Includes a 1755 Royal land grant, with seal, from George II to William Bouck "confirmed a grant from the Indian occupants in 1747, [to] the property so long known as the Governor Bouck's farm, including Bouck Island" in the town of Fulton, Schoharie County, New York State. The farm was owned by the Bouck family until its sale in 1925 by Katherine Bouck Cornell and William Bouck Cornell to Edgar A. Church.

SUBJECTS

Names:
Bouck, William C.,1786-1859.
Bartholomew, John H.
Beardsley, Samuel, 1790-1860.
Best, Benjamin.
Bouck family.
Bouck, Christian W.
Cass, Lewis, 1782-1866.
Church, Edgar A.
Cornell, Katherine Bouck.
Cornell, William B.(William Bouck), b. 1883.
Dickinson, Daniel S.(Daniel Stevens), 1800-1866.
Dix, Dorothea Lynde, 1802-1887.
Elliott, Charles Loring.
Feeck, Cornelius.
Hammond, Jabez D.
Marcy, William L.(William Learned), 1786-1857.
Democratic Party (N.Y.)
New York (State).Legislature.Assembly.
New York (State).Governor (1843-1844 : Bouck)
New York (State).Militia.
United States.Dept. of the Treasury.

Subjects:
Sheriffs--New York (State)--Schoharie County.
Canals--New York (State)
Postal service--New York (State)--Schoharie County.
Postmasters.
Elections--New York (State)
Anti-rent War, N.Y., 1839-1846.
Temperance.
Food adulteration and inspection--New York (State)
Sabbath legislation--New York (State)
Prisons--New York (State)
Women prisoners--New York (State)
Quakers.
Conscientious objectors--New York (State)
Church and state.
Indians of North America--New York (State)--Land tenure.
Indian reservations--New York (State)
Lutheran Church--Missions.
Medicine, Popular.
Real property--New York (State)
Real property--Wisconsin.
Public lands--Wisconsin.

Places:
Oneida Indian Reservation (N.Y.)
Erie Canal (N.Y.)
Chemung Canal (N.Y.)
Chenango Canal (N.Y.)
Champlain Canal (N.Y.)
Crooked Lake Canal (N.Y.)
New York (State)--Politics and government--19th century.
Chicago (Ill.)--Description and travel.


INFORMATION FOR USERS

Processing Information:
The collection was originally processed in 1962 (Accession 1). A second set of papers was added to the collection in 1963 (Accession 2), and the royal land grant was received in 1998.
Alternate Form Available:
Materials from Accession 1 are also available on microfilm. Reel 1 consists of Political and Business Papers from 1771-1844 while Reel 2 covers 1845-1859. Reel 3 consists of New York State Canal Commission Papers from 1827-1851.
Other Finding Aids:
The original guide to the collection (a pdf file that uses bookmarks) contains additional information that might be useful to researchers, such as a list of correspondence related to Martin Van Buren.
Cite As:
William C. Bouck papers, #2206. Division of Rare and Manuscript Collections, Cornell University Library.

RELATED MATERIALS

Schoharie County Historical Society. The Quarterly Bulletin. Apr. 1943: vol. 7, num. 2.
Hagan, Edward A. William C. Bouck : New York’s Farmer Governor. Westminster, MD: Heritage Books, 2006.

CONTAINER LIST

Date
Description
Container
A more detailed guide to the correspondence is available as a PDF file here: http://rmc.library.cornell.edu/EAD/pdf_guides/RMM02206.pdf
1771-1859, undated
Political and Business Papers (Accession 1)
Box 1 Folder 1-37
1827-February 1835
New York State Canal Commission Papers
Box 1 Folder 38-43
March 1835-1851, undated
New York State Canal Commission Papers
Box 2 Folder 1-17
1798-March 1845
Political and Business Papers (Accession 2)
Box 2 Folder 18-41
April 1845-1859, undated
Political and Business Papers (Accession 2)
Box 3 Folder 1-25
1727-1866
Business and Family Papers
Microfilm
1747-1787
Business and Family Papers
Mapcase Folder 1
Photostats
1755
Royal land grant, with seal, from George II to William Bouck
Mapcase
Oversize Materials
March 21, 1815 - March 17, 1823
Indenture between Joseph Bouck and John Gebhard
Mapcase Folder 3
circa 1839
Newspaper clipping listing various laws passed in New York, several of which involve the canals
Mapcase Folder 3
1840
Map of Milwaukee
Mapcase Folder 3
March 29, 1842
Report of the Commissary General on the state of the arsenal
Mapcase Folder 2
March 16, 1843
Bill for various goods
Mapcase Folder 2
1844
Bill for envelopes, paper and similar goods
Mapcase Folder 2
circa 1849
By-laws of the National Life Insurance Company of the United States
Mapcase Folder 2
1849
List of public property in Assistant Treasurer's office
Mapcase Folder 2