Laurence MacDaniels papers,
L. H.(Laurence Howland), MacDaniels 1888-1986.
39.9 cubic ft.
Forms of Material:
Correspondence, Photographs, Printed Materials, Research Materials
Division of Rare and Manuscript Collections, Cornell University Library
Papers include correspondence with other horticulturists, floriculturists, and pomologists.
Collection material in English
Professor of floriculture and ornamental horticulture, Cornell University.
Laurence Howland MacDaniels received a B.A. from Oberlin College in 1912, where he was a member of the championship football
team. He received a Ph.D. from Cornell in 1917, serving as an instructor in botany from 1914 to 1917. From 1917 and 1919 he
worked as a member of the Botanical Raw Products Committee of the National Research Council and for the Bureau of Aircraft
Production. In 1919 and 1920 he and his wife did relief work with Armenian refugees in Turkey through the American Committee
for Relief in the Near East. In the fall of 1920 he returned to Cornell as an assistant professor of pomology and in 1923
was promoted to professor. During his sabbatical leave in 1926-27, he conducted a botanical survey of the fe'i banana as it
related to Polynesian migration, in association with the Bishop Museum of Honolulu. In 1940, MacDaniels was appointed head
of the Department of Floriculture and Ornamental Horticulture, a position he held until his retirement in 1956.
During World War II, the department, under his leadership, focused on rubber production from American plant species, the
use of plant materials for camouflage, and food production through Victory Gardens. From 1943-1945, on leave, he served in
the Bekaa Valley of Lebanon as director of agricultural extension for the Near East Foundation, and later with the UNRRA.
In 1949 he continued his Polynesian work in Caledonia, the New Hebrides, and Canton Island.
After his retirement in 1956, he continued to be involved in international agriculture, serving as visiting professor of horticulture
at the University of the Philippines at Los Banos, as adviser for nut crops in the Technical Assistance Program for Yugoslavia,
and as technical adviser for fruit crops at Patzcuao, Michoacan, Mexico. An all-around horticulturist, he was also involved
in campus activities, including the Bailey Hortorium and the Cornell Plantations. His extensive community involvement included
the First Unitarian Church, the Council of Social Agencies, the Rotary Club, the Ithaca Information Center, the Ithaca Men's
Garden Club, and Hospicare of Tompkins County. He championed local causes ranging from battles against efforts to fluoridate
the public water supply to helping found a Senior Citizens Center. His concern for protecting natural resources led him to
lead an effort to acquire as many as possible of the one hundred glens along Cayuga Lake for
incorporation into the state park system, and he served on a number of local environmental groups, notably the Cayuga
Lake Preservation Association, the Circle Greenway Committee, and the New York Nature Conservancy. In 1973, on the occasion
of his 85th birthday, a natural area in the Coy Glen Gorge was donated to the university as the L.H. MacDaniels Botanical
Professor MacDaniels co-authored with Arthur J. Eames An Introduction to Plant Anatomy. He was a member of honorary and professional
societies, including the American Society for Horticultural Science (of which he served as president in 1940), the Botanical
Society of America, the Northern Nut Growers Association (president, 1951), North American Lily Society (President 1947-49,
1955-57), and the New York Academy of Sciences. He was a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science,
the American Society for Horticultural Science, and the Royal Horticultural Society of London. In 1966, he was awarded the
Wilder Medal from the American Pomological Society; in 1979 he received the Land Award of the New York Nature Conservancy;
and in 1980, he received the Lytell Lily Cup from the Royal Horticultural Society of London.
Papers include correspondence with other horticulturists, floriculturists, and pomologists mainly concerning the activities
of the North American Lily Society, which he founded, the Northern Nut Growers Association, of which he was president, the
American Society for Horticultural Science, and the American Horticultural Council; correspondence concerning the future of
the Arnold Arboretum at Harvard University and the bread standards (1957-1958) set by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration;
correspondence, reports, and translations (1959-1962) that document MacDaniels' mission as a consultant on nuts and small
fruit for the Technical Assistance Administration of the Federal People's Republic of Yugoslavia under programs sponsored
by the U.S. International Cooperation Administration and the U.S. Agency for International Development; administrative correspondence
of the Department of Floriculture and Ornamental Horticulture; correspondence with the American Association
of University Professors in regard to the continued usefulness of retired professors; research notes and scientific photographs;
manuscript, typescript and mimeographed lecture notes, course outlines, and examination questions; and printed matter relating
to scientific organizations and other subjects; also, photoprints and negatives of Florida and Maguay and Mexico (1921), Samoa,
Fiju, Tahiti (1927) and Lebanon (1944).
Also, legal documents, maps, an account book, and correspondence (1921, 1933-1934, 1936-1939) relating to the settlement of
a family estate involving substantial interests in the Compañia Lechera "El Rosario" at Azcapotzalco, Mexico; the letters
contain occasional comments on the farm labor situation in Mexico and government expropriation of farm land under the agrarian
reform legislation of the period. Also, genealogical records of the Cochran and Allen families from 1882 to 1894; and a six-page
manuscript by Cornell University Professor Damon Boynton entitled "The Hospice Idea," concerning his interview with L. H.
MacDaniels in March 1982.
MacDaniels, L. H.1888-1986.
American Association of University Professors.
American Horticultural Council.
American Society for Horticultural Science.
Compañia Lechera El Rosario.
New York State College of Agriculture and Life Sciences.Dept. of Floriculture and Ornamental Horticulture.
North American Lily Society.
Northern Nut Growers Association.
United States.Agency for International Development.
United States.Food and Drug Administration.
United States.International Cooperation Administration.
Agriculture--Study and teaching.
Terminal care facilities.
Hospices (Terminal care)
Environmental protection--New York State--Ithaca.
Mexico--Politics and government.
Yugoslavia.--Technical Assistance Administration.
Form and Genre Terms: