James G. Needham papers,1884-1957

Collection Number: 21-23-479

Division of Rare and Manuscript Collections
Cornell University Library


DESCRIPTIVE SUMMARY

Title:
James G. Needham papers, 1884-1957
Collection Number:
21-23-479
Creator:
James G. Needham, 1868-1956
Quantity:
6 cubic ft.
Forms of Material:
Letters, legal documents, diaries, scrapbooks, photographs, course materials
Repository:
Division of Rare and Manuscript Collections, Cornell University Library
Abstract:
Correspondence and documents describing the career of James G. Needham.
Language:
Collection material in English


BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE

James G. Needham was born on March 16, 1868 in Virginia, Illinois. He studied with John Henry Comstock at Cornell University, 1896-1898. From 1898-1907 he taught biology at Lake Forest University and then returned to Cornell as assistant professor of limnology. In 1914 when Professor Comstock retired, Needham succeeded him as head of the Department of Entomology at Cornell, a position he held until his retirement in 1935. He published numerous scientific articles, educational papers, and textbooks; he also wrote poetry and philosophical writings. Memberships included the Entomological Society of America, the American Association for the Advancement of Science, the Limnological Society of America, and other scientific societies.

COLLECTION DESCRIPTION

Includes correspondence pertaining to the taxonomic study of dragonflies; correspondence, typed reports, and printed material pertaining to the organization and administration of the Department of Entomology at Cornell; Needham's log of his trip to China (1927-1928) and papers concerning his teaching career and educational philosophy; extensive correspondence with American and foreign scientists, former students, and friends and family, concerning description and identification of insect specimens, publication of Needham's books and articles, establishment of the Okefenokee Society, attempts to get gasoline from the rationing board during World War II, tax matters, alumni activities at Knox College, accounts of friends' collecting expeditions, acknowledgments and remarks on his printed work, both scientific and literary, the purchase of land in Michigan, the establishment of Reed College, recommendations for students and friends, the creation of an Inter-American Wildlife Preserve in British Honduras (Belize), and his PLAN FOR PEACE; course outlines; class schedules; lab worksheets; field trip instructions and assignments; diaries and address book; logs of collecting expeditions; scrapbooks and photograph albums; including photographs of China; glass plate negatives; notes and manuscripts of Needham's writings; price lists of collections; lists of publications of Needham and others; pencil sketches and pen and ink drawings of insects and of a proposed limnological field station on Cayuga Lake; oversized geological survey map of East Ithaca, New York; diagrams of orchards and geodetic survey maps of pond and lake soundings; maps; and printed matter on a variety of subjects. Also included is correspondence of C.P. Alexander, George T. Atkinson, Liberty Hyde Bailey, Nathan Banks, Philip Calvert, T.D.A. Cockerell, John Henry Comstock, Thomas A. Edison, Alice Ferguson, Mrs. Leonora K. Gloyd, David Starr Jordan, Mrs. Elsie B. Klotts, M.A. Lieflinck, B. Elwood Montgomery, Edwin Mumford, Ira La Rivers, F. Ris, Franklin D. Roosevelt, Theodore Roosevelt, Will Sargent, Ernest Robert Tinkham, Henry K. Townes, Minter Jackson Westfall, Jr., and others.
SUBJECTS

Names:
Needham, James G. (James George), 1868-1956.
Needham, James G. (James George), 1868-1956. Plan for peace.
Alexander, Charles P.(Charles Paul)
Atkinson, George T.
Bailey, L. H. (Liberty Hyde), 1858-1954.
Banks, Nathan, b. 1868
Calvert, Philip.
Cockerell, Theodore D. A. (Theodore Dru Alison), 1866-1948.
Comstock, John Henry, 1849-1931.
Darwin, Charles, 1809-1882.
Edison, Thomas A. (Thomas Alva), 1847-1931.
Ferguson, Alice.
Gloyd, Leonora K.
Jordan, David Starr, 1851-1931.
Klotts, Elsie B.
Lieflinck, M. A.
Montgomery, Basil Elwood.
Mumford, Edwin.
La Rivers, Ira, 1915-1977.
Ris, F. (Friedrich), 1867-1931.
Roosevelt, Franklin D. (Franklin Delano), 1882-1945.
Roosevelt, Theodore, 1858-1919.
Sargent, Will.
Tinkham, Ernest Robert.
Townes, Henry.
Westfall, Minter J. (Minter Jackson) 1916-
Cornell University.--Dept of Entomology
Okefenokee Society.
Knox College--Alumni and alumnae.
Reed College (Portland Or.)
Inter-American Wildlife Preserve (Belize).

Subjects:
Entomolgy--Study and teaching.
Education--Philosophy.
Limnology.
Entomologists.
College teachers.

Places:
China--Description and travel.
Belize.
Cayuga Lake (N.Y.).
Inter-American Wildlife Preserve (Belize).

Form and Genre Terms:
Photographs.
Diaries.
Scrapbooks.
Drawings.
Negatives.


INFORMATION FOR USERS

Available Copies:
Letters from James Needham to Hortense Butler Heywood are photocopies. Original letters to Heywood are located in Special Collections/Archives, Parks Library, Iowa State University.
Cite As:
James G. Needham papers, #21-23-479. Division of Rare and Manuscript Collections, Cornell University Library.
SERIES LIST

Series I. Correspondence
Boxes 1-3, 8
Series II. Miscellaneous
Boxes 3-4, 7-10, mapcase
Series III. Photographs
Boxes 5-6

CONTAINER LIST

Container
Description
Date
Box 1 Folder 1
Correspondence
1888-1890
Box 1 Folder 2
Correspondence
1891
Box 1 Folder 3
Correspondence
1892-1894
Box 1 Folder 4
Correspondence
1895-1896
Box 1 Folder 5
Correspondence
1897
Box 1 Folder 6
Correspondence
1898
Box 1 Folder 7
Correspondence
1899
Box 1 Folder 8
Correspondence
1900
Box 1 Folder 9
Correspondence
1901
Box 1 Folder 10
Correspondence
1901
Box 1 Folder 11
Correspondence
1902
Box 1 Folder 12
Correspondence
1902
Box 1 Folder 13
Correspondence
1903
Box 1 Folder 14
Correspondence
1904
Box 1 Folder 15
Correspondence
1904
Box 1 Folder 16
Correspondence
1905
Box 1 Folder 17
Correspondence
1905
Box 1 Folder 18
Correspondence
1906
Box 1 Folder 19
Correspondence
1906
Box 1 Folder 20
Correspondence
1907
Box 1 Folder 21
Correspondence
1907
Box 1 Folder 22
Correspondence
1908
Box 1 Folder 23
Correspondence
1908
Box 1 Folder 24
Correspondence
1909
Box 1 Folder 25
Correspondence
1909
Box 1 Folder 26
Correspondence
1909
Box 1 Folder 27
Correspondence
1910
Box 1 Folder 28
Correspondence
1910
Box 1 Folder 29
Correspondence
1911
Box 1 Folder 30
Correspondence
1912
Box 1 Folder 31
Correspondence
1913
Box 1 Folder 32
Correspondence
1914
Box 1 Folder 33
Correspondence
1915
Box 1 Folder 34
Correspondence
1916
Box 1 Folder 35
Correspondence
1917
Box 1 Folder 36
Correspondence
1917
Box 1 Folder 37
Correspondence
1918
Box 1 Folder 38
Correspondence
1919
Box 1 Folder 39
Correspondence
1920-1921
Box 1 Folder 40
Correspondence
1922
Box 1 Folder 41
Correspondence
1923-1925
Box 1 Folder 42
Correspondence
1926
Box 1 Folder 43
Correspondence
1927
Box 1 Folder 44
Log of China Trip
1927
Box 1 Folder 45
Log of China Trip
1927
Box 1 Folder 46
Log of China Trip
1927-1928
Box 1 Folder 47
Log of China Trip
1928
Box 1 Folder 48
Log of China Trip
1928
Box 1 Folder 49
Correspondence
1928
Box 1 Folder 50
Correspondence
1928
Box 1 Folder 51
Correspondence
1929
Box 2 Folder 1
Correspondence
1930
Box 2 Folder 2
Correspondence
1930
Box 2 Folder 3
Correspondence
1931
Box 2 Folder 4
Correspondence
1932
Box 2 Folder 5
Correspondence
1932
Box 2 Folder 6
Correspondence
1932
Box 2 Folder 7
Correspondence
1933
Box 2 Folder 8
Correspondence
1934
Box 2 Folder 9
Correspondence
1935
Box 2 Folder 10
Correspondence
1935
Box 2 Folder 11
Letters of Condolence A.B.T Needham
1935
Box 2 Folder 12
Correspondence
1936
Box 2 Folder 13
Correspondence
1937
Box 2 Folder 14
Correspondence
1937
Box 2 Folder 15
Correspondence
1937
Box 2 Folder 16
Correspondence
1938
Box 2 Folder 17
Correspondence
1938
Box 2 Folder 18
Correspondence
1938
Box 2 Folder 19
Correspondence
1938
Box 2 Folder 20
Correspondence
1939
Box 2 Folder 21
Correspondence
1939
Box 2 Folder 22
Correspondence
1939
Box 2 Folder 23
Correspondence re: Lectures
1939
Box 2 Folder 24
Correspondence
1939
Box 2 Folder 25
Correspondence
1940
Box 2 Folder 26
Correspondence
1940
Box 2 Folder 27
Correspondence
1941
Box 2 Folder 28
Correspondence
1941
Box 2 Folder 29
Correspondence
1942
Box 2 Folder 30
Correspondence
1942
Box 2 Folder 31
Correspondence
1943
Box 2 Folder 32
Letters to Annabel
1943
Box 2 Folder 33
Correspondence
1944
Box 2 Folder 34
Correspondence
1944
Box 2 Folder 35
Letters to Annabel
1940-1945
Box 2 Folder 36
Correspondence
1945
Box 2 Folder 37
Correspondence
1945
Box 2 Folder 38
Correspondence
1945
Box 2 Folder 39
Correspondence
1946
Box 2 Folder 40
Correspondence
1946
Box 2 Folder 41
Correspondence
1946
Box 2 Folder 42
Correspondence
1946
Box 2 Folder 43
Correspondence
1947
Box 3 Folder 1
Correspondence
1947
Box 3 Folder 2
Correspondence
1947
Box 3 Folder 3
Correspondence
1948
Box 3 Folder 4
Correspondence
1948
Box 3 Folder 5
Correspondence
1949
Box 3 Folder 6
Correspondence
1949
Box 3 Folder 7
Correspondence
1950
Box 3 Folder 8
Correspondence
1950
Box 3 Folder 9
Correspondence
1951
Box 3 Folder 10
Correspondence
1951
Box 3 Folder 11
Correspondence
1952
Box 3 Folder 12
Correspondence
1952
Box 3 Folder 13
Correspondence
1952-1953
Box 3 Folder 14
Correspondence
1953
Box 3 Folder 15
Correspondence
1954
Box 3 Folder 16
Correspondence
1954
Box 3 Folder 17
Correspondence
1954
Box 3 Folder 18
Correspondence
1954-1955
Box 3 Folder 19
Correspondence
1955
Box 3 Folder 20
Correspondence
1956
Box 3 Folder 21
Correspondence
1956
Box 3 Folder 22
Correspondence
1957
Box 3 Folder 23
Correspondence
1956-1957
Box 3 Folder 24
Condolence Letters
1957-1958
Box 3 Folder 25
Condolence Cards
1959
Box 3 Folder 26
Undated Correspondence
Box 3 Folder 27
Undated Correspondence
Folder in Ms. Box 16
Charles Darwin Letter
No date
Box 3 Folder 29
Greeting Cards
Box 3 Folder 30
Greeting Cards
Box 3 Folder 31
Greeting Cards
Box 3 Folder 32
Greeting Cards
Box 8 Folder 1
To Anna Taylor
1890
Box 8 Folder 2
To Anna Taylor
1891
Box 8 Folder 3
To Anna Taylor
1892
Box 8 Folder 4
To Anna Taylor
1893
Box 8 Folder 5
To Anna Taylor
1894
Box 8 Folder 6
To Anna Taylor, incomplete
n.d.
Box 8 Folder 7
To John Needham, from father and mother
ca. 1931
Box 8 Folder 8
T. D. A. Cockerell's correspondence
1899-1912
Box 8 Folder 9
Additional misc. correspondence
1905-1919
Box 3 Folder 33
Honors
1913-1955
Box 3 Folder 34
China Miscellany
Box 3 Folder 35
China Miscellany
Box 3 Folder 36
China Miscellany
Box 3 Folder 37
Taxes
1908-1953
Box 3 Folder 38
Taxes
1908-1958
Box 3 Folder 39
Financial
Box 4 Folder 1
Natural History of the Farm
Box 4 Folder 2
West Virginia - Report
1953
Box 4 Folder 3
Mexico Trip
1936
Box 4 Folder 4
Cayuga Indian Festival
1914
Box 4 Folder 5
West Virginia Biological Notes
1930
Box 4 Folder 6
Mexico and California trip
1936
Box 4 Folder 7
University of Puerto Rico
1930-1935
Box 4 Folder 8
Apalachicola
1927
Box 4 Folder 9
Laguna
1922-1923
Box 4 Folder 10
Stanford University and Texas trip
1937
Box 4 Folder 11
San Clemente
1923-1924
Box 4 Folder 12
California Limnology-Elsinore
1922
Box 4 Folder 13
Stanford Correspondence
1936-1937
Box 4 Folder 14
West Indian trip
1930
Box 4 Folder 15
North Carolina-Kentucky trip
1938
Box 4 Folder 16
Florida
1939
Box 4 Folder 17
Flying Trip
1930
Box 4 Folder 18
Olympic Mountain trip
1942-1958
Box 4 Folder 19
Cape Fear River trip
1934
Box 4 Folder 20
North Carolina Collectin trip
1929-1935
Box 4 Folder 21
"Jingle of the Jungle"
No date
Box 4 Folder 22
California Limnology-Elsinore
1942
Box 4 Folder 23
Santo Domingo
1930-1947
Box 4 Folder 24
Cuba
1936-1939
Box 4 Folder 25
Utah
1926
Box 4 Folder 26
Okefenokee Swamp
Box 4 Folder 27
My 75th Birthday
1942
Box 4 Folder 28
Manuscripts
1917-1918
Box 4 Folder 29
Ontario Manuscripts
1953
Box 4 Folder 30
Ontario
1953
Box 4 Folder 31
Ontario
1954-1955
Box 4 Folder 32
Undated Manuscripts
Box 4 Folder 33
Undated Manuscripts and Notes
Box 4 Folder 34
Undated Manuscripts and Notes
Box 4 Folder 35
Undated Poetry Manuscripts
Box 4 Folder 36
Undated Manuscripts
Box 4 Folder 37
Undated Manuscripts
Box 4 Folder 38
Undated Miscellany
Box 4 Folder 39
Undated Notes and Coreespondence
Box 4 Folder 40
Undated Miscellany
Box 4 Folder 41
Undated Miscellany
Box 4 Folder 42
Undated Miscellany and notes
Box 4 Folder 43
Miscellaneous Fragments Undated
Box 4 Folder 44
Writings by others
Box 4 Folder 45
Overpopulation
Box 4 Folder 46
Clippings about Needham
Box 4 Folder 47
Clippings about Needham
Box 4 Folder 48
Clippings about Needham
Box 4 Folder 49
Clippings
1989-ca. 1947
Box 4 Folder 50
Miscellany
Box 4 Folder 51
Needham Publications and Advertisements
Box 4 Folder 52
Programs and Reviews
Box 7
Address books
Box 7
Diaries
Box 7
Book of place-cards, Jugatae Banquet
1931
Box 7
Certificates
Box 7
Passport
Box 7
88th Birthday book
Box 7
Photo-scrapbook album, W. Virginia
1930
Box 8 Folder 10
Indian Museum work
1909-1910
Box 8 Folder 11
Peking Society of National History, King Senior medal certificate
1930
Box 8 Folder 12
"Check-list of Odonata of Oceania", by Erich Schmidt
Box 8 Folder 13
Dragonflies Manuscript
1895
Box 8 Folder 14
Accounts
1886-1892
-contains a dairy titled "The Diary of a Pedagague", starting on page 140
Box 9
Miscellany
Box 10
Maps
Box 10 Folder 1
Key to autograph New York State maps showing watercourses and wetlands
Box 10 Folder 1
Finger Lakes Region
Box 10 Folder 1
Genesee Valley
Box 10 Folder 1
#129, top of #153
Box 10 Folder 2
#16, 17
Box 10 Folder 3
#27-29, 39-43, 50
Box 10 Folder 4
#51-56, 58-59, 62-66
Box 10 Folder 5
#79, 80 (2 parts), 81-83, 85-89
Box 10 Folder 6
#101-108, 112-113, 124-125
Box 10 Folder 7
126-129, 130 (2 parts), 131-134, 145-150
Box 10 Folder 8
#151, 153, 155-159, 166, 171, 175
Box 10 Folder 9
#176-181, 193
Box 10 Folder 10
#206-207
Mapcase Folder 2
#35,100-101; 122; Adirondacks
Mapcase Folder 2
Pinar del Rio [Cuba]
1935
Mapcase Folder 1
High School diploma of James G. Needham, Virginia, Illinois
June 15, 1884
Mapcase Folder 1
J.G.N.'s Bachelor of Science degree from Knox College, Galesburg, Illinois
June 11, 1891
Mapcase Folder 1
J.G.N.'s Master of Science degree from Knox College
June 15, 1894
Mapcase Folder 1
J.G.N.'s Doctor of Philosophy degree from Cornell University
June 16, 1898
Mapcase Folder 1
J.G.N.'s Certificate as Phi Beta Kappa alumnus member by action of Delta Chapter of Illinois
May 11, 1917
Mapcase Folder 1
J.G.N.'s Honorary Doctor of Letters degree from Knox College
July 18, 1921
Mapcase Folder 1
Anna B. Taylor's Bachelor of Letters degree from Knox College
Box 11
Illustrated plates used in Needham's books
Box 5 Folder 1
Alabama
Box 5 Folder 2
Archbold Biological Field Station
Box 5 Folder 3
Bass Biological Laboratory; Buildings at Englewood; Bethany Beach
Box 5 Folder 4
"Beaufort Harbor Biological Lab."
Box 5 Folder 5
Biological Field Station
Box 5 Folder 6
Branch, Hazel E. : Photo portfolio of "Limnology class, Spring of 1919"; 4 loose pictures of specimens
Box 5 Folder 7
British Guiana [Surinam]
Box 5 Folder 8
China
Box 5 Folder 9
China
Box 5 Folder 10
China scenes
Box 5 Folder 11
China scenes
Box 5 Folder 12
Chinese students
Box 5 Folder 13
Chinese students and families
Box 5 Folder 14
Chinese students and families
Box 5 Folder 15
Chinese students and Staff, with Needham, Peking
Box 5 Folder 16
Chinese students with Needham family, Shanghai
Box 5 Folder 17
Colleagues and friends
Box 5 Folder 18
Colleagues and friends
Box 5 Folder 19
Classes [?] unidentified
Box 5 Folder 20
Comstock, Anna
Box 5 Folder 21
Comstock, John Henry
Box 5 Folder 22
Comstock Hall
Box 5 Folder 23
Dynamite
Box 5 Folder 24
Family photo
Box 5 Folder 25
Family photos
Box 5 Folder 26
Family photos
Box 5 Folder 27
Family photos
Box 5 Folder 28
Family photos
Box 5 Folder 29
Family photos
Box 5 Folder 30
Family photos
Box 5 Folder 31
Field Trips
Box 5 Folder 32
Field Trips & Classes
Box 5 Folder 33
Friends & Colleagues
Box 5 Folder 34
Hilliard, Annabel, 1956. Constableville, NY. (sic) Thanksgiving 1956
Box 5 Folder 35
Indian Pageant on Beebe Lake c. 1914
Box 5 Folder 36
Knox College
Box 5 Folder 37
Lake Laboratory at Juanita Island, Lake George
Box 5 Folder 38
Limnology classes
Box 5 Folder 39
Minnesota
Box 5 Folder 40
Miscellaneous people
Box 5 Folder 41
Miscellaneous photos, scenes
Box 5 Folder 42
Miscellaneous photos (some identified)
Box 5 Folder 43
J.G. Needham
Box 5 Folder 44
J.G. Needham
Box 5 Folder 45
J.G. Needham & students
Box 5 Folder 46
J.G. Needham & former classmates
Box 5 Folder 47
"Pamp"
Box 5 Folder 48
Photographs, Miss Swanson [M. Eurdloch?]
Box 5 Folder 49
"Photoprints of entomologists from Dr. Matheson [?] 28 v.'45"
Box 5 Folder 50
Plants, shells, etc.
Box 5 Folder 51
Postcards
Box 5 Folder 52
Postcards, China
Box 5 Folder 53
Postcards, China, etc.
Box 5 Folder 54
Postcards, Malaya
Box 5 Folder 55
Postcards, Singapore & Penang
Box 5 Folder 56
Scenes
Box 5 Folder 57
West Virginia
Box 5 Folder 58
"Wild Flower Reserve & Ringwood"
Box 5 Folder 59
Willard Culver's photos. Englewood, Fla. June 1944
Box 6
Glass Negatives