New York Agricultural Leaders Oral History Project,1962-1968.

Collection Number: 13-6-428

Division of Rare and Manuscript Collections
Cornell University Library


DESCRIPTIVE SUMMARY

Title:
New York agricultural leaders oral history project, 1962-1968.
Collection Number:
13-6-428
Creator:
Cornell University. Program in Oral History.
Quantity:
60 volumes.
Forms of Material:
Transcripts of interviews.
Repository:
Division of Rare and Manuscript Collections, Cornell University Library
Abstract:
Includes interviews with farmers, officials of the State Grange, New York State and American Farm Bureau Federations, the Dairymen's League, GLF, and other agricultural businesses, county agents, extension specialists, faculty and staff members of the New York State College of Agriculture, and others involved in agriculture in New York State.
Language:
Collection material in English


COLLECTION DESCRIPTION

Includes interviews with farmers, officials of the State Grange, New York State and American Farm Bureau Federations, the Dairymen's League, GLF, and other agricultural businesses, county agents, extension specialists, faculty and staff members of the New York State College of Agriculture, and others involved in agriculture in New York State.
Subjects discussed include student days in the College of Agriculture; production and marketing of beef poultry, dairy products, and apples and other orchard fruit; farm practice and management, including the use of cost accounting, access to credit, and procurement and management of labor; experiences in organizing farmers, particularly in fruit-marketing cooperatives; relationship of farmers to the Extension Service and Farm Bureau, impressions of early county agents, and farmers' reactions to tuberculosis and brucellosis control; formation of the American Farm Bureau Federation, activities of both the American and State Farm Bureaus, including the relationship between the two, decision making in the latter, and separation of the Farm Bureau from the State Extension Service; founding of the Dairymen's League, sources of support and opposition, decision making in the organization, milk control legislation, milk marketing, changing of the League from a bargaining to an operating organization, and its relationship to other milk-marketing organizations; formation of the Grange League Federation (GLF), raising its capital funds, decision making, research, development of retail and supply services, information and public relations, marketing activities, credit policies, establishing its insurance company, expansion of territory, and relationship to agricultural colleges, farm organizations, and competitors; the work of county agents and their association with the College staff, other agents, and county agricultural organizations; teaching, research, and extension work at the College of Agriculture, in agricultural economics, agricultural engineering, agronomy, animal husbandry, bacteriology, biochemistry, botany, conservation, entomology, farm practice, pomology, and vegetable crops; activities of Edward H. Thomson as president of the Federal Land Bank of Springfield, Mass.; Albert B. Genung's work in the Bureau of Agricultural Economics, USDA; George F. Warren's career, as recalled by his associates; Rockefeller Foundation-sponsored programs for crop improvement (1940-1962) in Mexico, Colombia, and the Far East; Halsey B. Knapp's experiences as director of the Long Island Agricultural and Technical Institute in Farmingdale and as leader of the Cornell-Los Banos Project at the University of the Philippines; and the characteristics of the seed business in New York State.
References are made to the organization or activities of the Conference Board of Farm Organizations, Dairy Farmers of America, Dairy Record Club, Empire Livestock Marketing Cooperative, Holstein-Friesian Association, National Poultry Industry Planning Committee, New York State Fruit Testing Association, New York State Horticultural Society, New York State Poultry Council, N.Y.S. School of Agriculture at Cobleskill, Northeastern Poultry Products Council, USDA Office of Farm Management, Pharsalia Project, Poultry and Egg National Board, Producers Cooperative Commission Association of Buffalo, Rochester Production Credit Association, Rural Radio Network, Soil Conservation Service, and Western New York Apple Growers Association.
There are also recollections of or references to Bristow Adams, G. F. Atkinson, H. E. Babcock, William Barrett, Liberty Hyde Bailey, Earl W. Benjamin, Maurice C. Burritt, Anna Botsford and John Henry Comstock, N. J. Cladakis, Lane Cooper, Edmund Ezra Day, Thomas E. Dewey, R. A. Emerson, Edmund H. Fallon, Livingston Farrand, Verne A. Fogg, Edward S. Foster, Fred Freestone, Beverly T. Galloway, Frank E. Gannett, Cedric Guise, Albert Hoefer, Ralph S. Hosmer, Lewis Knudson, Carl E. Ladd, Fiorello LaGuardia, K. C. Livermore, Albert R. Mann, James McConnell, Thomas E. Milliman, William I. Myers, James G. Needham, A. B. Recknagel, James E. Rice, William A. Riley, Isaac P. Roberts, Flora Rose, Willard W. Rowlee, Elmer S. Savage, Fred Sexauer, Earl Smith, Mark V. Slingerland, Leland Spencer, Samuel Spring, H. H. Whetzel, K. M. Wiegand, Burt Green Wilder, H. H. Wing, George A. Works, E. L. Worthen, Archie Wright, Martha Van Rensselaer, and Owen D. Young.
There are interviews with Albert Blanchard, William Barrett, Ray Bender, Frank W. Beneway, Earl W. Benjamin, Albert Blanchard, Bartow W. Bull, Walter Clickman, William L. Colton, James C. Corwith, Harold Cowles, Verne A. Fogg, Edward S. Foster, Bruce Gervan, Donald F. Green, Sr., Herbert B. Hartwig, Warren W. Hawley, Jr., Raymond C. Hitchings, John C. Huttar, George Lamb, Thomas E. LaMont, James McConnell, Elizabeth MacDonald, Thomas E. Milliman, Harlan B. Munger, Horace W. Norton, Edgar Raish, Seymour K. Rodenhurst, Orrin F. Ross, Fred D. Rumsey, Clarence M. Slack, Paul Smith, William S. Secord, Jared W. Stiles, Harold M. Stanley, Clayton C. Taylor, Edward H. Thomson, E. Victor Underwood, Reverdy and William P. Wadsworth, William Waldorf, and Carl Warren. Also, Cornell professors Richard Bradfield, Chester J. Bradley, Arthur J. Eames, Albert B. Genung, Anson W. Gibson, Van B. Hart, Herbert B. Hartwig, Glenn W. Hedlund, Glenn W. Herrick, Burton A. Jennings, Asa King, Halsey B. Knapp, Laurence H. MacDaniels, L. A. Maynard, Benton S. Monroe, William I. Myers, E. Laurence Palmer, Howard W. Riley, Gad P. Scoville, S. Reuben Shapley, Lloyd R. Simons, George W. Tailby, Homer C. Thompson, Edmund L. Worthen, Albert H. and Anna A. Wright, and Bailey Hortorium Curator Ethel Zoe Bailey.
Also, interviews with William H. Chandler, who taught pomology at Cornell from 1913 to 1923, conducted by Elizabeth I. Dixon, Librarian of the Oral History Program at UCLA, at the request of Gould P. Colman in early 1963. Transcript is dated 1965.
Most of the interviews were conducted by Gould P. Colman. Other interviewers include graduate students J. Warren Adair, Richard H. Bliss, Jonathan Levine, and Ethan Windahl.
SUBJECTS

Names:
Cornell University.
Adams, Bristow, 1875-1957.
Atkinson, George Francis, 1854-1918.
Babcock, H. E. (Howard Edward), 1889-1950.
Bailey, Ethel Zoe.
Bailey, L. H. (Liberty Hyde), 1858-1954.
Barrett, William, 1888-1978.
Bender, Ray, 1905-1975.
Beneway, Frank W., 1884-1994.
Benjamin, Earl Whitney, 1889-1972.
Bradfield, Richard, 1896-1981.
Bradley, J. Chester (James Chester), 1884-1975.
Bull, Bartow B., 1874-1965.
Burritt, M. C. (Maurice Chase)
Carey, Daniel, 1897-1976.
Chandler, William Henry, 1878-1970.
Colman, Gould P. (Gould Patchin), 1926- ,
Comstock, Anna Botsford, 1854-1930.
Comstock, John Henry, 1849-1931.
Cooper, Lane, 1875-1959.
Cowles, Harold.
Day, Edmund Ezra, 1883-1951.
Dewey, Thomas E. (Thomas Edmund), 1902-1971.
Dixon, Elizabeth I.,
Eames, Arthur J., 1881-1969.
Emerson, Rollins Adams, 1873-1947.
Falllon, Edmund D.
Farrand, Livingston, 1867-1939.
Fogg, Verne A., 1897-1987.
Foster, Edward Shields, 1901-1973.
Freestone, Fred.
Galloway, Beverly T., 1863-1938,
Gannett, Frank E. (Frank Ernest), 1876-1957.
Genung, Albert Benjamin, 1890-1963.
Gervan, R. Bruce, 1907-1993.
Gibson, Anson Wright, 1892-1977.
Green, Donald, 1903-1989.
Guise, Cedric H. (Cedric Hay), 1890-
Hart, Van Breed, 1894-1976.
Hawley, Warren Waldo, Jr., 1891-1982.
Herrick, Glenn W. (Glenn Washington), 1870-1965.
Hoefer, Albert.
Hosmer, Ralph S. (Ralph Sheldon), 1874-1963.
Huttar, John C., 1902-1988.
Jennings, Burton Aaron, 1895-1964.
King, Asa Carlton, 1877-1967.
Knapp, Halsey, 1888-1976.
Knudson, Lewis, 1884-1958.
Ladd, Carl E. (Carl Edwin), 1888-1943.
LaGuardia, Fiorello H. (Fiorello Henry), 1882-1947.
LaMont, Thomas E., 1906-1970.
Levine, Jonathan.,
Livermore, K. C., (Kenneth Carter), 1886-
Mann, Albert Russell, 1880-1947.
Maynard, L. A. (Leonard Amby), 1887-1972.
McConnell, James, 1891-1974.
Milliman, Thomas E., 1890-1971.
Monroe, Benton Sullivan, 1873-1968.
Munger, Harlan B., 1888-1969.
Myers, William Irving, 1891-1976.
Needham, James G. (James George), 1868-1957.
Norton, Horace A., 1883-1971.
Palmer, E. Laurence (Ephraim Laurence), 1888-1970.
Recknagle, A. B. (Arthur Bernhard), 1883-1962.
Rice, James E. (James Edward), 1865-1953.
Riley, Howard W., 1879-1971.
Riley, William A. (William Albert), 1876-
Roberts, Isaac Phillips, 1883-1928.
Rodenhurst, Seymour K. 1893-1973.
Rowlee, Willard Winfield, 1861-
Savage, Elmer Seth, 1884-
Shapley, S. Reuben, 1906-1997.
Simons, L. R.
Slack, Clarence M., 1894-1976.
Slingerland, M. V. (Mark Vernon), 1864-1909.
Smith, Earl.
Smith, Paul, 1889-
Spencer, Leland, 1896-
Spring, Samuel N. (Samuel Newton), 1875-1952.
Stempfle, William Secord, 1895-1982.
Stiles, Jared W., 1907-1974.
Tailby, George W., 1882-1965.
Taylor, Clayton Charles, Jr., 1898-1979.
Thompson, Homer C., 1885-1976.
Thomson, Edward Herrmann, 1887-1967.
Underwood, E. Victor, 1889-1974.
Wadsworth, Reverdy J., 1914-1970.
Wadsworth, William P., 1906-1982.
Wakely, Philip C., 1902-1983.
Waldorf, William E., 1916-2000.
Warren, Carl.
Warren, George F. (George Frederick), 1874-1938.
Whetzel, Herbert Hice, 1877-1944.
Wiegand, Karl M. (Karl McCay), 1873-1942.
Wilder, Burt Green, 1841-1925.
Windahl, Ethan.,
Wing, H. H. (Henry Hiram), 1859-1936.
Works, George A. (George Alan), 1877-1957.
Worthen, Edmund L., 1882-1965.
Wright, Archie.
Young, Owen D., 1874-1962.
American Farm Bureau Federation.
Cooperative Grange League Federation Exchange.
Cornell University -- Students.
Cornell University -- Faculty.
Cornell University -- History.
Dairy Farmers of America.
Dairy Record Club.
Dairymen's League Cooperative Association.
Empire Livestock Marketing Cooperative.
Federal Land Bank, Springfield, Mass.
Holstein-Friesian Association of America.
Joseph Harris Company.
National Poultry Planning Committee.
New York State College of Agriculture -- Students.
New York State College of Agriculture -- Faculty.
New York State College of Agriculture. Extension Service.
New York State Conference Board of Farm Organizations.
New York State Farm Bureau Federation.
New York State Fruit Testing Cooperative Association.
New York State Grange.
New York State Horticultural Society.
New York State Poultry Council.
Northeastern Poultry Products Council.
Poultry and Egg National Board.
Producers Cooperative Commission Association of Buffalo.
Rochester Production Credit Association.
Rockefeller Foundation.
Rural Radio Network.
State University of New York College of Agriculture and Technology at Cobleskill.
United States. Department of Agriculture. Bureau of Agricultural Economics.
United States. Department of Agriculture. Office of Farm Management.
United States. Soil Conservation Service.
University of the Philippines.
Western New York Apple Growers Association.

Subjects:
Agriculture -- New York (State)
Beef -- Marketing.
Poultry -- Marketing.
Dairy industry -- New York (State)
Milk trade -- New York (State)
Apples -- Marketing.
Farm management.
Fruit -- Cooperative marketing.
Agriculture, Cooperative -- New York (State)
County agricultural agents.
Tuberculosis in cattle -- Control.
Brucellosis -- Control.
Agriculture -- Study and teaching.
Agricultural economics.
Agricultural engineering.
Agronomy.
Botany.
Conservation of natural resources.
Farmers -- New York (State)
Pomology.
Vegetables -- New York (State)
Seeds.

Places:
New York (State) -- Politics and government.
New York (State) -- Economic conditions.

Form and Genre Terms:
Oral histories.


INFORMATION FOR USERS

Restrictions on Use:
Most transcripts require permission from heirs, legal representatives, or assigns to reproduce. Transcripts for Bradfield, Bull, Clickman, Colton, Corwith, Hartwig, Lamb, MacDaniels, MacDonald, Stempfle, and Thomson are unrestricted.
Cite As:
New York Agricultural Leaders Oral History Project, #13-6-428. Division of Rare and Manuscript Collections, Cornell University Library.
SERIES LIST

Series I. First Alphabetical Sequence (with descriptions)
Series II. Second Alphabetical Sequence (without descriptions)

CONTAINER LIST

Container
Description
Date
Many of the transcripts contain information from more than one interview session, in those cases we refer to the date of the first interview.
Box 2 Transcript #49
Bailey, Ethel Zoe, 1889-1983
June 27, 1963
Cornell Class: Spring Agriculture 1912
Occupation: Botanist
Interviewer: Colman
Description: Activities of campus children at Cornell in the 1890s; relationships of L. H. Bailey to his students and colleagues; Bailey’s methods of work, attitudes and values.
Box 3 Transcript #81
Barrett, William, 1888-1978
February 3, 1964
Cornell Class: 1915
Occupation: Farm Manager
Interviewer: Colman
Description: Farm and school experiences in Geneseo, NY; education at Cornell; work on Cornell University farms as a laborer and manager; care of experimental areas; impressions of faculty members; instruction of students in farm practices; the college boarding house; testing new equipment.
Box 2 Transcript #54
Bender, Ray, 1905-1975
February 21, 1964
Cornell Class: 1926, MS 1928
Occupation: County agent
Interviewer: Colman
Description: Experiences as student at Cornell and as assistant county agent in Orange County and county agent in Essex County, NY; relationship to Cornell staff, to other agents, and to agricultural organizations in the county; development of birdsfoot trefoil production in Champlain Valley; farmers’ reactions to TB and brucellosis control programs; relations of Extension Service to other farm organizations; changes in the work of Extension Service.
See also collection #37-5-3758
Box 3 Transcript #105
Beneway, Frank W., 1884-1994
June 19, 1964
Cornell Class: Spring Agriculture 1914
Occupation: Farmer
Interviewer: Colman
Description: Farm practices, Dutchess County, NY, ca. 1900; orchard management practices, Ontario County, NY, 1914-1964; comments on fruit marketing including effect of chain stores, organization of Western New York Apple Growers Association, Farm Bureau; Farm Credit, Rochester Production Credit Association; management of migrant labor; use of cost accounts; enlargement of farm; 4-H work, impressions of George F. Warren, Carl Ladd.
Box 2 Transcript #36
Benjamin, Earl Whitney, 1889-1972
July 29, 1963
Cornell Class: 1911, MS 1912, PhD 1914
Occupation: Businessman
Interviewer: Colman
Description: Student experiences at Cornell; development of course and textbook in poultry marketing; the marketing of Pacific Coast eggs in New York City in the 1920s and 1930s; impressions of James E. Rice.
Box 5 Transcript #135
Bradfield, Richard, 1896-1981
August 13, 1962
Occupation: Agronomy professor
Interviewer: Colman
Description: The development of the Rockefeller Foundation programs for crop improvement in Mexico, Columbia, and the Far East, 1940-1962.
See also collection #21-1-2716
Box 3 Transcript #107
Bradley, J. Chester (James Chester), 1884-1975
December 18, 1962
Cornell Class: 1906, PhD 1910
Occupation: Entomology professor
Interviewer: Colman
Description: Experiences as a student and as a professor of entomology at Cornell; recollections concerning J. H. Comstock, L.H. Bailey, M.V. Slingerland, A. D. McGilvary, W. A. Riley, James Needham; trip to South America.
See also collection #21-23-1717
Box 5 Transcript #145
Bull, Bartow W., 1874-1965
December 15, 1964
Occupation: Farmer
Interviewer: Bliss
Description: Activities of the Bull family in Orange County, NY agriculture, 1890-1920, especially organizing Dairymen’s League, 1907, activities in the 1916 milk strike; ditching, tiling, haying practices; early silos; use of oxen; impressions of early county agents.
Box 9 Transcript #336
Carey, Daniel, 1897-1976
November 24, 1964
Cornell Class: 1918
Occupation: Farm organization official
Interviewer: Colman
Description: Experiences as student at Cornell; operation of dairy farm in Tompkins County, NY, 1920-1945; election as town supervisor; establishment of Tompkins County Hospital; election as director, Eastern Milk Producers Federation; experiences as assistant to Secretary of Agriculture Brannan, 1948-1950, especially liaison work with state departments of agriculture; impressions of H. H. Wing and George F. Warren.
Box 4 Transcript #124
Chandler, William H., 1878-1970
Undated
Occupation: Pomology Professor (University of California)
Interviewer: Dixon"
Description: Childhood on farm in Missouri; early education and teaching experiences; further education and teaching at University of Missouri, 1901-13; difficulties of farming; quality of early agricultural studies; appointment to faculty of Cornell University, 1913; influence of Liberty Hyde Bailey, professor at Cornell; tenure as head of department; study of pomology established at Cornell; relationship between Cornell and State Agricultural Experiment Station at Geneva, New York; interaction between farmers and university study of agriculture; decision to accept position at University of California, Southern Branch, 1923; work with California agriculture; importance of soil chemistry; Martin R. Huberty; John Eliot Coit; Vernon T. Stoutemeyer; Claude B. Hutchison; start of floriculture program at UCLA; contributions of plant pathologists; fruit growers' problems; B. H. Crocheron; Ralph E. Smith; Thomas F. Hunt; E. W. Hilgard.
Box 4 Transcript #121
Cowles, G. Harold , 1902-1980
December 10, 1964
Cornell Class: Spring Agriculture 1927
Occupation: Farmer
Interviewer: Windahl
Description: Experiences framing in Chautauqua County, NY, 1910-1965, especially acquisition of equipment, fertilization practices, feeding practices, haymaking, development of purebred Holstein herd, work with Holstein-Friesian Association and with Soil Conservation Service, labor procurement and management, drainage, milk marketing, sugar bush operations; experiences as student at Cornell; satisfactions and stresses of dairy farming.
Box 1 Transcript #24
Eames, Arthur J., 1881-1969
December 6, 1962
Occupation: Botany professor
Interviewer: Colman
Description: Descriptions of the staff and activities of the Dept. of Botany in Sage college and in the College of Agriculture at Cornell; relationships to other departments; field trips; recollections concerning G. F. Atkinson, W. W. Rowlee, H. H. Whetzel, K. M. and Mrs. Wiegand.
See also collection #21-1-3354
Box 4 Transcript #117
Fogg, Verne A., 1897-1987
May 9, 1963
Occupation: Businessman
Interviewer: Colman
Description: Childhood experiences in Vermont; student activities at Massachusetts Agricultural College; county agent work in Windsor County, VT and Chenango County, NY; the Pharsalia project. TB eradication; development of retail services of GLF; GLF research in electric fencing, farm freezing, rubber tired farm equipment, pain, other areas; GLF marketing activities; Crown Point lumber mill; decision to abandon GLF income tax exempt status, GLF credit policies; formation of GLF insurance company; development of GLF petroleum distribution; management of Texas City Refining Company; reminiscences concerning G. F. Warren, H. E. Babcock, Cornell extension specialists.
See also collection #3068
Box 5 Transcript #146
Foster, Edward Shields, 1901-1973
Undated
Cornell Class: 1925
Occupation: Farm organization official
Interviewer: Colman
Description: Childhood experiences; student activities at Cornell; county agent work in Chautauqua and Suffolk Counties; Long Island agriculture in the 1920s; work as executive secretary of New York Farm Bureau Federation; Farm Bureau policymaking; relationships with American Farm Bureau Federation; political activities of organized agriculture in New York; Irwin roads law; rural electrification; separation of Farm Bureau and Extension Service in NY; development of “new model” Farm Bureau organization; poultry disease laboratories; brucellosis eradication; relationship of NYFB to commodity groups and other farm organizations; expansion of NYFB staff; development of marketing program; work with educational organizations; comments concerning New York State School Boards Association; impressions of H. E. Babcock, George F. Warren, Archie Wright, Earl Smith, Ed O’Neal, E. R. Eastman, Joe Barnum, Frank Gannett.
See also collection #3690
Box 1 Transcript #18
Genung, Albert Benjamin, 1890-1963
November 23, 1962
Cornell Class: 1913
Occupation: Agricultural Economics professor
Interviewer: Colman
Description: Student experiences at Cornell; evaluation of faculty members, especially George F. Warren; work in Bureau of Agricultural Economics, USDA; reminiscences concerning H. C. Taylor, H. C. Wallace; Warren and the price of gold; evaluation of Warren’s influence in agricultural economics.
Box 5 Transcript #133
Green, Donald, 1903-1989
December 3, 1964
Occupation: Farmer
Interviewer: Windahl
Description: Experiences in blast furnace operation in northern New York and Massachusetts, 1923-1932; the management of Chazy Orchards, Chazy, NY, 1940-1965, especially drainage, spraying, fertilization, planting, labor procurement and management, credit, cost accounting, sources of information, relations with Farm Bureau and Extension Service; experiences as president of New York State Farm Bureau, 1959-1961, especially representing Farm Bureau in Albany; observations concerning New York State Horticultural Society, insurance services available to farmers in NY; recollections concerning Fred Porter and Edward S. Foster.
Box 1 Transcript #4
Hart, Van Breed, 1894-1976
September 13, 1962
Occupation: Agricultural Economics professor
Interviewer: Colman
Description: Description of George F. Warren as teacher, researcher, and head of the Dept. of Agricultural Economics at Cornell; 1912-1938.
Box 2 Transcript #38
Hawley, Warren Waldo, Jr., 1891-1982
January 23, 1963
Cornell Class: Spring Agriculture 1911
Occupation: Farmer
Interviewer: Colman
Description: Childhood experiences; student experiences at Cornell; impressions of George F. Warren; farm experiences in Genesee County; development of cost account work in the county; Farm Bureau activities in New York State; relationships of the New York to the American Farm Bureau Federation; separation of Farm Bureau and Extension Service in NY; availability of farm credit and development of Production Credit; Producers’ Cooperative Commission Association of Buffalo; poultry certification; service on USDA Commodity Credit Advisory Committee.
Box 1 Transcript #26
Herrick, Glenn Washington, 1870-1965
June 20, 1963
Cornell Class: 1896
Occupation: Entomology professor
Interviewer: Colman
Description: Reflections concerning I. P. Roberts, J. H. Comstock, L. H. Bailey; reaction of faculty of New York State College of Agriculture to Bailey’s resignation as dean.
See also collection #21-23-844
Box 4 Transcript #123
Huttar, John C., 1902-1988
November 24, 1964
Occupation: Businessman
Interviewer: Colman
Description: Student experiences at Cornell, esp. research for Ph.D.; recollections concerning James Rice, Earl Benjamin; experiences managing poultry farms in New Jersey, 1931-1932; experiences with GLF and Agway, 1933-1965, especially marking eggs in New York City; introduction of contracts with egg producers; GLF management training programs; poultry service work; work as farm reporter on Rural Radio Network; egg buyer for USDA; observations concerning organization and activities of National Poultry Industry Planning Committee, Poultry and Egg National Board, New York State Poultry Council, Northeastern Poultry Producers Council; relationships between poultry producer organizations; adjustments required for survival in the poultry industry.
Box 1 Transcript #28
Jennings, Burton Aaron, 1895-1964
February 7, 1963
Occupation: Agricultural Engineering professor
Interviewer: Colman
Description: Student experiences at Cornell; impressions of George F. Warren and William Barrett; work of Dept. of Farm Practice; teaching and extension in agricultural engineering
Box 1 Transcript #12
King, Asa Carlton and, 1877-1967
October 12, 1962
Cornell Class: 1899
Occupation: Educational administrator
Interviewer: Colman
Description: The objectives and administration of the farm practice requirement at Cornell, 1915-1950.
See also collection #37-5-3637
Box 1 Transcript #12
Gibson, Anson Wright, 1892-1977
Undated
Cornell Class: 1917
Occupation: Educational administrator
Description: Childhood experiences; farming in Cayuga County in the 1890s; experiences as a student at Cornell; impressions of Carl Ladd, E. O. Fippin, George Everett, William H. Chandler, L. H. Bailey, George F. Warren; extension work in pomology, 1915; establishing the New York State School of Agriculture at Cobleskill, NY, 1916-1921; experiences as director NYS Agricultural and Technical Institute at Farmingdale, especially relationships to Long Island agricultural organizations, determining teaching objectives, curriculum development, financial support; experiences as project leader, Cornell-Los Banos Project, 1957-1960, especially relationships to I.C.A. and to the staff of the College of Agriculture at Los Banos, living conditions.
See also collection #21-1-2290
Box 5 Transcript #126
Knapp, Halsey, 1888-1976
July 12, 1963
Cornell Class: 1912, MS 1913
Occupation: Educational administrator
Interviewer: Colman
Description: Student experiences at Cornell; land utilization work in the Dept. of Agricultural Economics at Cornell; recollections concerning George F. Warren; development of fruit marketing cooperatives in Western New York.
See also collection #21-2-1700
Box 1 Transcript #19
LaMont, Thomas E., 1906-1970
November 21, 1962
Cornell Class: 1927, MS 1928, PhD
Occupation: Farmer
Interviewer: Colman
Description: Graduate study at Cornell; development of Laboratory of Animal Nutrition at Cornell; graduate instruction in nutrition; research problems; observations on nutrition work at other institutions in the 1920s; open formula feeds, other work with GLF; administration of U.S. Plant, Soil, and Nutrition Laboratory at Cornell; development and administration of Dept. of Biochemistry and School of Nutrition at Cornell; observations on nutrition in China, England, other countries; impressions of H. H. Wing, E. S. Savage, A. R. Mann, Lewis Knudson, H. E. Babcock.
Box 1 Transcript #31
Maynard, L.A. (Leonard Amby), 1887-1972
February 19, 1963
Cornell Class: PhD 1915
Occupation: Nutrition professor
Interviewer: Colman
Description: Student experiences at Cornell, especially employment on George F. Warren’s farm; work in Dept. of Animal Husbandry; development of GLF feed service; major decisions in development of GLF; relationships of GLF to agricultural colleges and to other businesses; contributions of H. E. Babcock to GLF. Also, with Bruce Gervan, development of GLF information and public relations programs; Rural Radio Network; relationships of GLF to farm organizations; expansion of GLF territory; National Council of Farm Cooperatives.
See also collection #29-1-292
Box 2 Transcript #62
McConnell, James, 1891-1974
October 5, 1962
Cornell Class: 1921
Occupation: Businessman
Interviewer: Colman
Description: Student experiences at Cornell, especially employment on George F. Warren’s farm; work in Dept. of Animal Husbandry; development of GLF feed service; major decisions in development of GLF; relationships of GLF to agricultural colleges and to other businesses; contributions of H. E. Babcock to GLF. Also, with Bruce Gervan, development of GLF information and public relations programs; Rural Radio Network; relationships of GLF to farm organizations; expansion of GLF territory; National Council of Farm Cooperatives.
Box 2 Transcript #62
and Gervan, R. Bruce , 1907-1993?
December 11, 1963
Occupation: Businessman GLF
Interviewer: Colman
Description:
Box 40 Transcript #5157
Milliman, Thomas E., 1890-1971
February 25, 1964
Cornell Class: Spring Agriculture 1912
Occupation: Businessman
Interviewer: Colman
Description: Early farm experiences, education at Cornell; impressions of the faculty of the College of Agriculture; experiences as farm manager on Long Island and as agricultural agent in Orange County, NY; participation in the Dairymen’s League strike, 1916, and in the Wicks Committee investigation.
Box 40 Transcript #5158
Milliman, Thomas E., 1890-1971, Addition
August 24, 1967
Interviewer: Colman
Box 1 Transcript #7
Monroe, Benton Sullivan, 1873-1968
September 11, 1962
Cornell Class: 1896, MA 1897, PhD 1901
Occupation: English professor
Interviewer: Colman
Description: Reminiscences concerning Cornell faculty members, 1890-1920.
See also collection #41-12-1356
Box 1 Transcript #20
Munger, Harlan B., 1888-1969
February 27, 1963
Cornell Class: 1912
Occupation: Farm credit administrator
Interviewer: Colman
Description: Student experiences at Cornell; recollections concerning George F. Warren; farm management surveys with USDA; teaching farm management at Iowa State College and at farmers’ institutes in New York State; farm appraisal work for Federal Land Bank; development of production credit associations in Springfield district; relationships between administration of land and short term credit.
Box 10 Transcript #497
Myers, William Irving, 1891-1976
April 25, 1964
Occupation: Dean, College of Agriculture
Interviewer: Colman
Description: Education and family experiences in Chemung County, NY; education at Cornell; summer jobs and other work experiences; graduate study at Cornell; farm layout study; participation in early farm management surveys; expansion of staff and curriculum in agricultural economics at Cornell, 1918-1933; development of extension work in agricultural credit; county conference committees; work with GLF; impressions of H. E. Babcock, K. C. Livermore, George F. Warren.
See also collection #21-2-466
Box 1 Transcript #17
Norton, Horace W., 1883-1971?
January 30, 1963
Occupation: Dairy association official
Interviewer: Colman
Description: Activities with Holstein-Friesian Association, 1919-1958; establishing standards for quality in dairy cattle; recollections concerning H. H. Wing; the Cabana case.
Box 1 Transcript #30
Palmer, E. Laurence (Ephraim Laurence), 1888-1970
February 1, 1963
Occupation: Education professor
Interviewer: Colman
Description: School experiences; reflections concerning boyhood of Carl E. Ladd; graduate study at Cornell; experiences at Iowa State Teachers College; nature study at Cornell; reflections on National Association for Research and Science Teaching; preparation of Fieldbook of Natural History; development of Dept. of Conservation at Cornell; impressions of W. W. Rowlee; James Needham; Anna B. Comstock, Alice McCloskey, George Works, others.
Box 1 Transcript #30
Palmer, E. Laurence (Ephraim Laurence), 1888-1970, Addition
January 12, 1967
Interviewer: Adair
Box 3 Transcript #79
Riley, Howard W., 1879-1971
August 15, 1963
Occupation: Agricultural Engineering professor
Interviewer: Colman
Description: Farm experiences in New Jersey; development of agricultural engineering at Cornell, 1907-1930s; experiences with early gasoline engines; development of septic tank systems and home water systems; development of testing devices and teaching aids; participation in Christian Science Society.
Box 5 Transcript #134
Rodenhurst, Seymour K., 1893-1979
November 10, 1964
Occupation: Farmer
Interviewer: Windahl
Description: Experiences as a dairy farmer in Jefferson County, NY, 1898-1965; farm management practices, rural recreation, 1920s; participation in milk strikes; experiences as director, Dairymen’s League, 1942-1961, and as member of the executive committee, 1945-1949 and 1953-1961; passage of milk control legislation and administration of state and federal milk control; impressions of Fred Sexauer and other League presidents.
Box 1 Transcript #27
Shapley, S. Reuben, 1906-1997
February 14, 1963
Cornell Class: 1928
Occupation: Educational administrator
Interviewer: Colman
Description: Student experiences at Cornell; county agent work in Genesee and Columbia Counties; war labor program; administration of the student practice requirement at Cornell.
Box 2 Transcript #43
Simons, Lloyd R. (L.R.), 1886-1978
April 8, 1963
Cornell Class: 1911
Occupation: Extension professor
Interviewer: Colman
Description: Childhood experiences; student experiences at Cornell; establishing Farm Bureau in Nassau County; work with Federal Extension Office during World War I; formation of American Farm Bureau Federation; experiences as assistant county agent leader, county agent leader, and director of extension at Cornell, especially relating to extension methods, extension specialists, and relationships to farm organization; reminiscences concerning C. B. Smith, Carl Ladd, Fred Freestone, Fred Sexauer, H. E. Babcock, Louis Taber, Albert S. Goss, Ed O’Neal, Earl Smith; experiences in Washington relating to administration of New Deal agricultural programs; separation of Farm Bureau and Extension Service in New York; comments on scope of extension work in New York.
See also collection #21-24-108
Box 2 Transcript #52
Slack, Clarence M., 1894-1976
February 20, 1964
Cornell Class: 1916
Occupation: County agent
Interviewer: Colman
Description: Education at Cornell; experiences as county agricultural agent in Washington County, NY, 1924-1955; dairy cattle judging; dairy herd improvement programs; evaluation of breed associations, other agricultural organizations in county.
Box 5 Transcript #129
Smith, Paul, 1889-
November 10, 1964
Occupation: Farmer
Interviewer: Windahl
Description: Rural economic and social activities, Tioga County, NY, 1920-1964; milk marketing, esp. 1916 strike and Dairymen’s League activities; farmers’ reaction to TB testing; comments on need for government regulation of agriculture; experiences as director, New York State Fair, 1938-1941, and as Assistant Commissioner of Agriculture and Markets, N.Y.S.; relationships to milk market administrator, to Extension Service, and to Farm Bureau.
Box 7 Transcript #234
Stempfle, William Secord, 1895-1982
April 22, 1964
Cornell Class: 1920
Occupation: Farm organization representative
Interviewer: Colman
Description: Experiences as county agricultural agent in Oneida County, NY and Steuben County, NY, especially efforts to secure committeeman, TB eradication, work with potato growers; comments concerning H. E. Babcock and George F. Warren.
Box 3 Transcript #102
Stiles, Jared W., 1907-1974
December 5, 1963
Cornell Class: 1929
Occupation: Businessman
Interviewer: Colman
Description: Agriculture in Lewis County, NY, 1915-1920; student activities at Cornell; comments on member of faculty and administration, especially A. R. Mann, George F. Warren, W. I. Myers, Charles Allen; reminiscences concerning V. A. Fogg, H. E. Babcock, James McConnell; development of GLF, 1920-1964, especially relations to patrons and competitors, committee system, strike at Buffalo mill, effect of World War II, reorganizations, employee selection and training, research program and its role in northeastern agriculture, P. & C.; formation of Agway.
Box 1 Transcript #32
Tailby, George W., 1882-1965
December 10, 1962
Cornell Class: 1906
Occupation: Superintendent of Livestock
Interviewer: Colman
Description: Extension specialist. Activities of campus children at Cornell in the 1890s; hauling coal at the University; the Roberts Barn; recollections concerning I. P. Roberts, H. H. Wing, L. H. Bailey.
Box 1 Transcript #35
Taylor, Clayton Charles, Jr., 1898-1979
July 9, 1963
Cornell Class: 1920
Occupation: Farmer
Interviewer: Colman
Description: Student experiences at Cornell; reflections concerning his father’s farming; development of farm operation based on purebred Angus, Concord grapes, and production of feeder pigs; comments on Erie County Farm Bureau, Erie County Fair, and Erie County agriculture.
Box 2 Transcript #51
Thomson, Edward Hermann, 1887-1967
May 27, 1963
Cornell Class: 1909, MS 1911
Occupation: Banker
Interviewer: Colman
Description: Farm experiences in Delaware County; student experiences at Cornell; early farm management surveys; work in Office of Farm Management USDA; activities as Federal Land Bank of Springfield; coordination of activities of land banks; recollections of George F. Warren, W. J. Spillman, B. T. Galloway.
Box 2 Transcript #65
Thompson, Homer C., 1885-1976
October 9, 1963
Occupation: Horticulture professor
Interviewer: Colman
Description: Education at Ohio State University; work in farm management and horticulture, USDA, especially field investigations in rice, peanuts, sweet potatoes, celery; development of Dept. of Vegetable Crops at Cornell, 1918-1951; impressions of B. T. Galloway, T. L. Lyon, E. O. Fippin, R. A. Emerson, W. A. Chandler, George F. Warren, George Works, Paul Kruse, E. L. Worthen, C. E Ladd, others; establishment of Long Island Vegetable Research Farm; relationships between research and extension work in vegetable crops, particularly coordination with other departments at Ithaca and Geneva; reflections concerning outstanding vegetable growers in New York State; administration of Dept. of Vegetable Crops at Cornell; experiences as head, Bureau of Plant Industry, International Institute of Agricultural Sciences, Costa Rica.
Box 1 Transcript #13
Underwood, E. Victor, 1889-1974
November 14, 1962
Cornell Class: 1913
Occupation: Businessman
Interviewer: Colman
Description: Experiences as student at Cornell and agricultural agent in Oswego and Erie Counties; activities in Albany on behalf of the New York State Farm Bureau Federation and the Conference Board of Farm Organizations; fundraising for GLF; recollections of H. E. Babcock, M. C. Burritt, G. F. Warren; 1909-1960.
Box 2 Transcript #45
Wadsworth, Reverdy Johnson, 1914-1970
November 21, 1963
Occupation: Farmer
Interviewer: Colman
Description: Education, farm operations of his father James Wadsworth, 1925-1940; experiences as cattle driver and grader, Chicago stockyards, 1937; management of beef and dairy cattle farms in Geneseo, 1938-1963; description of rented farms; implementation of provisions of lease; status of tenant in community; tenure.
Box 2 Transcript #44
Wadsworth, William P., 1906-1982
December 6, 1963
Occupation: Farmer
Interviewer: Colman
Description: Education; organization and operation of farms at Geneseo, NY, 1915-1963, including processing and marketing orchard products, production and marketing of beef, sources of agricultural information; description of farms rented; implementation of provisions of lease; tenure of renters; relationships to tenants; problems of property maintenance.
Box 5 Transcript #143
Wakely, Philip Carman, 1902-1983
March 24, 1965
Cornell Class: 1923
Occupation: Farmer
Interviewer: Colman
Description: Childhood education; family activities; early interest in forestry; student experiences in Dept. of Forestry at Cornell; reflections on professionalism and Yale influence of forestry education at Cornell; experiences at Southern Forestry Experiment Station, esp. regeneration studies, commercial interests in reforestation, relations between administrators and researchers in Forest Service; development of pulpwood industry in South; recollections concerning Bristow Adams, Samuel Spring, Ralph Hosmer, A. B. Recknagle, Cedric Guise, Lane Cooper, Ed Munns, F. O. Bateman, Austin Cary, and W. W. Ashe.
Box 6 Transcript #200
Waldorf, William E. and, 1916-2000
May 18, 1965
Occupation: Farmer
Interviewer: Bliss
Description: Experiences in acquiring ownership of dairy farm in Columbia County, NY; efforts to understand milk pricing; experiences organizing farmers to obtain milk price increases, esp. organizing Dairy Farmers of America; reaction of existing farm organizations to his activities. David Osofsky also participated in the interview.
Box 6 Transcript #200
Osofsky, David, 1914-1997
May 18, 1965
Occupation: Farmer
Box 1 Transcript #23
Warren, Carl,
February 15, 1963
Occupation: Seedsman
Interviewer: Colman
Description: Seed business in New York State, 1910; organization and operation of the Joseph Harris Company, 1920-1960, especially origin of new varieties, work of seed salesmen; New York State Seed Association; contribution of Cornell University to seed development and distribution.
Box 1 Transcript #1
Worthen, Edmund L., 1882-1965
August 29, 1962
Cornell Class: MS 1908
Occupation: Agronomy Extension
Interviewer: Colman
Description: Extension work of the Dept. of Agronomy at Cornell, 1919-1950, especially introduction of superphosphate and high-analysis fertilizers.
Box 4 Transcript #114
Blanchard, Albert, 1899-1970
October 22, 1964
Cornell Class: 1926
Occupation: Farmer
Interviewer: Windahl
Box 7 Transcript #255
Clickman, Walter, 1875-1970
January 31, 1968
Occupation: Farmer
Interviewer: Levine
Box 7 Transcript #256
Colton, William L., 1890-1977
February 2, 1968
Occupation: Farmer
Interviewer: Levine
Box 5 Transcript #136
Corwith, James C., 1895-1966
June 22, 1965
Cornell Class: 1916
Occupation: Farmer
Interviewer: Colman
Box 8 Transcript #282
Giffin, Walter , 1894-1978
January 31, 1968
Occupation: Farmer
Interviewer: Levine
Box 5 Transcript #137
Hartwig, Herbert B., 1898-1967
June 30, 1965
Occupation: Agronomy professor
Interviewer: Colman
See also collection #21-12-2078
Box 5 Transcript #142
Hitchings, Raymond C., 1892-1977
January 15, 1965
Occupation: Farmer, USDA seed program
Interviewer: Windahl
Box 6 Transcript #179
Lamb, George, 1891-1985
February 12, 1966
Occupation: Farmer
Interviewer: Levine
Box 7 Transcript #218
MacDaniels, Laurence H., 1888-1986
February 7, 1966
Occupation: Floriculture professor
Interviewer: Colman
See also collection #21-25-815
Box 7 Transcript #219
MacDonald, Elizabeth, 1876-1972
July 11, 1967
Occupation: Farmer
Interviewer: Colman
See also collection #1069, 13-6-428
Box 4 Transcript #122
Raish, Edgar, 1884-1970
December 30, 1964
Occupation: Farmer
Interviewer: Windahl
Box 4 Transcript #118
Ross, Orrin, 1885-1974
December 16, 1964
Cornell Class: Spring Agriculture 1908
Occupation: Farmer
Interviewer: Windahl
Box 1 Transcript #29
Rumsey, Fred D., 1870-1967
February 22, 1963
Occupation: Farmer
Interviewer: Colman
See also collection #2877
Box 3 Transcript #101
Scoville, G. P. (Gad Parker), 1885, 1885-1971
September 11, 1964
Cornell Class: 1910
Occupation: Pomology professor
Interviewer: Colman
Box 2 Transcript #41
Stanley, Harold M., 1891-1975
September 20, 1963
Cornell Class: 1915
Occupation: State Grange secretary
Interviewer: Colman
Box 1 Transcript #22
Wright, Albert H. , 1879-1970
December 19, 1962
Cornell Class: 1904, MA 1905, PhD 1908
Occupation: Zoology professor
Interviewer: Colman
See also collection #14-26-1382
Box 1 Transcript #22
Wright, Anna, 1882-1964
December 19, 1962
Cornell Class: 1909
Interviewer: Colman