Guide to the ILGWU. Scrapbooks,
1910-1958.

Collection Number: 5780/160

Kheel Center for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives
Cornell University Library

Contact Information:
Kheel Center for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives
Martin P. Catherwood Library
227 Ives Hall
Cornell University
Ithaca, NY 14853
(607) 255-3183
kheel_center@cornell.edu
http://www.ilr.cornell.edu/library/kheel
Compiled by:
Kheel Staff
Date completed:
July 2011
EAD encoding:
Cheryl Beredo, July 2011

© 2011 Kheel Center for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives, Cornell University Library


DESCRIPTIVE SUMMARY

Title:
ILGWU. Scrapbooks, 1910-1958.
Collection Number:
5780/160
Creator:
International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union.
Quantity:
20.3 linear feet
Forms of Material:
Scrapbooks
Repository:
Kheel Center for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives, Cornell University Library
Abstract:
This collection contains scrapbooks assembled by officers and members of the International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union. The scrapbooks primarily contain news clippings.
Language:
Collection material in English and Yiddish.


ILGWU ORGANIZATIONAL HISTORY

The International Ladies’ Garment Workers’ Union was founded in New York City in 1900 by mostly Socialist immigrant workers who sought to unite the various crafts in the growing women's garment industry. The union soon reflected changes in the sector and rapidly organized thousands of unskilled and semi-skilled women, mostly Jewish and Italian young immigrants. Exemplifying the “new unionism,” the ILGWU led two of the most widespread and best-known industrial strikes of the early Twentieth Century: the shirtwaist makers’ strike of 1909 in New York City and the cloak makers’ strike of 1910 in Chicago. The union also tried to adapt to the fragmented and unstable nature of the industry. It adopted the “protocol of peace,” a system of industrial relations that attempted to ensure stability and limit strikes and production disruption by providing for an arbitration system to resolve disputes.
The ILGWU exemplified the European-style social unionism of its founding members. They pursued bread and butter issues but provided educational opportunities, benefits, and social programs to union members as well. In 1919, the ILGWU became the first American union to negotiate an unemployment compensation fund that was contributed to by its employers. The ILGWU also pioneered in the establishment of an extremely progressive health care program for its members which included not only regional Union Health Centers but also a resort for union workers, known as Unity House. The Union also had an imaginative and pioneering Education Department which not only trained workers in traditional union techniques, but provided courses in citizenship and the English language.
David Dubinsky, an immigrant from Belarus who came to the US in 1911, provided strong leadership that led to unprecedented growth in the union during his presidency from 1932 to 1966. He led the union through successful internal anti-communist struggles, built on the ascendancy of industrial unionism by encouraging the formation of the Committee for Industrial Organization, and helped the union become an important political force in New York City and state politics, and in the national Democratic Party and Liberal Party as well.
In the period following the Second World War, the union suffered a decline in membership as manufacturers avoided unionization and took advantage of less expensive labor by moving shops from the urban centers in the northeast to the south, and later abroad. The ethnic and racial character of the ILGWU also changed as European immigrants were supplanted by Asians, Latin Americans, African- Americans, and immigrants from the Caribbean.
In July 1995 the ILGWU merged with the Amalgamated Clothing and Textile Workers Union (ACTWU) at a joint convention, forming UNITE (Union of Needletrades, Industrial and Textile Employees). At the time the new union had a membership of about 250,000 in the United States, Canada, and Puerto Rico.

COLLECTION DESCRIPTION

This collection contains scrapbooks assembled by officers and members of the International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union. The scrapbooks primarily contain news clippings.

SUBJECTS

Names:
International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union.
International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union.

Subjects:
Women's clothing industry--United States.
Labor unions--Clothing workers--United States.
Clothing workers--United States.
Industrial relations--United States.

Form and Genre Terms:
Scrapbooks.


INFORMATION FOR USERS

Access Restrictions:
The ILGWU Records, except for publications and materials produced for publication, are restricted. Materials created prior to twenty years from the current date are open to researchers only with prior written permission from the Director of the Kheel Center; materials created during the past twenty-years are closed; the minutes of the General Executive Board are closed. For more information contact the Kheel Center.
Cite As:
ILGWU. Scrapbooks. 5780/160. Kheel Center for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives, Martin P. Catherwood Library, Cornell University.

RELATED MATERIALS

5780. ILGWU records
5780/127. ILGWU. America's Next Great Designer Award. Scrapbooks
5780/128. ILGWU. Women's Wear Daily. Scrapbooks
5780/160mf. ILGWU. American Labor Party news article scrapbook
5780/170. ILGWU. People v. Benedict Macri. Legal Transcript and Scrapbook

NOTES

"Permanent deposit"

CONTAINER LIST

Date
Description
Container
1922-1924
Loose Newspaper Scrapbook pages.
Box 1 Folder 1
February 1922 - April 1924. Yiddish.
1924
Loose Newspaper Scrapbook pages.
Box 1 Folder 2
April 1924 - May 1924. Includes press releases
1924-1925
Loose Newspaper Scrapbook pages.
Box 1 Folder 3
Photocopies.
1925
Memorandum in Behalf of the Union
Box 1 Folder 4
April, 1925
1924-1925
Newspaper Scrapbook
Box 1 Folder 5
July 1924 - April 1925
1925-1926
Newspaper Scrapbook
Box 1 Folder 6
May 1925 - February 1926
1926
Newspaper Scrapbook
Box 1 Folder 7
February 1926 - August 1926
1925-1926
Out Of Town Newspaper Scrapbook
Box 1 Folder 8
October 1925 - October 1926
1911-1915
Newspaper Scrapbook
Box 1a Folder 1
Oversized scrapbook 1911-1915
1926
Newspaper Scrapbook
Box 2 Folder 1
August 1926 - December 1926
1926-1927
Newspaper Scrapbook
Box 2 Folder 2
December 1926 - March 1927
1927
Newspaper Scrapbook
Box 2 Folder 3
March 1927 - September 1927
1927-1928
Newspaper Scrapbook
Box 2 Folder 4
September 1927 - May 1928
1928-1929
Newspaper Scrapbook
Box 3 Folder 1
May 1928 - March 1929
1929
Newspaper Scrapbook
Box 3 Folder 2
April 1929 - July 1929
1929
Newspaper Scrapbook
Box 3 Folder 3
July 1929 - September 1929
1929-1930
Newspaper Scrapbook
Box 3 Folder 4
September 1929 - January 1930
1930
Newspaper Scrapbook
Box 3 Folder 5
January 1930 - March 1930
1930
Newspaper Scrapbook
Box 4 Folder 1
March 1930 - September 1930
1930-1931
Newspaper Scrapbook
Box 4 Folder 2
September 1930 - July 1931
1931-1932
Newspaper Scrapbook
Box 4 Folder 3
August 1931 - June 1932
1932-1933
Newspaper Scrapbook
Box 4 Folder 4
June 1932 - July 1933
1933
Newspaper Scrapbook
Box 4 Folder 5
August 1933 - December 1933
1933-1934
Newspaper Scrapbook
Box 5 Folder 1
December 1933 - April 1934
1934
Newspaper Scrapbook
Box 5 Folder 2
April 1934 - July 1934
1934
Newspaper Scrapbook
Box 5 Folder 3
April 1934 - August 1934
1934
Newspaper Scrapbook
Box 5 Folder 4
July 1934 - October 1934
1934-1935
Newspaper Scrapbook
Box 5 Folder 5
October 1934 - January 1935
1935
Newspaper Scrapbook
Box 6 Folder 1
January 1935 - March 1935
1935
Newspaper Scrapbook
Box 6 Folder 2
March 1935 - May 1935
1935
Newspaper Scrapbook
Box 6 Folder 3
May 1935 - July 1935
1935
Newspaper Scrapbook
Box 6 Folder 4
July 1935 - September 1935
1935
Newspaper Scrapbook
Box 6 Folder 5
September 1935 - December 1935
1935-1936
Newspaper Scrapbook
Box 7 Folder 1
December 1935 - February 1936
1936
Newspaper Scrapbook
Box 7 Folder 2
February 1936 - March 1936
1936
Newspaper Scrapbook
Box 7 Folder 3
March 1936 - July 1936
1936
Newspaper Scrapbook
Box 7 Folder 4
July 1936 - September 1936
1936-1937
Newspaper Scrapbook
Box 7 Folder 5
August 1936 - October 1937
1936
Newspaper Scrapbook
Box 8 Folder 1
September, 1936
1936
Newspaper Scrapbook
Box 8 Folder 2
September, 1936
1936
Newspaper Scrapbook
Box 8 Folder 3
September 1936 - October 1936
1936
Newspaper Scrapbook
Box 8 Folder 4
October, 1936
1936
Newspaper Scrapbook
Box 8 Folder 5
October, 1936
1936
Newspaper Scrapbook
Box 9 Folder 1
October, 1936
1936
Newspaper Scrapbook
Box 9 Folder 2
October 1936 - November 1936
1936
Newspaper Scrapbook
Box 9 Folder 3
November, 1936
1936
Newspaper Scrapbook
Box 9 Folder 4
November 1936 - December 1936
1936-1937
Newspaper Scrapbook
Box 9 Folder 5
December 1936 - January 1937
1937
Newspaper Scrapbook
Box 10 Folder 1
January 1937 - March 1937
1937
Newspaper Scrapbook
Box 10 Folder 2
March 1937 - May 1937
1937
Newspaper Scrapbook
Box 10 Folder 3
May 1937 - July 1937
1937
Newspaper Scrapbook
Box 10 Folder 4
June 1937 - August 1937
1937-1938
Newspaper Scrapbook
Box 10 Folder 5
October 1937 - January 1938
1938
Newspaper Scrapbook
Box 11 Folder 1
January 1938 - February 1938
1938
Newspaper Scrapbook
Box 11 Folder 2
June 1938 - October 1938
1938-1939
Newspaper Scrapbook
Box 11 Folder 3
October 1938 - February 1939
1939
Newspaper Scrapbook
Box 11 Folder 4
February 1939 - August 1939
1939-1940
Newspaper Scrapbook
Box 11 Folder 5
August 1939 - January 1940
1940
Newspaper Scrapbook
Box 11 Folder 6
January 1940 - April 1940
1940
Newspaper Scrapbook
Box 12 Folder 1
April 1940 - July 1940
1940
Newspaper Scrapbook
Box 12 Folder 2
July 1940 - September 1940
1940
Newspaper Scrapbook
Box 12 Folder 3
September 1940 - November 1940
1940-1941
Newspaper Scrapbook
Box 12 Folder 4
December 1940 - January 1941
1941
Newspaper Scrapbook
Box 12 Folder 5
January 1941 - February 1941
1941
Newspaper Scrapbook
Box 12 Folder 6
August, 1941
1942
Newspaper Scrapbook
Box 13 Folder 1
January 1942 - March 1942
1942
Newspaper Scrapbook
Box 13 Folder 2
January 1942 - June 1942
1943
Newspaper Scrapbook
Box 13 Folder 3
May 1943 - August 1943
1943-1944
Newspaper Scrapbook
Box 13 Folder 4
December 1943 - March 1944
1944-1945
Newspaper Scrapbook
Box 13 Folder 5
May 1944 - March 1945
1938
American Labor Party Scrapbook
Box 14 Folder 1
April 1938 - December 1938
1939-1940
American Labor Party Scrapbook
Box 14 Folder 2
December 1939 - September 1940
1944
American Labor Party Scrapbook
Box 14 Folder 3
May 1944 - October 1944
1938-1939
AF of L Scrapbook
Box 14 Folder 4
October 1938 - June 1939
1940
AF of L Scrapbook
Box 14 Folder 5
May 1940 - July 1940
1944-1949
Newspaper Scrapbook
Box 14 Folder 6
January 1944 - March 1949
1937-1938
C.I.O. Non-Editorial
Box 15 Folder 1
September 1937 - May 1938
1937-1938
C.I.O. Conference
Box 15 Folder 2
October 1937 - January 1938
1937-1938
C.I.O. Editorial
Box 15 Folder 3
December 1937 - December 1938
1938
C.I.O.
Box 15 Folder 4
May 1938 - October 1938
1939-1950
C.I.O. Non-Editorial
Box 15 Folder 5
June 1939 - November 1940
1940
Newspaper Scrapbook
Box 15 Folder 6
November, 1940
1940-1956
Newspaper Scrapbook
Box 15 Folder 7
November 1940 - December 1956
1954-1958
Newspaper Scrapbook
Box 15 Folder 8
March 1954 - April 1958. Loose photocopies
1959-1960
Newspaper Scrapbook
Box 15 Folder 9
September 1959 - August 1960. Loose photocopies
1936
Womens Garment Strike Scrapbook
Box 16 Folder 1
January 1936 - March 1936
1936
Womens Garment Strike Scrapbook
Box 16 Folder 2
February 1936 - March 1936
1933
Coat and Cloak Scrapbook
Box 16 Folder 3
July 1933 - September 1933
1924-1927
Press Comments Scrapbook
Box 16 Folder 4
March 1924 - July 1927
1924-1925
Memorandums
Box 16 Folder 5
1925
Briefs
Box 16 Folder 6
1925
Reports
Box 16 Folder 7
1926
Cloak Strike
Box 16 Folder 8
1925
Report of an Investigation
Box 16 Folder 9
1925
Governor's Advisory Commission. Wages and Wage Scales
Box 16 Folder 10
1927
Review of Constructive Publicity Campaign
Box 16 Folder 11
February 1927 - May 1927
1927
Review of Constructive Publicity Campaign
Box 16 Folder 12
February 1927 - May 1927. Photocopy
1933-1934
Womens Garment Strike
Box 16 Folder 13
Oversized scrapbook- 10/12/33-7/34
1924
Facts About the Garment Strike
Box 16a Folder 1
1934-1937
I.L.G.W.U. Drama Department Scrapbook
Box 17 Folder 1
December 1934 - December 1937. English and Yiddish
1934-1939
I.L.G.W.U. Choral Department Scrapbook
Box 17 Folder 2
October 1934 - April 1939. English and Yiddish
1935-1943
I.L.G.W.U. Instrumental Department scrapbook
Box 17 Folder 3
January 1935 - February 1943. English and Yiddish
1934-1935
I.L.G.W.U. Drama Department "Steel" Scrapbook
Box 17 Folder 4
1950-1956
I.L.G.W.U. Drama Department "With These Hands" Scrapbook
Box 17 Folder 5
June 1950 - June 1956. English and Yiddish
1939-1940
Drama Department “Steel” and “With These Hands”
Box 17a Folder 1
Oversized scrapbook-4/30/39-8/24/40
1937-1958
Organized Crime Scrapbook
Box 18 Folder 1
March 1937 - January 1958
1957
Organized Crime Scrapbook
Box 18 Folder 2
August, 1957
1923
Unity House. Report and Data
Box 18 Folder 3
1962
I.L.G.W.U. 1962 Convention Scrapbook
Box 18 Folder 4
Yiddish and English
1934-1950
Frieheit Cartoon Scrapbook
Box 18 Folder 5
Yiddish. October 1934 - June 1950
1920-1921
Oversized scrapbook-U.S.Trade with Russia 1/9/20-1/12/21
Box 18a Folder 1
Oversized scrapbook. 1/9/20-1/12/21
1910-1911
Oversized scrapbooks from I.L.G.W.U. Strike 1910-1911
Box 19 Folder 1
1931-1932
Daily News Report and Womens Wear Daily
Box 20 Folder 1
Oversized scrapbook-strike clips. 10/12/31-2/17/31, 10/12/31-2/17/32
1958-1960
Oversize scrapbook. Union label news clippings, 1958-60.
Box 20a Folder 1