ILGWU. San Francisco Joint Board records

Collection Number: 5780/065

Kheel Center for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives, Cornell University Library


DESCRIPTIVE SUMMARY

Title:
ILGWU. San Francisco Joint Board records, 1930-1969
Collection Number:
5780/065
Creator:
San Francisco Joint Board International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union
Quantity:
9 linear ft.
Forms of Material:
Correspondence, agreements.
Repository:
Kheel Center for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives, Cornell University Library
Abstract:
The records of the San Francisco Joint Board contain three parts: general correspondence, arranged in reverse chronological order (boxes 1-2); alphabetical files (boxes 2-10); and meeting minutes of the San Francisco Joint Board, and several local unions (boxes 11-18). Records documenting the Health and Welfare Fund found in box 6 contain extensive information on members of local unions, including length of membership to the ILGWU and employment history. [Note: SSNs are throughout these and other records documenting the Health and Welfare Fund.] The local unions with minutes contained in this subseries are: 8, 101, 191, 213, and 352. Minutes for locals 8, 101, 213, 214, 215 are also found in the records of the Pacific Northwest District Council.
Language:
Collection material in English


ILGWU ORGANIZATIONAL HISTORY

Founded in 1900 by local union delegates representing about 2,000 members in cities in the northeastern United States, the ILGWU grew in geographical scope, membership size, political influence to become one of the most powerful forces in American organized labor by mid-century. Representing workers in the women's garment industry, the ILGWU worked to improve working and living conditions of its members through collective bargaining agreements, training programs, health care facilities, cooperative housing, educational opportunities, and other efforts. In 1995, the ILGWU merged with the Amalgamated Clothing and Textile Workers Union (ACTWU) to form the Union of Needletrades, Industrial and Textile Employees (UNITE).

SAN FRANCISCO JOINT BOARD ORGANIZATIONAL HISTORY

A local of cloakmakers in San Francisco was around in the first decade of the ILGWU, but was disbanded in 1913. In May 1915, members of the former local joined with an independent union of ladies' tailors to revive Local 8. The thirteen week strike of San Francisco cloakmakers in 1923 basically decimated Local 8. Brother L. Gold of Los Angeles was placed in charge of the San Francisco market and new members were organized during the next few years, but by 1928, Local 8 Cloakmakers were practically out of existence again as Communists had "captured" the organization. In 1929, those that had remained loyal to the ILGWU kept the struggling Local 8 alive. The San Francisco cloak trade at that time was small, with a few hundred cloakmakers. Local 8 was soon joined in the 1930s by new charters Dressmakers Local 101, Knitgood Workers Local 191, and Cutters Local 213. With the creation of Local 101 in 1933, Jennie Matyas came to San Francisco to help organize the dressmakers and would later serve as the education director of the San Francisco Joint Board. In the 1940s, San Francisco had a sizable dress market with two locals, 101 and 352 (General Garment Workers' Union). During this time, Henry Zacharin served as manager of the Joint Board. While smaller in scale than Los Angeles, the San Francisco garment industry was 100 percent unionized, and by 1947, the Joint Board was composed of Locals 8, 101, 213, and 352.
Garment workers in San Francisco received a 35 hour work week with the new sportswear agreement in 1953. By the mid-1950s (1956), the Joint Board was now managed by Ralph King, and the locals were signing contracts with Chinatown contractors. King served as manager until the 1960s (1962), when Cornelius Wall took over leadership of the San Francisco Joint Board. In 1967, the ILGWU and the labor movement in San Francisco joined efforts to unionize Chinatown. The 1970s (1971), saw the name of Pacific Coast Region change to Western States Region, and Mattie Jackson became manager of the Joint Board. Jackson was previously a business agent at the Koret of California shop. Complicated conditions continued to thwart organizing efforts in Chinatown, though by the mid- 1970s, in roads were being made in the shops. By 1977, Asian immigrants constituted the bulk of the non-union workforce in San Francisco. In 1980, the San Francisco Joint Board was merged into the Pacific Northwest District Council that was managed by Mattie Jackson.

COLLECTION DESCRIPTION

Much of the correspondence for the San Francisco Joint Board is arranged chronologically by year. There is correspondence with numerous local and national organizations that the Joint Board contributed both funds and support. One organization in particular was City of Hope, in the northwest region of San Francisco. The Board sponsored a yearly Bay Area Fair in which the proceeds benefited City of Hope, and the records include meeting minutes and documents from the ILGWU City of Hope Auxiliary. There is also industry information including correspondence with contractors and manufacturers, as well as agreements with Bay Area firms. Manufacturer associations like the Associated Cloak and Suit Manufacturers, Silk and Wool Dress Manufacturers' Association, San Francisco Coat and Suit Association are represented in the records.
The collection focuses on the administrative responsibilities of the Joint Board, such as the Health and Welfare and national retirement fund, with material such as benefits and claims. The minutes of the San Francisco Joint Board meetings include roll call lists, and the later meeting minutes are inserted into forms. There are also minutes of locals that comprised the Joint Board; Local 8 Cloakmakers including both executive board and membership meetings; Local 101 Dressmakers both executive board and membership meetings, roll call, officer nominations; Local 213 Cutters; and Local 352 General Garment Workers.
A second component of the collection consists of labeled subject files. These contain member information sheets of the union health and welfare funds with individual, local, when they joined the union, listing of shops worked at with years, and are arranged alphabetically.
SUBJECTS

Names:
International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union.
International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union. -- San Francisco Joint Board.

Subjects:
Women's clothing industry -- United States.
Women's clothing industry -- California.
Labor unions -- Clothing workers -- United States.
Labor unions -- Clothing workers -- California.
Clothing workers -- United States.
Clothing workers -- California.
Industrial relations -- United States.
Industrial relations -- California.

Form and Genre Terms:
Correspondence.
Agreements.


INFORMATION FOR USERS

Access Restrictions:
Access to the collections in the Kheel Center is restricted. Please contact a reference archivist for access to these materials.
Restrictions on Use:
This collection must be used in keeping with the Kheel Center Information Sheet and Procedures for Document Use.
Cite As:
ILGWU. San Francisco Joint Board records #5780/065. Kheel Center for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives, Cornell University Library.

RELATED MATERIALS

Related Collections:
5780: ILGWU records
5780/115: ILGWU. Western States Region records
5780/207: ILGWU. Pacific Northwest District Council records
5780/207 AV: ILGWU. Pacific Northwest District Council audio-visual materials
5780/207 P: ILGWU. Pacific Northwest District Council photographs

CONTAINER LIST

Container
Description
Date
Box 1 Folder 1 1967
Box 1 Folder 2 1966
Box 1 Folder 3 1965
Box 1 Folder 4 1964
Box 1 Folder 5 1962-1963
Box 1 Folder 6 1957-1961
Box 1 Folder 7 1955
Box 1 Folder 8 1954
Box 1 Folder 9a 1953
Box 1 Folder 9b 1953
Box 2 Folder 1 1951-1952
Box 2 Folder 2 1949-1950
Box 2 Folder 3 1944-1948
Box 2 Folder 4 1938-1943
Box 2 Folder 5 1936-1937
Box 2 Folder 6 1933-1935
Incl. Local 8 corres.
Box 2 Folder 7 1930-1932
Box 2 Folder 8 1951
Box 2 Folder 9 1952
Box 2 Folder 10 1949-1965
Box 2 Folder 11 1957-1965
Box 2 Folder 12 1937-1941
Local 8, 1937-40; Local 101, 1939-41.
Box 3 Folder 1 1939-1946
Box 3 Folder 2 1961-1963
Box 3 Folder 3 1954-1965
Box 3 Folder 4 1954-1965
Box 3 Folder 5 1954-1965
Box 3 Folder 6 1937
Box 3 Folder 7 1967-1968
Box 3 Folder 8 1967-1968
Box 3 Folder 9 1965-1967
Box 3 Folder 10 1953-1956
Box 3 Folder 11 1930-1949
Box 3 Folder 12 1930-1955
Box 3 Folder 13 1965
Box 4 Folder 1 1962-1965
Box 4 Folder 2 1955-1963
Box 4 Folder 3 1954
Box 4 Folder 4 1955-1967
Box 4 Folder 5 1957
Box 4 Folder 6 1957-1962
Box 4 Folder 7 1957-1962
Box 4 Folder 8 1957-1964
Box 4 Folder 9 1956-1960
Box 4 Folder 10 1956-1966
Box 4 Folder 11 1969
Box 4 Folder 12 1949-1950
Box 4 Folder 13 1934
Box 4 Folder 14 1963-1967
Box 4 Folder 15 1964-1968
Box 4 Folder 16 1964-1968
Box 4 Folder 17 1960-1963
Box 5 Folder 1 1944-1959
Box 5 Folder 2 1944-1959
Box 5 Folder 3 1944-1959
Box 5 Folder 4 1949-1957
Box 5 Folder 5 1948-1956
Box 5 Folder 6 1949-1956
Box 5 Folder 7 1947-1956
Box 5 Folder 8 1948-1955
Box 5 Folder 9 1956
Box 5 Folder 10 1951-1956
Box 5 Folder 11 1949-1956
Box 6 Folder 1
Box 6 Folder 2
Box 6 Folder 3
Box 6 Folder 4
Box 6 Folder 5
Box 6 Folder 6
Box 6 Folder 7
Box 6 Folder 8
Box 6 Folder 9
Box 6 Folder 10
Box 6 Folder 11
Box 6 Folder 12
Box 6 Folder 13
Box 6 Folder 14
Box 6 Folder 15
Box 6 Folder 16
Box 7 Folder 1 1950-1953
Box 7 Folder 2 1950-1953
Box 7 Folder 3 1950-1953
Box 7 Folder 4 1945-1952
Box 7 Folder 5 1951-1952
Box 7 Folder 6 1937-1950
Box 7 Folder 7 1959-1966
Box 7 Folder 8 1960-1963
Box 7 Folder 9 1950-1952
Box 7 Folder 10 1939-1944
Box 7 Folder 11 1947-1952
Box 8 Folder 1 1966
Box 8 Folder 2 1949-1950
Box 8 Folder 3 1949-1951
Box 8 Folder 4 1938-1942
Box 8 Folder 5 1953-1960
Box 8 Folder 6 1937-1952
Box 8 Folder 7 1938-1950
Box 8 Folder 8 1938-1950
Box 8 Folder 9 1948-1958
Box 8 Folder 10 1949-1965
Box 8 Folder 11 1942-1965
Box 8 Folder 12 1956-1966
Box 9 Folder 1 1951-1956
Box 9 Folder 2 1948-1950
Box 9 Folder 3 1934-1947
Box 9 Folder 4 1965-1966
Box 9 Folder 5 1948-1951
Box 9 Folder 6 1964-1965
Box 9 Folder 7 1964-1965
Box 9 Folder 8 1960-1963
Box 9 Folder 9 1960-1963
Box 9 Folder 10 1954-1959
Box 9 Folder 11 1954-1959
Box 9 Folder 12 1964-1965
Box 10 Folder 1 1943-1964
Box 10 Folder 2 1943-1964
Box 10 Folder 3 1947-1964
Box 10 Folder 4 1962-1965
Box 10 Folder 5 1962-1965
Box 10 Folder 6 1956-1965
Box 10 Folder 7 1961-1965
Box 10 Folder 8 1947-1952
Box 10 Folder 9 1945-1951
Box 10 Folder 10 1959-1965
Box 10 Folder 11 1947-1953
Box 10 Folder 12 1944-1946
Box 10 Folder 13 1943-1945
Box 11 Folder 1 1941-1942
Box 11 Folder 2 1943-1944
Box 11 Folder 3 1945-1946
Box 11 Folder 4 1947-1948
Box 11 Folder 5 1949-1950
Box 11 Folder 6 1951-1953
Box 11 Folder 7 1954-1955
Box 11 Folder 8 1956-1957
Box 11 Folder 9 1958
Box 11 Folder 10 1959
Box 12 Folder 1 1960
Box 12 Folder 2 1961-1962
Box 12 Folder 3 1963-1964
Box 12 Folder 4 1965
Box 12 Folder 5 1966
Box 12 Folder 6 1967
Box 12 Folder 7 1968
Box 12 Folder 8 1969
Box 12 Folder 9 1951
Box 12 Folder 10 1954-1961
Box 12 Folder 11 1938
Box 13 Folder 1 1934
January 29, 1934-October 17, 1934
Box 13 Folder 2 1934-1935
October 22, 1934-May 29, 1935.
Box 13 Folder 3 1935-1936
June 5, 1935-May 25, 1936.
Box 13 Folder 4 1936
June 1, 1936-December 18, 1936
Box 13 Folder 5 1937
Box 13 Folder 6 1938
Box 13 Folder 7 1939-1940
Box 13 Folder 8 1941-1942
Box 13 Folder 9 1943-1944
Box 13 Folder 10 1945-1946
Box 13 Folder 11 1947-1948
Box 14 Folder 1 1949-1950
Box 14 Folder 2 1951
Box 14 Folder 3 1952-1953
Box 14 Folder 4 1954-1955
Box 14 Folder 5 1956-1957
Box 14 Folder 6 1958
Box 14 Folder 7 1959
Box 14 Folder 8 1960-1961
Box 14 Folder 9 1962-1963
Box 14 Folder 10 1964-1965
Box 15 Folder 1 1966
Box 15 Folder 2 1967
Box 15 Folder 3 1968
Box 15 Folder 4 1969
Box 15 Folder 5 1935
Box 15 Folder 6 1936
Box 15 Folder 7 1937
Box 15 Folder 8 1936-1937
Box 15 Folder 9 1938
Box 15 Folder 10 1939
Box 15 Folder 11 1940
Box 15 Folder 12 1941-1942
Box 15 Folder 13 1943-1944
Box 15 Folder 14 1945-1946
Box 15 Folder 15 1947-1948
Box 16 Folder 1 1949-1950
Box 16 Folder 2 1951-1952
Box 16 Folder 3 1953-1954
Box 16 Folder 4 1955-1956
Box 16 Folder 5 1957-1958
Box 16 Folder 6 1959
Box 16 Folder 7 1960-1961
Box 16 Folder 8 1962-1965
Box 16 Folder 9 1966-1967
Box 16 Folder 10 1968
Box 16 Folder 11 1969
Box 17 Folder 1 1967-1969
Box 17 Folder 2 1942-1947
Box 17 Folder 3 1935-1956
Box 17 Folder 4 1938-1939
Box 17 Folder 5 1940-1941
Box 17 Folder 6 1942-1944
Box 17 Folder 7 1945-1946
Box 17 Folder 8 1947
Box 17 Folder 9 1952-1956
Box 17 Folder 10 1957
Box 17 Folder 11 1958
Box 17 Folder 12 1959
Box 18 Folder 1 1960-1961
Box 18 Folder 2 1962-1963
Box 18 Folder 3 1964-1965
Box 18 Folder 4 1966-1969
Box 18 Folder 5 1957-1961
Includes related correspondence.
Box 18 Folder 6 1954-1957
Box 18 Folder 7 1939-1941
Organization unknown.