ILGWU. Local 62 correspondence

Collection Number: 5780/022

Kheel Center for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives, Cornell University Library


DESCRIPTIVE SUMMARY

Title:
ILGWU. Local 62 correspondence, 1913-1980
Collection Number:
5780/022
Creator:
Local 62 International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union (ILGWU)
Quantity:
9 linear ft.
Forms of Material:
Correspondence, articles, reports, photographs.
Repository:
Kheel Center for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives, Cornell University Library
Abstract:
The Local 62 correspondence consists primarily of letters of Samuel Shore and Louis Stulberg, the managers of the Local during much of the period. There are also articles, photographs, reports, and other materials in the collection. These items primarily document the activities and concerns of the Local's leadership from the depression years through the 1960s.
Language:
Collection material in English


ILGWU ORGANIZATIONAL HISTORY

Founded in 1900 by local union delegates representing about 2,000 members in cities in the northeastern United States, the ILGWU grew in geographical scope, membership size, political influence to become one of the most powerful forces in American organized labor by mid-century. Representing workers in the women's garment industry, the ILGWU worked to improve working and living conditions of its members through collective bargaining agreements, training programs, health care facilities, cooperative housing, educational opportunities, and other efforts. In 1995, the ILGWU merged with the Amalgamated Clothing and Textile Workers Union (ACTWU) to form the Union of Needletrades, Industrial and Textile Employees (UNITE).

LOCAL 62 ORGANIZATIONAL HISTORY

The White Goods Workers' Union Local 62, also known as the Underwear and White Goods Workers Union, was chartered in 1909, but was not fully organized until 1913. Rose Schneiderman and the Women's Trade Union League assisted with the early organizing efforts of the White Goods Workers. These workers consisted mainly of young immigrant girls. Early leaders of the local included Samuel Shore. On March 1913, 15,000 workers went on strike against the sweatshop conditions. A six week strike ensued in which many of the girls on the picket lines were attacked and arrested. Gains won included a 54 hour week, no Sunday, sanitary conditions and an 18 cent an hour minimum wage. This strike made the local.
The local and its workers were originally called white goods workers as they manufactured camisoles, chemises, cambric drawers with lace ruffles and drawstrings, and corset covers. Through the years, styles changed and production shifted to panties and slips. In the 1960s, the local became the Undergarment and Negligee Workers' Union Local 62.

COLLECTION DESCRIPTION

The Local 62 correspondence consists primarily of letters of Samuel Shore and Louis Stulberg, the managers of the Local during much of the period. These items primarily document the activities and concerns of the Local's leadership from the depression years through the 1960s. The bulk of the material deals with Local administrative matters, benefits, garment manufacturers, other ILGWU departments and locals, political activity (at both the national and local level), relations with other unions, union organizing, wages, and working conditions in the shops. It is mostly restricted to New York City. In addition, there is some personal correspondence of both Shore and Stulberg.
The first series contains the correspondence of Samuel Shore, manager of Local 62. Topics discussed include parade and demonstration fliers, calls for local elections and polling place locations, final decisions of cases that went to arbitration with the Impartial Chairman, and correspondence with various ILGWU Departments (Education, Health and Welfare), presidents office (David Dubinsky), and Joint Boards and District Councils and Locals. Mixed in are meeting minutes for committees. There are also records documenting the social causes the local was involved with, particularly the children "adopted" by the local in Europe in which they supported and sent money as well as exchanging letters with the children. Information on individual shops can be found in the reports from the Business Agents in which they report on cases, disputes, and conditions. Reports are identified by Business Agent. Historical information can be found in the articles and speeches of Shore. There are photographs of the Local 62 outing to Unity House.
The second series contains the correspondence of Louis Stulberg, who became manager of Local 62 in 1947. Though, much of his correspondence and work as manager can be found in the first series though. Correspondence occurs with organizations and associations, departments (Education, Auditing, Health and Welfare, Legal, Research, Management Engineering, Union Label ), and includes administrative information (dues, finances, elections). There is much correspondence with firms, and the files are identified by shop name, these often include agreements, arbitration cases. Some of the material contained in the files are from when Stulberg was no longer with the local.
The third series consists of files from Gerel Rubien, who was the Education Director. Of particular importance is the collection of "Our Union" newsletters and scrapbooks that contain clippings on the garment industry, and more particularly the lingerie and negligee industry and white goods, some from as early as the 1913 strike, as well as the 1933 strike, early agreements, a photograph from 1921, and a collection of speeches.
Individual correspondents represented in the collection include: David Dubinsky; Jacob Javits; Elias Lieberman; Eleanor Roosevelt; Franklin D. Roosevelt; Rose Schneiderman; Matthew Schoenwald; and Norman Thomas. Organizations include: the AFL-CIO; the American Labor Party; Histadrut; the Jewish Daily Forward; the Jewish Labor Committee; the Liberal Party of New York; the Negro Labor Committee; the National Recovery Administration; the Rand School of Social Research; and the Socialist Party.
SUBJECTS

Names:
International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union.
Dubinsky, David, 1892-1982.
Javits, Jacob K.(Jacob Koppel), 1904-1986.
Lieberman, Elias, b. 1888-
Roosevelt, Eleanor, 1884-1962.
Roosevelt, Franklin D. (Franklin Delano), 1882-1945.
Schneiderman, Rose, 1882-1972.
Schoenwald, Matthew.
Shore, Samuel.
Shore, Samuel.
Stulberg, Louis, 1901-1977.
Stulberg, Louis, 1901-1977.
Thomas, Norman, 1884-1968.
AFL-CIO.
American Labor Party.
Histadrut ha-kelalit shel ha-'ovdim be-Erets-Yisra'el.
Jewish Labor Committee (U.S.)
Liberal Party of New York State.
Negro Labor Committee.
Rand School of Social Science.
United States. National Recovery Administration.

Subjects:
Forv?ert?s (New York, N.Y.)
Labor unions--Officials and employees.
Lingerie industry--New York (State)--New York.
Lingerie industry--Employees--New York (State)--New York.
Labor union locals.
Wages--Underwear industry--New York (State)--New York.
Women's clothing industry--New York (State)--New York.
Work environment--New York (State)--New York.

Geographic Subjects:
New York (State)--Politics and government--20th century.
United States--Politics and government--20th century.

Form and Genre Terms:
Articles
Correspondence
Reports
Photographs


INFORMATION FOR USERS

Access Restrictions:
Access to the collections in the Kheel Center is restricted. Please contact a reference archivist for access to these materials.
Restrictions on Use:
This collection must be used in keeping with the Kheel Center Information Sheet and Procedures for Document Use.
Cite As:
ILGWU. Local 62 correspondence #5780/022. Kheel Center for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives, Cornell University Library.

RELATED MATERIALS

Related Collections:
5780: ILGWU records
5780/021: ILGWU. Local 62 records
5780/074: ILGWU. Mary Goff Schuster papers
5780/079: ILGWU. Local 62. Managers' correspondence
5780/089: ILGWU. Local 62-32 agreements
SERIES LIST

Series I: Samuel Shore correspondence, 1930-1946.
Series II: Louis Stulberg correspondence, 1947-1956.
Series III: Gerol Rubien files, 1921-1976

CONTAINER LIST

Container
Description
Date
Box 1 Folder 1 1944-1953
Box 1 Folder 2 1931-1937
Box 1 Folder 3 1936-1944
Box 1 Folder 4 1943-1953
Box 1 Folder 5 1935-1949
Box 1 Folder 6 1930-1953
Incl. other locals.
Box 1 Folder 7 1937-1953
Box 1 Folder 8 1951-1952
Incl. minutes of meetings.
Box 1 Folder 9 1936
Report on activities.
Box 1 Folder 10 1937-1947
Incl. minutes of election & Objection Committee, March 1937.
Box 1 Folder 11 1952-1953
Box 1 Folder 12 1942-1949
Box 1 Folder 13 1941-1955
Box 1 Folder 14 1936-1948
Box 1 Folder 15 1941-1952
Box 1 Folder 16 1946-1953
Box 1 Folder 17 1945-1947
Box 1 Folder 18-19 1935-1952
Incl. decisions by George J. Mintzer.
Box 1 Folder 20 1945-1953
Box 2 Folder 1 1935-1955
Corres. w. David Dubinsky.
Box 2 Folder 2 1934-1953
Box 2 Folder 3 1948-1953
Box 2 Folder 4 1947-1952
Box 2 Folder 5 1935-1953
Incl. Local greetings & articles.
Box 2 Folder 6 1944-1953
Box 2 Folder 7 1952-1956
Incl. corres. w. John S. Martin & E. T. Kehrer.
Box 2 Folder 8 1936-1951
Incl. Los Angeles Cloak Jt. Bd.
Box 2 Folder 9 1937
Box 2 Folder 10 1935-1953
Box 2 Folder 11 1944-1950
(see also Jewish Daily Forward)
Box 2 Folder 12 1935-1937
Box 2 Folder 13 1952
Box 3 Folder 1 1944-1955
Box 3 Folder 2 1940-1955
Incl. cases.
Box 3 Folder 3 1936-1952
Box 3 Folder 4 1935-1952
Box 3 Folder 5 1927
Box 3 Folder 6 1935-1948
Box 3 Folder 7 1932-1952
Incl. Negro Labor Committee.
Box 3 Folder 8 1934-1935
Aug. 1934-July 1935. Corres., minutes of Code Authority for Undergarment & Negligee Industry.
Box 3 Folder 9 1934
Jan.-July
Box 3 Folder 10 1936-1946
Box 3 Folder 11 1939-1948
Corres. bet. Stulberg & "adopted" European war orphans.
Box 4 Folder 1-2 1949
Box 4 Folder 3 1950
Box 4 Folder 4a-4b 1951-1952
Incl. corres. w. Jewish Labor Comm.
Box 4 Folder 5 1935-1944
Box 4 Folder 6 1944
Reports on Local activities.
Box 4 Folder 7 1940-1948
Box 4 Folder 8 1935
Box 4 Folder 9 1934-1947
Box 4 Folder 10 1936-1944
Box 4 Folder 11 1935-1961
Box 4 Folder 12 1935
Box 5 Folder 1 1936
May-Dec.
Box 5 Folder 2 1936-1938
Jan. 1936-April 1938
Box 5 Folder 3 1940
June-Nov.
Box 5 Folder 4 1940
Jan-May
Box 5 Folder 5 1941
June-Nov.
Box 5 Folder 6 1941
Jan.-May
Box 6 Folder 1 1943
Box 6 Folder 2 1945-1946
Box 6 Folder 3 1950
Box 6 Folder 4 1940-1955
Box 6 Folder 5 1941-1942
Box 6 Folder 6 1934-1943
Box 6 Folder 7 1939-1952
Box 6 Folder 8 1935-1955
Box 6 Folder 9 1943-1945
Box 6 Folder 10 1947
Incl. Stulberg Speech.
Box 6 Folder 11 1930-1949
Articles, speeches & notes.
Box 7 Folder 1 1944-1946
Personal matters.
Box 7 Folder 2 1937-1946
Incl. constitutions, by-laws.
Box 7 Folder 3 1934-1952
Box 7 Folder 4 1948-1952
Articles & speeches.
Box 7 Folder 5 1947-1955
Personal.
Box 7 Folder 6 1934-1939
Box 7 Folder 7 1944-1945
Box 7 Folder 8 1934-1951
Incl. corres., reports, minutes of Lingerie Mfrs. Assoc. & Negligee Mfrs. Assoc.
Box 7 Folder 9 1941-1944
Box 7 Folder 10 1940-1944
Box 7 Folder 11 1934-1953
Box 7 Folder 12 1949
Outing photographs.
Box 7 Folder 13 1945-1946
Corres. w. members' (Mabel Durham) schooling at Harvard Univ.
Box 7 Folder 14 1942-1947
Rules & regulations, reports.
Box 7 Folder 15 1941-1955
Box 7 Folder 16 1943-1944
Box 7 Folder 17 1944
Box 7 Folder 18 1943
Box 8 Folder 1 1933-1934
Incl. joint meetings of the Educational Committee and the Advisory Board.
Box 8 Folder 2 1961
Corres. w. Maida Springer, Representative, International Affairs Dept. re ILGWU involvement in African garment workers' trainee program.
Box 8 Folder 3 1950
Box 8 Folder 4 1957-1961
Complaints from ILGWU workers to Association.
Box 8 Folder 5 1933
List of settled shops. Incl. approximate number of workers, names of shop chairladies & assistant chairladies.
Box 8 Folder 6 1934
Box 8 Folder 7 1954-1962
Box 8 Folder 8 1947-1961
Louis Stulberg birthdays and chairladies luncheon.
Box 8 Folder 9 1957-1963
Box 8 Folder 10 1961
Corres. re workers' complaints.
Box 8 Folder 11 1922
Report of meeting in the matter of the resignation and dismissal of William Davis, former manager of Local 62, November 2, 1922.
Box 8 Folder 12 1954-1960
Greetings.
Box 8 Folder 13 1959-1960
Box 8 Folder 14 1933-1958
Incl. corres. re arrears, 1933-34; analysis of dues and incoming members, 1956-58.
Box 8 Folder 15 1933-1964
Corres. and notices, questionnaires, program for winter 1933.
Box 8 Folder 16 1913-1953
Incl. sample ballots, lists of candidates, election tallies, reports of election-objection committee.
Box 8 Folder 17 1930-1968
Box 8 Folder 18 1934-1963
Box 8 Folder 19 1959-1962
Box 8 Folder 20 1960
Corres. re breakdown of fire warden program.
Box 8 Folder 21 1963
Box 8 Folder 22 1957-1961
Box 8 Folder 23 1957-1961
Box 8 Folder 24 1960
Box 8 Folder 25 1964
Box 8 Folder 26 1963
Box 8 Folder 27 1959-1960
Box 8 Folder 28 1934
Box 8 Folder 29 1934
Corres. w. Donald Pratt, City Editor, Women's Wear Daily.
Box 8 Folder 30 1934-1963
Incl Management Engineering Dept reports on Rhine Undergarment Co & Tri J & S Co
Box 8 Folder 31 1958
Box 8 Folder 32 1954-1957
Box 9 Folder 1 1957-1960
Incl. report on meetings with El Diario staff re complaints received by newspaper from ILGWU members.
Box 9 Folder 2 1954
Box 9 Folder 3 1956-1957
Box 9 Folder 4 1960-1961
Box 9 Folder 5 1957
Box 9 Folder 6 1958-1963
Box 9 Folder 7 1959
Box 9 Folder 8 1957-1958
Box 9 Folder 9 1959
Box 9 Folder 10 1960
Box 9 Folder 11 1954
Box 9 Folder 12 1957-1963
Box 9 Folder 13 1954
Corres. re work sent to non-union contractor (Newport Mfg. Co.).
Box 9 Folder 14 1961
Box 9 Folder 15 1961
Box 9 Folder 16 1934
Letters re Emma Goldman reception meeting.
Box 9 Folder 17 1954-1955
Louis Stulberg reports on Local 62 and on underwear and negligee industry.
Box 9 Folder 18 1948-1962
Incl. By-Laws, Rules and Regulations of the Undergarment and Negligee Workers' Union, Local 62, and minutes, Health and Welfare Benefits Committee meetings, 195
Box 9 Folder 19 1957-1962
Box 9 Folder 20 1962
Box 9 Folder 21 1962
Box 9 Folder 22 1957-1960
Box 9 Folder 23-24 1954-1961
Corres. w. David Dubinsky.
Box 9 Folder 25 1956-1958
Incl. worker's complaint.
Box 9 Folder 26 1959-1962
Box 9 Folder 27 1934-1954
Box 9 Folder 28 1954-1962
Box 9 Folder 29 1956-1965
Incl. 1962 resolutions submitted by Loca 62.
Box 9 Folder 30-31 1954-1957
Box 9 Folder 32 1960-1962
Box 9 Folder 33 1933-1960
Box 10 Folder 1 1956-1961
Box 10 Folder 2 1958
Box 10 Folder 3-4 1959-1962
Corres. w. Local 89 & Local 600 (Puerto Rico).
Box 10 Folder 5 1954-1959
Box 10 Folder 6 1954-1962
Box 10 Folder 7 1955-1962
Box 10 Folder 8-9 1956-1961
Box 10 Folder 10 1957-1962
Box 10 Folder 11 1958-1961
Box 10 Folder 12 1956-1961
Box 10 Folder 13 1960
Box 10 Folder 14 1934
Box 10 Folder 15 1954
Contains congratulatory telegrams.
Box 10 Folder 16 1943-1945
Contains corres. re tax of vacation fund payments.
Box 10 Folder 17 1961-1963
Box 10 Folder 18 1954-1962
Box 10 Folder 19 1954-1962
Incl. corres. re (World War II) children "adopted" by Local 62.
Box 10 Folder 20 1934-1962
Box 10 Folder 21 1934
Box 10 Folder 22 1960
Dispute between Local 62, ILGWU and Local 238, International Union of Doll and Toy Workers. Incl. corres. between David Dubinsky and Wm. F. Schnitzler, Secretary-Treasurer, AFL-CIO.
Box 10 Folder 23 1960-1961
Box 10 Folder 24 1934
Corres. re wage claims by members against firms.
Box 11 Folder 1 1954-1961
Box 11 Folder 2 1934-1958
Incl. dues information for 1956-58.
Box 11 Folder 3 1956-1963
Incl. agendas, resolutions, reports, installation of officers meeting.
Box 11 Folder 4 1934-1962
Box 11 Folder 5 1957-1962
Incl. corres. and pictures of Histadrut Cultural Club in Moshava Kineret and Histadrut Centre in Beersheeba erected through Local 62 donations.
Box 11 Folder 6-7 1954-1961
Box 11 Folder 8 1956-1962
Box 11 Folder 9 1933-1934
Corres, re Undergarment Code and Undergarment arid Negligee Code Bulletin.
Box 11 Folder 10 1960
Box 11 Folder 11 1965
Box 11 Folder 12 1954-1958
Box 11 Folder 13 1954-1955
Box 11 Folder 14 1957-1960
Box 11 Folder 15 1960
Box 11 Folder 16 1954-1962
Box 11 Folder 17 1961
Corres. re members' complaints.
Box 11 Folder 18 1954-1959
Incl. corres. w. Eleanor Roosevelt.
Box 11 Folder 19 1954-1958
Incl. Rules and Regulations of the Local 62-Local 10 Retirement Benefits Fund.
Box 11 Folder 20 1960-1963
Box 11 Folder 21 1961-1962
Incl. Board of Trustees minutes, financial statements, report to Superintendent of Insurance, State of New York.
Box 11 Folder 22 1934-1959
Box 11 Folder 23 1954-1961
Box 11 Folder 24 1933
Box 11 Folder 25 1933-1963
Box 11 Folder 26 1962-1963
Box 12 Folder 1 1956-1962
Box 12 Folder 2 1959-1961
Incl. minutes of the Board of Trustees, Rules and Regulations of the Local 62-Local 10 Severance Benefits Fund
Box 12 Folder 3 1933-1960
Analyses of shops, 1954-60 and dues records, 1933- 34.
Box 12 Folder 4-5 1933-1962
Incl. corres., notices.
Box 12 Folder 6-15 1933
Box 13 Folder 1-15 1933-1934
Box 14 Folder 1 1934
Box 14 Folder 2 1933
Box 14 Folder 3 1953-1962
Incl. Norman Thomas letter, corres. w. Robert F. Wagner Jr. and w. United Hatters, Cap and Millinery Workers' International Union re loan from ILGWU.
Box 14 Folder 4 1946-1962
Box 14 Folder 5-6 1933-1963
Box 14 Folder 7 1958-1963
Box 14 Folder 7 1953-1954
Box 14 Folder 8-12 1921-1960
Incl. several agreements with individual firms.
Box 15 Folder 1-2 1960-1963
Box 15 Folder 3 1960
Box 15 Folder 4 1949-1959
Box 15 Folder 5 1960
Box 15 Folder 6 1955
Gerel Rubien, President.
Box 15 Folder 7 1955
Box 15 Folder 8 1933-1975
Donated by Gerel Rubien.
Box 15 Folder 9 1962-1963
Donated by Gerel Rubien.
Box 15 Folder 10 1966
Interview on medicare with oral history research office, Columbia University. Donated by Gerel Rubien.
Box 15 Folder 11 1961-1967
Incl. corres. re 1961 and 1963 trips to Florida. Donated by Gerel Rubien.
Box 15 Folder 12 1923-1943
Incl. corres., Local 62 1925 election results. Donated by Gerel Rubien.
Box 15 Folder 13-14 1965-1976
Donated by Gerel Rubien.
Box 15 Folder 15 1963-1968
Donated by Gerel Rubien.
Box 16 Folder 1 1933
Contains clippings on general strike
Box 16 Folder 2 1933-1934
Contains clippings
Box 16 Folder 3 1934-1935
Contains clippings
Box 16 Folder 4 1913-1939
Contains clippings
Box 16 Folder 5 1937-1939
Contains clippings
Box 16 Folder 6 1941
Conatins clippings on Samuel Shore
Box 16 Folder 7 1938-1968
Official publication of Local 62
Box 17 Folder 1 1922-1966
Box 17 Folder 2 1921-1929
Box 17 Folder 3 1929-1959
Box 17 Folder 4 1949-1968
Box 17 Folder 5 1924-1980
Box 17 Folder 6 1926-1967
Box 17 Folder 7 1938-1940
Minutes and decisions of the Sick Benefit and Relief Fund Committee
Box 17 Folder 8 1933-1949
Box 17 Folder 9 1921
Box 17 Folder 10 1934-1950
Box 17 Folder 11 1921-1949
Box 17 Folder 12 1976
February
Box 17 Folder 13 1922-1958
Delivered by Mary Goff Schuster and Samuel Shore
Box 17 Folder 14 1938-1939
Radio talks by Samuel Shore
Box 17 Folder 15 1942-1943