Guide to the Retail, Wholesale, Department Store Employees. National Union Of Hospital And Health Care Employees. Local 1199. Oral History Project.

Collection Number: 5680 OH

Kheel Center for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives
Cornell University Library

Contact Information:
Kheel Center for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives
Martin P. Catherwood Library
227 Ives Hall
Cornell University
Ithaca, NY 14853
(607) 255-3183
kheel_center@cornell.edu
http://www.ilr.cornell.edu/library/kheel
Compiled by:
Kheel Staff
Date completed:
February 07, 2013
EAD encoding:
Kheel Staff, February 2013

© 2013 Kheel Center for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives, Cornell University Library


DESCRIPTIVE SUMMARY

Title:
Retail, Wholesale, Department Store Employees. National Union of Hospital and Health Care Employees. Local 1199. Oral History Project.
Collection Number:
5680 OH
Creator:
Leon Fink Brian Greenberg
Quantity:
24.2 linear feet
Forms of Material:
Correspondence, reports, audio cassettes, audio open reel tapes, transcripts.
Repository:
Kheel Center for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives, Cornell University Library
Abstract:
The unedited oral history interviews of the National Union of Hospital and Health Care Employees discuss the evolution of the Retail, Wholesale and Department Store Union drugstore local (known as Local 1199 and District 1199), representing pharmacists and drug clerks in New York City, into an international union of professional and non-professional workers in voluntary and non-profit health institutions, including hospitals, clinics and nursing homes, as well as drug stores.
Language:
Collection material in English


Between 1933 and 1957, 1199 functioned as a drugstore local with its membership growing to 5,000 workers employed in independent and chain drugstores throughout the New York metropolitan area. With its success in organizing workers in Montefiore Hospital in New York City, the union began a massive campaign to organize workers in voluntary and non-profit hospitals in the New York area, a large proportion of whom were black or Hispanic. In 1973, the national union was established with locals in other states, including Pennsylvania, Maryland, South and North Carolina, Connecticut, New Jersey, and Massachusetts. The union combined organizing efforts with civil rights organizations, in an effort to achieve mutual political goals. Throughout the period discussed in these interviews, the union was led by Leon Davis (president, Local 1199 and the National Union) whose administration guided the union's political and social activities. The unedited oral history interviews of the National Union of Hospital and Health Care Employees discuss the evolution of the Retail, Wholesale and Department Store Union drugstore local, representing pharmacists and drug clerks in New York City (known as Local 1199 and District 1199) into an international union of non-professional and professional workers in voluntary and non-profit health institutions, including hospitals, clinics and nursing homes, as well as drugstores.

COLLECTION DESCRIPTION

The unedited oral history interviews of the National Union of Hospital and Health Care Employees discuss the evolution of the Retail, Wholesale and Department Store Union drugstore local (known as Local 1199 and District 1199), representing pharmacists and drug clerks in New York City, into an international union of professional and non-professional workers in voluntary and non-profit health institutions, including hospitals, clinics and nursing homes, as well as drug stores.
Interviews with union leaders, delegates, and members include Ernestine Bowen, Thelma Bowles, Grace Glassberg, Nellie Morris, Mildren Reeves, Mary Riley, Betty Rosoff, Doris Turner, Kay Tillow, Sarah Goldstein, Diane Bianculli, Hilda Joquin, Ida Cameron, and other women and men. Consists of one hundred and fifty hours (eighty-three transcriptions) of interviews relating to the National Union of Hospital and Health Care Employees. These interviews were begun in 1975 as a pilot study funded by the union and initially focused on the development of work-related conflict and union organization in Montefiore Hospital, Bronx, New York. The investigators, Brian Greenberg and Leon Fink, later extended their analysis of Montefiore to cover the major events that occurred in the development of 1199 through 1973. The respondents in this collection of interviews include officers and staff of 1199; rank and file membership; delegates and organizers; individuals involved with the Charleston, South Carolina hospital strike (1969); administrators of various New York City hospitals; and prominent labor, civil rights and health care industry figures.

SUBJECTS

Names:
Balancia, Charles
Bianculli, Diane
Bowen, Ernestine
Bowles, Thelma
Broomer, Sy
Brown, Joseph
Bryant, Jim
Burgess, Clifton
Cameron, Ida
Cherkasky, Martin
Cooper, Gouvenir
Cordero, Salvador
Cosby, Cassie
Cruz, Emerito
Danielli, Andrew
David, Aberdeen
Davis, Leon
DeMarco, Edward
Downs, Ken
Dubin, Marshall
Epstein, Harry
Ferrara, Claude
Fitzpatrick, James
Foner, Moe, 1915-
Glassberg, Grace
Goffshagen, Irving
Goldstein, Sarah
Harrison, Mae
Hodara, Morris
Joaquin, Hilda
Kamenkowitz, Phil
Kay, Eddie
King, Telbert
Landsberg, Arthur
Malave, Ramon
Michaelson, Bill
Mitchell, Ted
Morris, Nellie
Muehlenhamp, Robert
Nicholas, henry
Olson, Jesse
Oritz, Arquilla
Reeves, Mildren
Riley, Mary, 1946-
Rosoff, Betty
Rustin, Bayard, 1912-1987
Schmuckler, Sam
Stern, Irving
Taylor, Doris
Tillow, Kay
Turner, Doris
VanArsdale, Harry
Weingarten, Victor
National Union of Hospital and Nursing Home Employees
Retail, Wholesale, and Department Store Union. Local 1199 Drug and Hospital Employees Union (New York, N.Y.)

Form and Genre Terms:
Oral histories.


INFORMATION FOR USERS

Access Restrictions:
Access to the collections in the Kheel Center is restricted. Please contact a reference archivist for access to these materials.
Restrictions on Use:
This collection must be used in keeping with the Kheel Center Information Sheet and Procedures for Document Use.
Cite As:
Retail, Wholesale, Department Store Employees. National Union of Hospital and Health Care Employees. Local 1199. Oral History Project. #5680 OH. Kheel Center for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives, Cornell University Library.

RELATED MATERIALS

Related collections:
5206: Retail, Wholesale, and Department Store Union. Local 1199 Drug and Hospital Employees Union
5510: Retail, Wholesale, and Department Store Union. Local 1199 Drug and Hospital Employees Union, (Hospital Division Records
5525: National Union of Hospital and Health Care Employees. Local 1199. Additional Files
5651: Retail, Wholesale, and Department Store Union. Local 1199 Drug and Hospital Employees Union, Additional Records

CONTAINER LIST

Description
Container
(Online container list not yet available.)