United States. National Recovery Administration. Division of Review. Printed documents,
1933-1936

Collection Number: 5391

Kheel Center for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives
Cornell University Library

Contact Information:
Kheel Center for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives
Martin P. Catherwood Library
227 Ives Hall
Cornell University
Ithaca, NY 14853
(607) 255-3183
kheel_center@cornell.edu
http://www.ilr.cornell.edu/library/kheel
Compiled by:
Kheel Center staff
EAD encoding:
Casey S. Westerman, 2006

© 2006 Kheel Center for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives, Cornell University Library


DESCRIPTIVE SUMMARY

Title:
United States. National Recovery Administration. Division of Review. Printed documents, 1933-1936.
Collection Number:
5391
Creator:
United States. National Recovery Administration. Division of Review.
Quantity:
4 linear feet.
Forms of Material:
Printed documents.
Repository:
Kheel Center for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives, Martin P. Catherwood Library, Cornell University.
Abstract:
Studies of the effect of NRA codes on various industries.
Language:
Collection material in English


ORGANIZATIONAL HISTORY

The National Recovery Administration, also known as the NRA, was the first of several agencies to be established under authority of the National Industrial Recovery Act (48 Stat. 195), approved on June 15, 1933. Headed by an Administrator for Industrial Recovery (Gen. Hugh S. Johnson) and subject to the general supervision at first of a Special Industrial Recovery Board (consisting of the Attorney General, the Secretaries of Agriculture, the Interior, Commerce and Labor the Director of the Budget, the Chairman of the Federal Trade Commission, and the Administrator for Industrial Recovery) and later of the National Emergency Council, the function of the NRA was to carry out the main provisions of title I of the Recovery Act. The program of the NRA had four main objectives: to spread work by reducing the number of hours; to increase consumer purchasing power by increasing total wage distribution; to stop trade practices that were similar to those already recognized as legally unfair and to limit the severity of competition without raising prices so drastically as to neutralize the increase in total wages; and to eliminate child labor.
As a means of attaining these objectives, the N.R.A. planned for the adoption of a series of codes of fair competition for the separate regulation of every important branch of trade and industry. During the period from July to October 1933 an intensive drive was made for signatures to the President's Reemployment Agreement and for popular support of its provisions.
An administrative staff was created in April 1934 to act in the name of the Administrator on all subjects assigned to it. This staff consisted of the Administrative Officer, the Review Officer (head of the Review Division, created in February 1943), a Special Assistant Administrator, an Assistant Administrator for Policy, the General Counsel (head of the Legal Division), the Economic Adviser (head of the Research and Planning division), a Publicity Adviser, and a Director of Enforcement.
On May 27, 1935, the United States Supreme Court handed down its decision in the Schechter case, invalidating all the codes and those portions of the Recovery Act upon which they were founded. In the light of this decision the NRA began at once to reduce its staff. A considerable part of its field, and headquarters personnel was retained to carry out such remnant functions as had escaped the interdict and such new duties as were assigned to the agency by Congress or the President.
A Senate Joint Resolution, approved June 14, 1935, extended title I of the Recovery Act until April 1,1935, expressly repealing, however, those parts of the original act that delegated power to the President to approve or prescribe codes of fair competition or that provided for the enforcement of such codes.
The National Recovery Administration was, of course, reorganized. The Agency was placed under an administrator and a few of the divisions continued, but on a diminished scale. Most of the remaining personnel were absorbed! by two large new divisions, the Division of Business Cooperation arid the Division of Review. The Division of Review was established to assemble, analyze, and report upon the statistical information and records of experience of the operations of the various trades and industries formerly subject to the codes of fair competition and to review the effects of the administration of Title I of the Recovery Act and the principles and policies put into effect under its authority.
The NRA was formally terminated on January 1, 1936, when. its Division of Review, Division of Business Cooperation, and Advisory Council were transferred to the Department of Commerce for liquidation by the following April 1. The Consumers' Division was transferred at the same time to the Department of Labor.
On April 1, 1936, the President appointed a Committee of Industrial Analysis, composed of the Secretary of Commerce as Chairman, the Secretary of Agriculture, the Secretary of Labor, and. four additional members from outside the Government to complete the work begun by the Division of Review end to "prepare for the President an adequate and final review of the effects of the administration of title I of the national Industrial Recovery Act." To assist this Committee, a Division of Industrial Economics was created in the Commerce Department. The Committee and its adjunct Division brought their work to a close in February 1937.

COLLECTION DESCRIPTION

Studies of the effect of NRA codes on various industries.

SUBJECTS

Names:
United States. National Recovery Administration. Division of Review.

Subjects:
Administrative agencies--United States--Rules and practice.

Form and Genre Terms:
Printed documents.


INFORMATION FOR USERS

Access Restrictions:
Access to the collections in the Kheel Center is restricted. Please contact a reference archivist for access to these materials.
Restrictions on Use:
This collection must be used in keeping with the Kheel Center Information Sheet and Procedures for Document Use.
Cite As:
United States. National Recovery Administration. Division of Review. Printed documents, 1933-1936. 5391. Kheel Center for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives, Martin P. Catherwood Library, Cornell University.

COLLECTION ARRANGEMENT

Materials arranged by subject.

CONTAINER LIST

Description
Container
Industry Studies:
Bituminous Coal Industry under Free Competition and Code Regulation, Economic Survey of
Fertilizer Industry
Fishery Industry and the Fishery Codes
Forest Products Industries, Foreign Trade Study of the
Men's Clothing Industry, The
Motion Picture Industry, The
National labor Income by Months, 1929-35
Production, Prices, Employment and Payrolls in Industry, Agriculture and Railway Transportation, January 1923 to date.
Textile Industry in the United Kingdom, France, Germany, Italy, and Japan
Women's Neckwear and Scarf Industry, Financial and Labor Data on
Women's Apparel Industry, Some Aspects of the
Trade Practice Studies:
Commodities, Information Concerning: At Study of NRA and Related Experiences in Control
Design Piracy: The Problem and Its Treatment Under NRA Codes.
Geographical Price Relations Under Codes of Fair Competition, Control of
Minimum Price Regulation Under Codes of Fair Competition
Multiple Basing Point System in the Line Industry: Operation of the
Price Control in the Coffee Industry
Price Filing Under NRA Codes
Resale Price Maintenance Legislation in the United States
Retail Price Cutting, Restriction of, with special Emphasis on the Drug Industry.
Trade Practice Rules of the Federal Trade Commission (1914-1936): A classification for comparison with Trade Practice Provisions of NRA Codes.
Labor Studies:
Cap and Cloth Hat Industry, Commission Report on Wage Differentials in
Earnings in Selected Manufacturing Industries, by States, 1933-35.
Employment, Payrolls, Hours, and Wages in 115 Selected Code Industries 1933-1935.
Fur Manufacturing Commission Report on Wages and Hours in
Labor Program under the National Industrial Recovery Act, The
Administrative Studies:
Agreements Under Sections 4(a) and 7(b) of the NIRA
Basic Code, the -- (Administrative Order X-61)
Code Compliance Activities of the NRA.
Code Making Program of the NRA in the Territories, The
Code Provisions and Related Subjects, Policy Statements Concerning
Content of NIRA Administrative Legislation
Part A. Executive and Administrative Orders
Part D. Administrative Provisions in the Codes
Part E. Agreements under Sections 4(a) and 7(b)
Part F. A Type Case: The Cotton Textile Code
NRA Insignia
President's Reemployment Agreement, The
President's Reemployment Agreement, Substitutions in Connection with the
Prison Labor Problem under NRA. and the Prison Compact, The
Problems of Administration in the Overlapping of Code Definitions of Industries and Trades, Multiple Code Coverage, Classifying Individual Menibers of Industries and Trades.
Relationship of NRA to Government Contracts and Contracts Involving the Use of Government Funds.
Sheltered Workshops Under NRA
Legal Studies:
Anti-Trust Laws and Unfair Competition
Collective Bargaining Agreements, the Right of Individual Employees to Enforce.
Enforcement, Extra-Judicial Methods of
Federal Regulation through the Joint Employment of the Power of Taxation and the Spending Power.
Government Contract, Provisions as a Means of Establishing Proper Economic Standards, Legal Memorandum on Possibility of
Industrial Relations in Australia, Regulation of
Post Office and Post Road Power -- Can it be Used as a Means of Federal Industrial Regulation?
State Recovery Legislation in Aid of Federal Recovery Legislation History and Analysis
Tariff Rates to Secure Proper Standards of Wages and Hours, the Possibility of Variation in
Treaty Making Power of the United States
War Power, Can it be Used an a Means of Federal Regulation of Child Labor? .
The Evidence Studies Series:
Automobile Manufacturing Industry
Automotive Parts and Equipment Industry
Baking Industry
Boot and Shoe Manufacturing Industry
Builders' Supplies Industry
Canning Industry
Chemical Manufacturing Industry
Coat and Suit Industry
Construction Industry
Cotton Garment Industry
Dress Manufacturing Industry
Electrical Contracting Industry
Electrical Manufacturing Industry
Fabricated Metal Products Mfg. and Metal Finishing and Metal Coating Industry
Fishery Industry
Furniture Manufacturing Industry
General Contractors Industry
Graphic Arts Industry
Gray Iron Foundry Industry
Hosiery Industry
Infant's and Children's Wear Industry
Iron and Steel Industry
Leather Industry
Lumber and Timber Products Industry
Mason Contractors Industry
Men's Clothing Industry
Motion Picture Industry
Motor Vehicle Retailing Trade
Needlework Industry of Puerto Rico
Painting and Paperhanging Industry
Photo Engraving Industry
Plumbing Contracting Industry
Retail Lumber Industry
Retail Trade Industry
Retail Tire and Battery Trade Industry
Rubber Manufacturing Industry
Shipbuilding Industry
Silk Textile Industry
Structural Clay Products Industry
Throwing Industry
Trucking Industry
Waste Materials Industry
Wholesale and Retail Food Industry
Wholesale Fresh Fruit and Vegetable Industry
Wool Textile Industry
The Statistical Materials Series:
Asphalt Shingle and Roofing Industry
Business Furniture
Candy Manufacturing Industry
Carpet and Rug Industry
Cement Industry
Cleaning and Dyeing Trade
Coffee Industry
Copper and Brass Mill Products Industry
Cotton Textile Industry
Electrical Manufacturing Industry
Fertilizer Industry
Glass Container Industry
Ice Manufacturing Industry
Knitted Outerwear Industry
Paint, Varnish, and Lacquer, Mfg. Industry
Plumbing Fixtures Industry
Rayon and Synthetic Yarn Producing Industry
Salt Producing Industry