Guide to the United States. National War Labor Board files,
1913-1946 [bulk 1942-1945].

Collection Number: 5298

Kheel Center for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives, Cornell University Library

Contact Information:
Kheel Center for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives
Martin P. Catherwood Library
227 Ives Hall
Cornell University
Ithaca, NY 14853
(607) 255-3183
kheel_center@cornell.edu
http://www.ilr.cornell.edu/library/kheel
Compiled by:
Kheel Center Staff
EAD encoding:
Casey S. Westerman, January 21, 2003

© 2003 Kheel Center for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives, Cornell University Library


DESCRIPTIVE SUMMARY

Title:
United States. National War Labor Board files, 1913-1946 [bulk 1942-1945].
Collection Number:
5298
Creator:
United States. National War Labor Board (1942-1945).
Quantity:
3 linear ft.
Forms of Material:
Awards, decisions, reports and recommendations of mediation panels, hearings transcripts, statements, briefs and answers of employers and unions, memoranda, press releases, bulletins, summaries of Board actions and decisions.
Repository:
Kheel Center for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives, Cornell University Library
Abstract:
Records consist of documentation of labor-management dispute settlement and wage stabilization cases brought before various mediation panels of the National and Region 2 War Labor Boards, as well as the Non-Ferrous Metals Commission of the U.S. National War Labor Board.
Language:
Collection material in English


ORGANIZATIONAL HISTORY

The National War Labor Board, a tripartite body established in 1942 by President Franklin D. Roosevelt, was charged with acting as an arbitration tribunal in labor-management dispute cases, thereby preventing work stoppages which might hinder the war effort. It was also responsible for determining wage adjustments in accordance with anti-inflationary wage stabilization criteria and policies.
The Board was initially divided into 12 Regional Administrative Boards which handled both labor dispute settlement and wage stabilization functions for specific geographic regions. The National Board further decentralized in 1943, when it established special tripartite commissions and panels to deal with particular industries on a national basis.

COLLECTION DESCRIPTION

This collection reflects the Board's decision-making and internal communication processes, and documents Board policy on no-strike pledges, grievance and arbitration procedures, union security, management rights, maintenance of membership, anti-inflationary wage control policy, and fringe benefits.
The bulk of the collection consists of materials pertaining to labor dispute settlement cases. Includes awards, decisions, and reports and recommendations of mediation panels; hearings transcripts, and documents used as evidence in hearings; and statements, briefs and answers of employers and unions. Documents generated by the War Labor Board also include memoranda, press releases, bulletins and reports concerning directives for case handling, administrative procedures and regulations, and summaries of Board actions and decisions.

SUBJECTS

Names:
United States.
United States. Non-Ferrous Metals Commission.
United States. National War Labor Board (1942-1945). Region 2.

Subjects:
Arbitration, Industrial--United States--Cases.
Mediation and conciliation, Industrial--United States--Cases.
Wage-price policy--United States.
War and emergency powers--United States.
World War, 1939-1945--Economic aspects--United States.
Arbitrators, Industrial.

Form and Genre Terms:
Broadsides.
Case files.
Decisions.
Transcripts.


INFORMATION FOR USERS

Access Restrictions:
Access to the collections in the Kheel Center is restricted. Please contact a reference archivist for access to these materials.
Restrictions on Use:
This collection must be used in keeping with the Kheel Center Information Sheet and Procedures for Document Use.
Cite As:
United States. National War Labor Board files, #5298. Kheel Center for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives, Cornell University Library.