Guide to the New York City CIO Scrapbook

Collection Number: 5270

Kheel Center for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives, Cornell University Library

Contact Information:
Kheel Center for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives
Martin P. Catherwood Library
227 Ives Hall
Cornell University
Ithaca, NY 14853
(607) 255-3183> kheel_center@cornell.edu
http://www.ilr.cornell.edu/library/kheel-center
Compiled by:
Kheel Staff, February 27, 2014
EAD encoding:
Kheel Staff, March 10, 2015

© 2015 Kheel Center for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives, Cornell University Library


DESCRIPTIVE SUMMARY

Title:
New York City CIO Scrapbook, 1940-1948
Collection Number:
5270
Creator:
Congress of Industrial Organizations (CIO)
Quantity:
0.6 linear ft.
Forms of Material:
News clippings, pamphlets, posters.
Repository:
Kheel Center for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives, Cornell University Library
Abstract:
A large scrap book consisting of clippings from New York daily newspapers, labor union journals and publications of the Greater New York Industrial Union Council covering the period of its existence, 1940-1948.
Language:
Collection material in English


ORGANIZATIONAL HISTORY

The Greater New York Industrial Union was organized in 1938. As with all city central labor bodies, its objects were by united action to protect, maintain and advance the interests of the affiliated unions and membership in this territory, to extend unionism on the basis of industrial organization, to secure legislation in the interests of working people and cooperate with the state and national CIO. The Council was composed of delegates from affiliated local unions in the City of New York and vicinity.
Its official organization was founded July 24, 1940 at a special congress of representatives of CIO affiliates held at the Hotel Mc Alpin. Allan S. Haywood, National Director of the CIO and former President of the New York State CIO presided. Joseph Curran, President of the National Maritime Union and Saul Kills, a member of the American Newspaper Guild were unanimously elected first president and secretary-treasurer, respectively. By June 1942, the Council represented 500,000 members of some 250 CIO locals in greater New York.
By 1948, communism in labor unions was a serious issue. A special subcommittee of the House of Representatives of Congress was appointed to investigate communist infiltration in labor unions and several New York City CIO unions were investigated, among them the United Electrical Radio and Machine Workers of America and the Teachers Union of the City of New York, United Public Workers of America and Department Store Employees Union.
The City Council planned a mass picketing demonstration to protest the House investigation and to promote Henry Wallace as a candidate for President on a third party ticket. This split the New York Council in two. Several right wing unions withdrew, protesting the use of an economic weapon for purely political purposes and the Council's refusal to follow the National CIO policy which opposed Wallace's third party and supported the European Recovery Program.
CIO President Philip Murray appointed a three man board in October to hear charges against the Council's officers, and the Board reported to Mr. Murray that the Council had been following a pro-communist line. The report was given to the National CIO Executive Board, which revoked the Charter of the Council at the annual meeting in November.
The New York State organization was made responsible for closing the offices and liquidating the funds of the Council.

COLLECTION DESCRIPTION

A large scrap book consisting of clippings from New York daily newspapers, labor union journals and publications of the Greater New York Industrial Union Council covering the period of its existence, 1940-1948.

SUBJECTS

Names:
Congress of Industrial Organizations, Greater New York Industrial Union Council

Subjects:
Labor unions -- New York (State) -- New York
Labor unions and communism -- New York (State) -- New York

Form and Genre Terms:
Scrapbooks


INFORMATION FOR USERS

Access Restrictions:
Access to the collections in the Kheel Center is restricted. Please contact a reference archivist for access to these materials.
Restrictions on Use:
This collection must be used in keeping with the Kheel Center Information Sheet and Procedures for Document Use.
Cite As:
New York City CIO Scrapbook #5270. Kheel Center for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives, Cornell University Library.

CONTAINER LIST

Date
Description
Container
1945-1946
Newspaper Clippings: Blood Donation and ACWA
Box 1 Folder 1
May 1945 - January 26 1946
1943-1945
CIO Pamphlets and Posters
Box 1 Folder 2
1946
Chorus Audition and Veterans Pay Posters
Box 1 Folder 3
1946
Petitions, Posters and Pamphlets
Box 1 Folder 4
1946
Pamphlets and Posters
Box 1 Folder 5
1947
Pamphlets and Posters
Box 1 Folder 6
Community Guide for Victory Pamphlets
Box 1 Folder 7
1943-1944
CIO Guide Booklets
Box 1 Folder 8
1945
War-Related Pamphlets
Box 1 Folder 9
1945-1946
Bring-the-GI's-Home Petitions and Posters
Box 1 Folder 10
1946-1947
Black Market Meat, Prices Petitions and Pamphlets
Box 1 Folder 11
1945-1946
Miscellaneous Posters
Box 1 Folder 12
1947
Register-to-Vote Posters, Petition
Box 1 Folder 13
1946-1947
Voting Posters
Box 1 Folder 14
1944-1945
Register to Vote and to Canvas Posters
Box 1 Folder 15
1943-1944
Register to Vote Posters and Pamphlets
Box 1 Folder 16
1945-1947
CIO Rallies Posters
Box 1 Folder 17
1946-1947
Shop-Stewards Conference Posters
Box 1 Folder 18
1944-1945
Housing and Jobs Conference Posters
Box 1 Folder 19
1943-1947
Miscellaneous Conference Posters
Box 1 Folder 20
1945
Unionize Your Block Poster
Box 1 Folder 21
New York City. CIO. Scrapbook Contents. Newspaper Clippings
Box 2 Folder 1
Contents removed from box 1.