International Workingmen's Association Records on Microfilm

Collection Number: 5213 mf

Kheel Center for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives, Cornell University Library


DESCRIPTIVE SUMMARY

Title:
International Workingmen's Association Records on Microfilm, 1868-1877
Collection Number:
5213 mf
Creator:
International Workingmen's Association
Quantity:
2 microfilm reels
Forms of Material:
Broadsides (notices), microfilm.
Repository:
Kheel Center for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives, Cornell University Library
Abstract:
Records of a seminal socialist and Communist international labor movement.
Language:
Collection material in English


ORGANIZATIONAL HISTORY

Under the leadership of Karl Marx, this organization was originally based in London. The Association moved to New York in 1872.
The International Workingmen's Association (IWA) was organized in London at a mass meeting of European trade unionists in 1864. Karl Marx was elected to the General Council and he organized the International as a propaganda vehicle for international socialism. Until about 1869 the International concentrated on organizing trade unions. After that the International became interested in gaining support for itself in the United States. It found support in two rival factions of American socialists, the followers of Ferdinand Lassalle and the followers of Friedrich Sorge. In 1872 the IWA held a conference at The Hague, at which the General Council voted to move its headquarters to New York City, thus giving control of the IWA to the Americans, led by Sorge. The IWA was dissolved in 1876, and many of its members then helped to launch the Workingmen's Party of the United States.

COLLECTION DESCRIPTION

This collection documents the activities of the International Workingmen's Association, especially in the United States.
The records of the General Council (1871-1874) include correspondence (1872-1874) and convention material (1871). Subjects covered include letters written by Friedrich Sorge regarding Friedrich Engel's financial responsibility for the International; and the progressively independent behavior of the Swiss, Italian and Spanish federal councils.
The records of the North American Federal Council (1868-1877) include correspondence (1871-1877), convention resolutions and proceedings (1870-1876), clippings (1870-1873) and broadsides (1871-1876). Topics relate to the Sorge faction of the federal council, commenting on the varying activities of the local sections and how the contemporary press viewed the International.
The records of Section 26, Philadelphia (1871-1876) include incoming correspondence, minutes, financial records, membership records and advertising materials. Subjects included are dissatisfaction that Sorge's Section 1 dominated the federal council; The Hague conference; and the eight-hour movement in Philadelphia.
The records of Section 1, St. Louis (1870-1877) include correspondence (1870-1877), financial records (1874-1876), and broadsides.
SUBJECTS

Names:
International Workingmen's Association
International Workingmen's Association--Archives--Microform catalogs.
State Historical Society of Wisconsin.
Lassalle, Ferdinand, 1825-1864
Mattern, Carolyn J.
Sorge, Friedrich A. (Friedrich Adolf), 1828-1906

Subjects:
Socialism
Socialism--United States
Socialists

Form and Genre Terms:
Broadsides (notices)
Microfilm.


INFORMATION FOR USERS

Access Restrictions:
Access to the collections in the Kheel Center is restricted. Please contact a reference archivist for access to these materials.
Restrictions on Use:
This collection must be used in keeping with the Kheel Center Information Sheet and Procedures for Document Use.
Cite As:
International Workingmen's Association Records on Microfilm #5213 mf. Kheel Center for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives, Cornell University Library.

CONTAINER LIST

Container
Description
Date
Reel 1 1868-1877
Positive
Reel 2 1868-1877
Positive