Guide to the United States Emergency Board No. 94 Transcripts And Exhibits,

Collection Number: 5038

Kheel Center for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives, Cornell University Library

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Date completed:
EAD encoding:
August 19, 2002

© 2002 Kheel Center for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives, Cornell University Library


United States. Emergency Board No. 94. Transcripts and exhibits, 1951.
Collection Number:
United States. Emergency Board No. 94.
3 linear feet.
Forms of Material:
Transcripts and exhibits.
Kheel Center for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives, Cornell University Library
Transcripts and exhibits, Emergency Board No. 94, 1951 : Air Line Pilots Association, International, vs. American Airlines, Inc., 1938-1951.
Collection material in English


Executive order of the President dated January 13, 1951, resulted in the appointment of an emergency board composed of Mr. David L. Cole, labor consultant of Paterson, N.J., as Chairman; Hon. Frank P. Douglass, former Chairman of the national Mediation Board of Pine, Colorado; and Mr. Aaron Horvitz, Attorney of New York, N. Y.
Public hearings were begun in Washington, D.C. on January 25, 1951, and on January 29 the proceedings were moved to New York City. These hearings continued until April 27, 1951, and at the conclusion of the hearings. : the board met jointly with the parties, also separately, in an effort to secure a settlement of the disputes by mutual agreement but without success. The record consists of 4,770 pares of testimony and argument and 106 exhibits. Extension of time to May 28, 1951, for report of the board was approved by the President. The report was made on May 25, 1951.
The complicated issues in dispute had been the subject of continuous negotiation and mediation, lasting almost 18 months, and had resulted in the taking of a strike vote. A major issue resulted from the request of the Air Line Pilots Association to place limitations on the number of miles pilots would be required to fly each month, depending upon the speed of the the plane; other changes of rate formulae for pilots and copilots were in dispute, a total of 27 issues as broken down in the board's report.
In its report, the board recommended a sizeable increase for copilots, which will average $1,800 per year. The board did not recommend reduction in flying hours below what they now are. The board recommended increased vacation allowance for captains, a provision guaranteeing more free time for all pilots, a minimum-pay guarantee, improved sick leave, furlough allowance for pilots with two or more years' seniority, and increased meal allowances. Other recommendations included a no-strike clause to be made part of the new agreement and that machinery be established for submitting unsettled grievances over dismissals and interpretation of the contract to a form of arbitration.


United States.
Cole, David L. (David Lawrence), 1902-1978.
Air Line Pilots Association, International.
American Airlines, Inc.

Mediation and conciliation, Industrial--United States--Sources.


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Cite As:
United States. Emergency Board No. 94. Transcripts and exhibits, 1951. #5038. Kheel Center for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives, Cornell University Library.

I. Transcripts.
Duplicate set of transcripts. 36 Volumes. 4770 Pages.
II. Airline Pilots Exhibits.
P1. Amendment to agreement between American Airlines, Inc. and the Air Line Pilots.
P2. Final argument and summation of the Air Line Pilots Association, International, in the First Pilots' and Copilots' NMB Case A-3255 before the American Airlines Presidential Emergency Board.
P3. Routes flown by a Chicago Based Pilot, 1930-1950.
P4. The Development of United States Transport type Aircraft from 1930 to the present time.
P5. Turbine jet and turbine jet powered propeller air line craft - not a tomorrow's vision, but a today's reality - planned, engineered, manufactured and flying.
P6. The aircraft under design.
P7. Crew and passenger increase with the development of transport type aircraft.
P8. The development of transport aircraft on American Airlines from 1930-1951.
P9. American Airlines output, pilot productivity and earnings.
P10. Growth of output per pilot crew, New York, Chicago run.
P11. Larger, faster and more complex aircraft and high altitude flying has multiplied the weather problems of Air Line Pilots.
P12. Evolution of the cockpit of commercial aircraft as related to instrumentation and flight crew performance.
P13. The increase in numbers and complexity of aeronautical radio navigation and communication facilities the increase in the amount of air traffic and the resultant. need for more precise navigation have added greatly to the job content of the airline pilots and copilots.
P14. Comparison of terminal area problems, 1945 to 1950.
P15. A comparison of the approach and landing operation of past and present air line aircraft.
P16. Effects of altitude and pressurization of pilot work load.
P17. CM airway aids and navigational facilities over AA routes.
P18. The pilot is the proving ground for new equipment.
P20. Background and history of the origin, development, purpose and duties of the airline copilot status, second in command in the airline cockpit team.
P21. Laws, past and affecting airline pilots' of compensation, rules and conditions of employment.
P22. Civil Aeronautics Act and the National Defense.
P23. Decisions of the Civil Aeronautics Board indicating the special treatment given to air carriers on the basis of national defense.
P24. Technological unemployment of pilots on American Airlines.
P25. Effect of Air Line Retooling on Pilot Employment, The DG-6B.
P26. Pilots seniority lists indicate adverse effects of new equipment on pilot roster.
P27. Chronology on first pilot pay on American Airlines.
P28. Background, application and explanation of the Airlines pilots mileage increase determination proposal.
P30. Reducing hours without reducing take home pay.
P31. American Airlines crew cost related to output, revenue, expense and profitability.
P32. Many called, few chosen.
P33. Promotional prospects of American Airlines copilots.
P34. Employment record of C. S. Benjamin, Jr. with Airlines.
P35. History of the Copilot pay issue.
P36. Inequities of present American Airlines copilot payscale.
P37. The American Airlines copilot pay proposal.
P38. There are no regulations governing on duty hours of an air line pilot.
P39. Analysis of pilot working conditions on American Airlines.
P40. An explanation of the American Airlines Pilots on-duty hours proposal.
P41. Minimum pay - irregular flying.
P42. The dead head pay proposal of American Airline pilots.
P43. Reserve pilot - minimum guarantee.
P44. First pilots monthly guarantee.
P45. Hours of duty.
P46. Deadheading.
P47. Minimum guarantees.
P48. Furlough allowances.
P49. Furlough pay.
P50. Landing pay.
P51. Training pay.
P52. Expenses away from home.
P53. Sick leave requirements of pay personnel.
P54. Vacation periods and vacation pay allowances of American Airline Pilots.
P55. The present AA agreement does not contain a provision relating to the establishment of rules, working conditions and rates of compensation covering the operation of new aircraft introduced into service.
P56. The agreement between American Airlines and the Air Line Pilots Association, International covering the establishment and maintenance of a System Board of Adjustment should be amended to provide for a fifth and neutral member.
P57. Pilot hours - ramp-to-ramp, 1946-1950.
P58. Pilot headcount payroll (midmonth) 1946 and 1950.
P59. Statement of the Air Transport Association with respect to the examiner's report and findings.
P62. Reduction in Flight Engineer Force, October 13, 1950.
P63. New York Herald Tribune, April 5, 1951.
P64. Pan American First Pilot Pay.
P65. Aircraft Speeds Established in Currently Effective Employment Agreements Between ALPA and the Major Air Lines.
P66. Pilot Utilization American Air Lines, 1946-1950.
P68. Five occupations added to critical list.
P69. Creation of Civil Aeronautics Authority.
P70. An amendment to the Civil Aeronautics Act of 1938.
P71. Publicity and advertising of American Airlines, Inc. reflect equipment trends and performance.
P72. The DC-6B.
III. Carrier Exhibits.
C1. Pan American Agreement of November 1950.
C2. Original Copilot Pay Proposal to American Airlines: Pages 5 and 6 of Bahnke's Original Letter to the Company.
C3. Letter From Behnke to CAB re Armour Reports.
C4. Pilot Pay Comparisions.
C5. Pilots Pay as Compared to New C.P.I.
C6. Vital Statistics - Pilots.
C7. Text of Decisions 83 - Schientag Report - 1946 - Emergency Board Report.
C8. First Pilots Pay - Origin and Trend.
C9. Copilots Pay - Historical and Industry Pattern.
C10. Accidents on American Airlines - Bulletin.
C11. DC-6 - Crew Duties.
C12. Proposed Car Rules.
C13. Armour Report.
C14. Landings - 1945-1950.
C15. Duty Time.
C16. Federal Coordinator Report on Duty Time.
C17. Company's Proposals.
C18. Scheduled Time.
C19. Excerpts - AA Contract With ALPA - 1943.
C20. Routes, Equipment and Financial Data.
C21. Rate Policy and Effect on Traffic Growth.
C22. Pilot Employment.
C23. Distribution of Productivity Gains.
C24. Industry Practice re Certain Working Rules.
C25. Pan-American Contract.
C26. Letter of Understanding - Retroactivity - October 14, 1950
C27. American Airlines - Number of Employees as of December, 1950
C28. Carson Case Opinion.
C29. Historical Resume of Commercial Transport Development.
IV. Facts for Mediation.
Analysis of the demands.