Plate 15
The Moore House. Yorktown.
Plate 56
Headquarters of the New York Herald in the Field, Army of the Republic.
Plate 99
McLean's House. Where the capitulation was signed between Generals Grant and Lee.
Plate 100
Dedication of the Monuments on Bull Run Battle-Field.

Plate 56
Headquarters of the New York Herald in the Field, Army of the Republic,
Bealeton, Fauquier County, Virginia. September, 1863
Photographed by Timothy H. O'Sullivan

Military operations were never so faithfully chronicled as during the late war. Each army accompanied by a corps of newspaper correspondents, most of whom were dependent upon the officers’ hospitality. At time the movements of the Army rendered it almost impossible for correspondents to live comfortably, and the difficulties to be contended with led many of those who first set out to write the history of campaigns to abandon the undertaking. The New York Herald was the first and only journal to organize a corps of army correspondents who might live independent of the officers, and conduct the system successfully to the close of the war. In the Army of the Potomac it had one correspondent attached to the headquarters of each corps of infantry, and one with each division of correspondents, and with the office in New York, each of whom was capable of performing the duties of a correspondent, and thus fill any vacancy that might occur during active operations. Horses and wagons for the transportation of tents, camp equipage, forage &c., were furnished by the Herald, and the representative of that paper always had at headquarters a place to which he might invite his friends. Thus organized, the Herald correspondents were generally enabled to outstrip all competitors in furnishing the public with intelligence, and found army life as pleasant as reportorial duties in a city. All were exposed to danger, and a number lost their lives on the field. Several were wounded, some were captured, and experienced all the horrors of rebel prisons, and not a few still suffer from the effects of fevers contracted in the swamps of the Chickahominy. Others, in the course of their army experience, acquired a knowledge of military matters that led to their appointment as officers, and notwithstanding the reduction of the army are now retained by the Government in responsible positions. The Herald was not alone represented in the field, but the completeness of its arrangements rendered competition fruitless. The Times, Tribune, World, and Western papers sent out enterprising men, some of whom have since written valuable histories of military movements. To the army correspondents the country owes more than it can fully appreciate, until the historian in the future shall attempt to give the true narration of these revolutionary events.

Caption taken from original text, Plate 56, Vol. II,
Gardner's Photographic Sketch Book of the War

(Washington: Philp & Solomons, 1865-66)


click to view full image
Headquarters of the New York Herald in the Field, Army of the Republic. September, 1863 Photographed by Timothy H. O'Sullivan.

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